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Colossians 4:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Aristarchus my fellow-prisoner saluteth you, and Mark, the cousin of Barnabas (touching whom ye received commandments; if he come unto you, receive him),
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Aristarchus my fellowprisoner saluteth you, and Marcus, sister's son to Barnabas, (touching whom ye received commandments: if he come unto you, receive him;)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Aristarchus, my fellow prisoner, sends you his greetings; and [also] Barnabas’s cousin Mark (about whom you received instructions; if he comes to you, welcome him);
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Aristarchus, my fellow-prisoner, saluteth you; and Marcus, sister's son to Barnabas, (concerning whom ye received commandments: if he should come to you, receive him;)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Aristarchus my fellow-captive salutes you, and Mark, Barnabas's cousin, concerning whom ye have received orders, (if he come to you, receive him,)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Aristarchus, my fellow-captive, saluteth you; and Mark, the first cousin of Barnabas,—concerning whom ye have received commands—if he come unto you, give him welcome;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Salute you doth Aristarchus, my fellow-captive, and Marcus, the nephew of Barnabas, (concerning whom ye did receive commands—if he may come unto you receive him,)
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Aristarchus, my fellow prisoner, saluteth you: and Mark, the cousin german of Barnabas, touching whom you have received commandments. If he come unto you, receive him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Aristarchus my fellow prisoner saluteth you, and Marcus sisters sonne to Barnabas, (touching whome yee receiued commandements; if he come vnto you, receiue him:)
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Aristarchos, a captive with me, asketh for your peace, and Markos, the nephew of Bar Naba, regarding whom you are directed, that if he come to you, receive him,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Aristarchus, my fellow-captive, saluteth you; also Marcus, an uncle's son to Barnabas, of whom ye have received directions, that if he come to you, ye may kindly receive him:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Aristarchus 708
{0708} Prime
Ἀρίσταρχος
Aristarchos
{ar-is'-tar-khos}
From the same as G0712 and G0757; best ruling; Aristarchus, a Macedonian.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
fellowprisoner 4869
{4869} Prime
συναιχμάλωτος
sunaichmalotos
{soon-aheekh-mal'-o-tos}
From G4862 and G0164; a co-captive.
saluteth 782
{0782} Prime
ἀσπάζομαι
aspazomai
{as-pad'-zom-ahee}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and a presumed form of G4685; to enfold in the arms, that is, (by implication) to salute, (figuratively) to welcome.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
you, 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Marcus, 3138
{3138} Prime
Μᾶρκος
Markos
{mar'-kos}
Of Latin origin; Marcus, a Christian.
sister's son 431
{0431} Prime
ἀνεψιός
anepsios
{an-eps'-ee-os}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and an obsolete form νέπος [[nepos]] (a brood); properly akin, that is, (specifically) a cousin.
to Barnabas, 921
{0921} Prime
Βαρναβᾶς
Barnabas
{bar-nab'-as}
Of Chaldee origin [H1247] and [H5029]; son of Nabas (that is, prophecy); Barnabas, an Israelite.
(touching 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
ye received 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
commandments: 1785
{1785} Prime
ἐντολή
entole
{en-tol-ay'}
From G1781; injunction, that is, an authoritative prescription.
if 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
he come 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
you, 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
receive 1209
{1209} Prime
δέχομαι
dechomai
{dekh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to receive (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z5663
<5663> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 54
him;) 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Colossians 4:10

_ _ Aristarchus — a Macedonian of Thessalonica (Acts 27:2), who was dragged into the theater at Ephesus, during the tumult with Gaius, they being “Paul’s companions in travel.” He accompanied Paul to Asia (Acts 20:4), and subsequently (Acts 27:2) to Rome. He was now at Rome with Paul (compare Philemon 1:23, Philemon 1:24). As he is here spoken of as Paul’s “fellow prisoner,” but in Philemon 1:24 as Paul’s “fellow laborer”; and vice versa, Epaphras in Philemon 1:23, as his “fellow prisoner,” but here (Colossians 1:7) “fellow servant,” Meyer in Alford, conjectures that Paul’s friends voluntarily shared his imprisonment by turns, Aristarchus being his fellow prisoner when he wrote to the Colossians, Epaphras when he wrote to Philemon. The Greek for “fellow prisoner” is literally, fellow captive, an image from prisoners taken in warfare, Christians being “fellow soldiers” (Philippians 2:25; Philemon 1:2), whose warfare is “the good fight of faith.”

