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Colossians 2:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and not holding fast the Head, from whom all the body, being supplied and knit together through the joints and bands, increasing with the increase of God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And not holding the Head, from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered, and knit together, increaseth with the increase of God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and not holding fast to the head, from whom the entire body, being supplied and held together by the joints and ligaments, grows with a growth which is from God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And not holding the head, from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered, and knit together, increaseth with the increase of God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and not holding fast the head, from whom all the body, ministered to and united together by the joints and bands, increases with the increase of God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And not holding fast the head: from which, all the body, through means of its joints and uniting bands, receiving supply, and connecting itself together, groweth with the growth of God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and not holding the head, from which all the body—through the joints and bands gathering supply, and being knit together—may increase with the increase of God.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And not holding the head, from which the whole body, by joints and bands, being supplied with nourishment and compacted, groweth into the increase of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And not holding the head, from which all the body by ioynts and bands hauing nourishment ministred, and knit together, increaseth with the increase of God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and not holding the Head, from whom all the body is composed and constituted in joints and limbs, and increaseth (with) the increase of Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and holdeth not the head, from which the whole body is framed and constructed, with joints and members, and groweth with the growth [given] of God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
holding 2902
{2902} Prime
κρατέω
krateo
{krat-eh'-o}
From G2904; to use strength, that is, seize or retain (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Head, 2776
{2776} Prime
κεφαλή
kephale
{kef-al-ay'}
Probably from the primary word κάπτω [[kapto]] (in the sense of seizing); the head (as the part most readily taken hold of), literally or figuratively.
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
body 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
joints 860
{0860} Prime
ἁφή
haphe
{haf-ay'}
From G0680; probably a ligament (as fastening).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
bands 4886
{4886} Prime
σύνδεσμος
sundesmos
{soon'-des-mos}
From G4862 and G1199; a joint tie, that is, ligament, (figuratively) uniting principle, control.
having nourishment ministered, 2023
{2023} Prime
ἐπιχορηγέω
epichoregeo
{ep-ee-khor-ayg-eh'-o}
From G1909 and G5524; to furnish besides, that is, fully supply, (figuratively) aid or contribute.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
knit together, 4822
{4822} Prime
συμβιβάζω
sumbibazo
{soom-bib-ad'-zo}
From G4862 and βιβάζω [[bibazo]] (to force; causatively [by reduplication] of the base of G0939); to drive together, that is, unite (in association or affection), (mentally) to infer, show, teach.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
increaseth 837
{0837} Prime
αὐξάνω
auxano
{owx-an'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to grow ('wax'), that is, enlarge (literally or figuratively, actively or passively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
with the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
increase 838
{0838} Prime
αὔξησις
auxesis
{owx'-ay-sis}
From G0837; growth.
of God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Colossians 2:19

_ _ Translate, “Not holding fast the Head.” He who does not hold Christ solely and supremely above all others, does not hold Him at all [Bengel]. The want of firm holding of Christ has set him loose to (pry into, and so) “tread haughtily on (pride himself on) things which he hath seen.” Each must hold fast the Head for himself, not merely be attached to the other members, however high in the body [Alford].

_ _ from which — rather, “from whom.”

_ _ the body — that is, all the members of the body (Ephesians 4:16).

_ _ joints — the points of union where the supply of nourishment passes to the different members, furnishing the body with the materials of growth.

_ _ bands — the sinews and nerves which bind together limb and limb. Faith, love, and peace, are the spiritual bands. Compare “knit together in love” (Colossians 2:2; Colossians 3:14; Ephesians 4:3).

_ _ having nourishment ministered — that is, supplied to it continually. “Receiving ministration.”

_ _ knit together — The Greek is translated, “compacted,” Ephesians 4:16 : implying firm consolidation.

_ _ with the increase of God — (Ephesians 4:16); that is, wrought by God, the Author and Sustainer of the believer’s spiritual life, in union with Christ, the Head (1 Corinthians 3:6); and tending to the honor of God, being worthy of Him, its Author.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Colossians 2:16-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Colossians 2:19

And not holding the head — He does not hold Christ, who does not trust in him alone. All the members are nourished by faith, and knit together by love and mutual sympathy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Colossians 2:19

(19) And not holding the (c) Head, from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered, and knit together, increaseth with the increase of (d) God.

(19) The fourth argument, which is of great weight: because they rob Christ of his dignity, who alone is sufficient both to nourish and also to increase his whole body.

(c) Christ.

(d) With the increasing which comes from God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
not:

Colossians 2:6-9 As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord, [so] walk ye in him: ... For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.
Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence.
Galatians 1:6-9 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: ... As we said before, so say I now again, If any [man] preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.
Galatians 5:2-4 Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. ... Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
1 Timothy 2:4-6 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth. ... Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

all:

Ephesians 4:15-16 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, [even] Christ: ... From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.

by:

Job 19:9-12 He hath stripped me of my glory, and taken the crown [from] my head. ... His troops come together, and raise up their way against me, and encamp round about my tabernacle.
Psalms 139:15-16 My substance was not hid from thee, when I was made in secret, [and] curiously wrought in the lowest parts of the earth. ... Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all [my members] were written, [which] in continuance were fashioned, when [as yet there was] none of them.

nourishment:

John 15:4-6 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. ... If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.
Romans 11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;
Ephesians 5:29 For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church:

knit:

Colossians 2:2 That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding, to the acknowledgement of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ;
John 17:21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, [art] in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.
Acts 4:32 And the multitude of them that believed were of one heart and of one soul: neither said any [of them] that ought of the things which he possessed was his own; but they had all things common.
Romans 12:4-5 For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office: ... So we, [being] many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
1 Corinthians 1:10 Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and [that] there be no divisions among you; but [that] ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment.
1 Corinthians 10:16-17 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? ... For we [being] many are one bread, [and] one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27 For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also [is] Christ. ... Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.
Ephesians 4:3 Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.
Philippians 1:27 Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel;
Philippians 2:2-5 Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be likeminded, having the same love, [being] of one accord, of one mind. ... Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
1 Peter 3:8 Finally, [be ye] all of one mind, having compassion one of another, love as brethren, [be] pitiful, [be] courteous:

increaseth:

Colossians 1:10 That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God;
1 Corinthians 3:6 I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase.
Ephesians 4:16 From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.
1 Thessalonians 3:12 And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all [men], even as we [do] toward you:
1 Thessalonians 4:10 And indeed ye do it toward all the brethren which are in all Macedonia: but we beseech you, brethren, that ye increase more and more;
2 Thessalonians 1:3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you all toward each other aboundeth;
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.
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Jb 19:9. Ps 139:15. Jn 15:4; 17:21. Ac 4:32. Ro 11:17; 12:4. 1Co 1:10; 3:6; 10:16; 12:12. Ga 1:6; 5:2. Ep 4:3, 15, 16; 5:29. Php 1:27; 2:2. Col 1:10, 18; 2:2, 6. 1Th 3:12; 4:10. 2Th 1:3. 1Ti 2:4. 1P 3:8. 2P 3:18.

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