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Colossians 4:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Masters, render unto your servants that which is just and equal; knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Masters, give unto [your] servants that which is just and equal; knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Masters, grant to your slaves justice and fairness, knowing that you too have a Master in heaven.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Masters, give to [your] servants that which is just and equal; knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Masters, give to bondmen what is just and fair, knowing that *ye* also have a Master in [the] heavens.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye masters! that which is just and equitable, unto your servants, be rendering, knowing that, ye also, have a Master in heaven.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The masters! that which is righteous and equal to the servants give ye, having known that ye also have a Master in the heavens.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Masters, do to your servants that which is just and equal: knowing that you also have a master in heaven.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Masters, giue vnto your seruants that which is iust and equall, knowing that yee also haue a Master in heauen.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Masters, do equity and justice to your servants, knowing that you also have a Master in heaven.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Masters, do equity and justice to your servants; and be conscious that ye also have a master in heaven.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Masters, 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
give 3930
{3930} Prime
παρέχω
parecho
{par-ekh'-o}
From G3844 and G2192; to hold near, that is, present, afford, exhibit, furnish occasion.
z5732
<5732> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 41
unto [your] servants 1401
{1401} Prime
δοῦλος
doulos
{doo'-los}
From G1210; a slave (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily; frequently therefore in a qualified sense of subjection or subserviency).
that which is just 1342
{1342} Prime
δίκαιος
dikaios
{dik'-ah-yos}
From G1349; equitable (in character or act); by implication innocent, holy (absolutely or relatively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
equal; 2471
{2471} Prime
ἰσότης
isotes
{ee-sot'-ace}
likeness (in condition or proportion); by implication equity.
knowing 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
a Master 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
heaven. 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Colossians 4:1

_ _ Colossians 4:1-18. Exhortations continued. To prayer: Wisdom in relation to the unconverted: As to the bearers of the epistle, Tychicus and Onesimus: Closing salutations.

_ _ giveGreek “render”: literally, “afford.”

_ _ equal — that is, as the slaves owe their duties to you, so you equally owe to them your duties as masters. Compare “ye masters do the same things” (see on Ephesians 6:9). Alford translates, “fairness,” “equity,” which gives a large and liberal interpretation of justice in common matters (Philemon 1:16).

_ _ knowing — (Colossians 3:24).

_ _ ye also — as well as they.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Colossians 4:1

_ _ The apostle proceeds with the duty of masters to their servants, which might have been joined to the foregoing chapter, and is a part of that discourse. Here observe, 1. Justice is required of them: Give unto your servants that which is just and equal (Colossians 4:1), not only strict justice, but equity and kindness. Be faithful to your promises to them, and perform your agreements; not defrauding them of their dues, nor keeping back by fraud the hire of the labourers, James 5:4. Require no more of them than they are able to perform; and do not lay unreasonable burdens upon them, and beyond their strength. Provide for them what is fit, supply proper food and physic, and allow them such liberties as may fit them the better for cheerful service and make it the easier to them, and this though they be employed in the meanest and lowest offices, and of another country and a different religion from yourselves. 2. A good reason for this regard: “Knowing that you also have a Master in heaven. You who are masters of others have a Master yourself, and are servants of another Lord. You are not lords of yourselves, and are accountable to one above you. Deal with your servants as you expect God should deal with you, and as those who believe they must give an account. You are both servants of the same Lord in the different relations in which you stand, and are equally accountable to him at last. Knowing that your Master also is in heaven, neither is there respect of persons with him,Ephesians 6:9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Colossians 4:1

Just — According to your contract. Equitable — Even beyond the letter of your contract.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
give:

Leviticus 19:13 Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob [him]: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.
Leviticus 25:39-43 And if thy brother [that dwelleth] by thee be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee; thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bondservant: ... Thou shalt not rule over him with rigour; but shalt fear thy God.
Deuteronomy 15:12-15 [And] if thy brother, an Hebrew man, or an Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh year thou shalt let him go free from thee. ... And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing to day.
Deuteronomy 24:14-15 Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant [that is] poor and needy, [whether he be] of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that [are] in thy land within thy gates: ... At his day thou shalt give [him] his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he [is] poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee.
Nehemiah 5:5-13 Yet now our flesh [is] as the flesh of our brethren, our children as their children: and, lo, we bring into bondage our sons and our daughters to be servants, and [some] of our daughters are brought unto bondage [already]: neither [is it] in our power [to redeem them]; for other men have our lands and vineyards. ... Also I shook my lap, and said, So God shake out every man from his house, and from his labour, that performeth not this promise, even thus be he shaken out, and emptied. And all the congregation said, Amen, and praised the LORD. And the people did according to this promise.
Job 24:11-12 [Which] make oil within their walls, [and] tread [their] winepresses, and suffer thirst. ... Men groan from out of the city, and the soul of the wounded crieth out: yet God layeth not folly [to them].
Job 31:13-15 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me; ... Did not he that made me in the womb make him? and did not one fashion us in the womb?
Isaiah 58:3 Wherefore have we fasted, [say they], and thou seest not? [wherefore] have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours.
Isaiah 58:5-9 Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? [is it] to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes [under him]? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD? ... Then shalt thou call, and the LORD shall answer; thou shalt cry, and he shall say, Here I [am]. If thou take away from the midst of thee the yoke, the putting forth of the finger, and speaking vanity;
Jeremiah 34:9-17 That every man should let his manservant, and every man his maidservant, [being] an Hebrew or an Hebrewess, go free; that none should serve himself of them, [to wit], of a Jew his brother. ... Therefore thus saith the LORD; Ye have not hearkened unto me, in proclaiming liberty, every one to his brother, and every man to his neighbour: behold, I proclaim a liberty for you, saith the LORD, to the sword, to the pestilence, and to the famine; and I will make you to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.
Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in [his] wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger [from his right], and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.
James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.

ye:

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for [he that is] higher than the highest regardeth; and [there be] higher than they.
Matthew 23:8-9 But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, [even] Christ; and all ye are brethren. ... And call no [man] your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.
Matthew 24:48-51 But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; ... And shall cut him asunder, and appoint [him] his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Luke 16:1-13 And he said also unto his disciples, There was a certain rich man, which had a steward; and the same was accused unto him that he had wasted his goods. ... No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
Luke 19:15 And it came to pass, that when he was returned, having received the kingdom, then he commanded these servants to be called unto him, to whom he had given the money, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading.
Ephesians 6:8 Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he receive of the Lord, whether [he be] bond or free.
Ephesians 6:9-20 And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him. ... For which I am an ambassador in bonds: that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.
Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him [are] called, and chosen, and faithful.
Revelation 19:16 And he hath on [his] vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:13; 25:39. Dt 15:12; 24:14. Ne 5:5. Jb 24:11; 31:13. Ec 5:8. Is 58:3, 5. Jr 34:9. Mal 3:5. Mt 23:8; 24:48. Lk 16:1; 19:15. Ep 6:8, 9. Jm 2:13; 5:4. Rv 17:14; 19:16.

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