_ _ Mark — John Mark (Acts 12:12, Acts 12:25); the Evangelist according to tradition.

_ _ sister’s son — rather, “cousin,” or “kinsman to Barnabas”; the latter being the better known is introduced to designate Mark. The relationship naturally accounts for Barnabas’ selection of Mark as his companion when otherwise qualified; and also for Mark’s mother’s house at Jerusalem being the place of resort of Christians there (Acts 12:12). The family belonged to Cyprus (Acts 4:36); this accounts for Barnabas’ choice of Cyprus as the first station on their journey (Acts 13:4), and for Mark’s accompanying them readily so far, it being the country of his family; and for Paul’s rejecting him at the second journey for not having gone further than Perga, in Pamphylia, but having gone thence home to his mother at Jerusalem (Matthew 10:37) on the first journey (Acts 13:13).

_ _ touching whom — namely, Mark.

_ _ ye received commandments — possibly before the writing of this Epistle; or the “commandments” were verbal by Tychicus, and accompanying this letter, since the past tense was used by the ancients (where we use the present) in relation to the time which it would be when the letter was read by the Colossians. Thus (Philemon 1:19), “I have written,” for “I write.” The substance of them was, “If he come unto you, receive him.” Paul’s rejection of him on his second missionary journey, because he had turned back at Perga on the first journey (Acts 13:13; Acts 15:37-39), had caused an alienation between himself and Barnabas. Christian love soon healed the breach; for here he implies his restored confidence in Mark, makes honorable allusion to Barnabas, and desires that those at Colosse who had regarded Mark in consequence of that past error with suspicion, should now “receive” him with kindness. Colosse is only about one hundred ten miles from Perga, and less than twenty from the confines of Pisidia, through which province Paul and Barnabas preached on their return during the same journey. Hence, though Paul had not personally visited the Colossian Church, they knew of the past unfaithfulness of Mark; and needed this recommendation of him, after the temporary cloud on him, so as to receive him, now that he was about to visit them as an evangelist. Again, in Paul’s last imprisonment, he, for the last time, speaks of Mark (2 Timothy 4:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Colossians 4:7-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Colossians 4:10

Aristarchus my fellowprisoner — Such was Epaphras likewise for a time, Philemon 1:23. Ye have received directions — Namely, by Tychicus, bringing this letter. The ancients adapted their language to the time of reading the letter; not, as we do, to the time when it was written. It is not improbable, they might have scrupled to receive him, without this fresh direction, after he had left St. Paul, and "departed from the work."

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Aristarchus:

Acts 19:29 And the whole city was filled with confusion: and having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia, Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the theatre.
Acts 20:4 And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.
Acts 27:2 And entering into a ship of Adramyttium, we launched, meaning to sail by the coasts of Asia; [one] Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, being with us.
Philemon 1:24 Marcus, Aristarchus, Demas, Lucas, my fellowlabourers.

saluteth:

Romans 16:21-23 Timotheus my workfellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you. ... Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.

and Marcus:

Acts 12:12 And when he had considered [the thing], he came to the house of Mary the mother of John, whose surname was Mark; where many were gathered together praying.
Acts 13:5 And when they were at Salamis, they preached the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews: and they had also John to [their] minister.
Acts 13:13 Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia: and John departing from them returned to Jerusalem.
Acts 15:37-39 And Barnabas determined to take with them John, whose surname was Mark. ... And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed unto Cyprus;
2 Timothy 4:11 Only Luke is with me. Take Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry.
1 Peter 5:13 The [church that is] at Babylon, elected together with [you], saluteth you; and [so doth] Marcus my son.

receive:

Romans 16:2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.
2 John 1:8-9 Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward. ... Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son.
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Ac 12:12; 13:5, 13; 15:37; 19:29; 20:4; 27:2. Ro 16:2, 21. 2Ti 4:11. Phm 1:24. 1P 5:13. 2Jn 1:8.

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