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Daniel 11:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And as for me, in the first year of Darius the Mede, I stood up to confirm and strengthen him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, [even] I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “In the first year of Darius the Mede, I arose to be an encouragement and a protection for him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Also I, in the first year of Darius the Mede, [even] I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I, in the first year of Darius the Mede, I stood to confirm and to strengthen him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I, therefore, in the first year of Darius the Mede, was at my station to strengthen and embolden him;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And I, in the first year of Darius the Mede, my standing [is] for a strengthener, and for a stronghold to him;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And from the first year of Darius, the Mede, I stood up, that he might be strengthened, and confirmed.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Also I, in the first yeere of Darius the Mede, [euen] I stood to confirme and to strengthen him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I in the first year of Cyrus stood to strengthen and confirm [him].
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Also I in the first year of Daryawesh the Madi, [even] I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Also I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
in the first 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
year 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
of Drywe דָּריָוֶשׁ 1867
{1867} Prime
דָרְיָוֶשׁ
Dar`yavesh
{daw-reh-yaw-vaysh'}
Of Persian origin; Darejavesh, a title (rather than name) of several Persian kings.
the M מָדִי, 4075
{4075} Prime
מָדִי
Maday
{maw-dah'-ee}
Patrial from H4074; a Madian or native of Madai.
[even] I, stood y5977
[5977] Standard
עֹמֶד
`omed
{o'-med}
From H5975; a spot (as being fixed).
x5975
(5975) Complement
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
to confirm 2388
{2388} Prime
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
and to strengthen 4581
{4581} Prime
מָעוֹז
ma`owz
{maw-oze'}
From H5810; a fortified place; figuratively a defence.
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 11:1

_ _ Daniel 11:1-45. This chapter is an enlargement of the eighth: The overthrow of Persia by Grecia: The four divisions of Alexander’s kingdom: Conflicts between the kings of the south and of the north, the Ptolemies and Seleucidae: Antiochus Epiphanes.

_ _ I — the angel (Daniel 10:18).

_ _ first year of Darius — Cyaxares II; the year of the conquest of Babylon (Daniel 5:31). Cyrus, who wielded the real power, though in name subordinate to Darius, in that year promulgated the edict for the restoration of the Jews, which Daniel was at the time praying for (Daniel 9:1, Daniel 9:2, Daniel 9:21, Daniel 9:23).

_ _ stood — implying promptness in helping (Psalms 94:16).

_ _ strengthen him — namely, Michael; even as Michael (Daniel 10:21, “strengtheneth himself with me”) helped the angel, both joining their powers in behalf of Israel [Rosenmuller]. Or, Darius, the angel “confirming him” in his purpose of kindness to Israel.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Daniel 11:1-4

_ _ Here, 1. The angel Gabriel lets Daniel know the good service he has done to the Jewish nation (Daniel 11:1): “In the first year of Darius the Mede, who destroyed Babylon and released the Jews out of that house of bondage, I stood a strength and fortress to him, that is, I was instrumental to protect him, and give him success in his ward, and, after he had conquered Babylon, to confirm him in his resolution to release the Jews,” which, it is likely, met with much opposition. Thus by the angel, and at the request of the watcher, the golden head was broken, and the axe laid to the root of the tree. Note, We must acknowledge the hand of God in the strengthening of those that are friends to the church for the service they are to do it, and confirming them in their good resolutions; herein he uses the ministry of angels more than we are aware of. And the many instances we have known of God's care of his church formerly encourage us to depend upon him in further straits and difficulties. 2. He foretels the reign of four Persian kings (Daniel 11:2): Now I will tell thee the truth, that is, the true meaning of the visions of the great image, and of the four beasts, and expound in plain terms what was before represented by dark types. (1.) There shall stand up three kings in Persia, besides Darius, in whose reign this prophecy is dated, Daniel 9:1. Mr. Broughton makes these three to be Cyrus, Artaxasta or Artaxerxes, called by the Greeks Cambyses, and Ahasuerus that married Esther, called Darius son of Hystaspes. To these three the Persians gave these attributes — Cyrus was a father, Cambyses a master, and Darius a hoarder up. So Herodotus. (2.) There shall be a fourth, far richer than they all, that is, Xerxes, of whose wealth the Greek authors take notice. By his strength (his vast army, consisting of 800,000 men at least) and his riches, with which he maintained and paid that vast army, he stirred up all against the realm of Greece. Xerxes's expedition against Greece is famous in history, and the shameful defeat that he met with. He who when he went out was the terror of Greece in his return was the scorn of Greece. Daniel needed not to be told what disappointment he would meet with, for he was a hinderer of the building of the temple; but soon after, about thirty years after the first return from captivity, Darius, a young king, revived the building of the temple, owning the hand of God against his predecessors for hindering it, Ezra 6:7. 3. He foretels Alexander's conquests and the partition of his kingdom, Daniel 11:3. He is that mighty king that shall stand up against the kings of Persia, and he shall rule with great dominion, over many kingdoms, and with a despotic power, for he shall do according to his will, and undo likewise, which, by the law of the Medes and Persians, their kings could not. When Alexander, after he had conquered Asia, would be worshipped as a god, then this was fulfilled, that he shall do according to his will. That is God's prerogative, but was his pretension. But (Daniel 11:4) his kingdom shall soon be broken, and divided into four parts, but not to his posterity, nor shall any of his successors reign according to his dominion; none of them shall have such large territories nor such an absolute power. His kingdom was plucked up for others besides those of his own family. Arideus, his brother, was made king in Macedonia; Olympias, Alexander's mother, killed him, and poisoned Alexander's two sons, Hercules and Alexander. Thus was his family rooted out by its own hands. See what decaying perishing things worldly pomp and possessions are, and the powers by which they are got. Never was the vanity of the world and its greatest things shown more evidently than in the story of Alexander. All is vanity and vexation of spirit.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 11:1

Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, [even] I, (a) stood to confirm and to strengthen him.

(a) The angel assures Daniel that God has given him power to perform these things, seeing that he appointed him to assist Darius when he overcame the Chaldeans.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in the:

Daniel 5:31 And Darius the Median took the kingdom, [being] about threescore and two years old.
Daniel 9:1 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans;

to confirm:

Daniel 10:18 Then there came again and touched me [one] like the appearance of a man, and he strengthened me,
Acts 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, [and] exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.
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Dn 5:31; 9:1; 10:18. Ac 14:22.

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