Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Colossians 2:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let no man rob you of your prize by a voluntary humility and worshipping of the angels, dwelling in the things which he hath seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Let no one keep defrauding you of your prize by delighting in self-abasement and the worship of the angels, taking his stand on [visions] he has seen, inflated without cause by his fleshly mind,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshiping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let no one fraudulently deprive you of your prize, doing his own will in humility and worship of angels, entering into things which he has not seen, vainly puffed up by the mind of his flesh,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let, no one, against you, be arbitrating, however wishful,—in respect of lowliness of mind, and of a religious observance of the messengers: upon what things he hath seen, taking his stand, in vain, puffed up by his carnal mind,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— let no one beguile you of your prize, delighting in humble-mindedness and [in] worship of the messengers, intruding into the things he hath not seen, being vainly puffed up by the mind of his flesh,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let no man seduce you, willing in humility and religion of angels, walking in the things which he hath not seen, in vain puffed up by the sense of his flesh:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let no man beguile you of your reward, in a voluntary humilitie, and worshipping of Angels, intruding into those things which hee hath not seene, vainely puft vp by his fleshly minde:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And lest any man wish by abasement of mind to fetter you to be subject to the worship of angels, intruding upon that which he hath not seen, and vainly inflated in his fleshly mind;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And let no one wish, by abasing the mind, to bring you under bonds, that ye subject yourselves to the worship of angels; while he is prying into that which he hath not seen, and is vainly inflated in his fleshly mind,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let y2603
[2603] Standard
καταβραβεύω
katabrabeuo
{kat-ab-rab-yoo'-o}
From G2596 and G1018 (in its original sense); to award the price against, that is, (figuratively) to defraud (of salvation).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
no man 3367
{3367} Prime
μηδείς
medeis
{may-dice'}
The masculine, feminine irregular (second form) and neuter (third form) from G3361 and G1520; not even one (man, woman, thing).
beguile y2603
[2603] Standard
καταβραβεύω
katabrabeuo
{kat-ab-rab-yoo'-o}
From G2596 and G1018 (in its original sense); to award the price against, that is, (figuratively) to defraud (of salvation).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
you y5209
[5209] Standard
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
of your reward 2603
{2603} Prime
καταβραβεύω
katabrabeuo
{kat-ab-rab-yoo'-o}
From G2596 and G1018 (in its original sense); to award the price against, that is, (figuratively) to defraud (of salvation).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
x5209
(5209) Complement
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
in y1722
[1722] Standard
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
a voluntary y2309
[2309] Standard
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
humility 5012
{5012} Prime
ταπεινοφροσύνη
tapeinophrosune
{tap-i-nof-ros-oo'-nay}
From a compound of G5011 and the base of G5424; humiliation of mind, that is, modesty.
x2309
(2309) Complement
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
x1722
(1722) Complement
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
worshipping 2356
{2356} Prime
θρησκεία
threskeia
{thrace-ki'-ah}
From a derivative of G2357; ceremonial observance.
of angels, 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
intruding into 1687
{1687} Prime
ἐμβατεύω
embateuo
{em-bat-yoo'-o}
From G1722 and a presumed derivative of the base of G0939; equivalent to G1684; to intrude on (figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
those things which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
he hath y3708
[3708] Standard
ὁράω
horao
{hor-ah'-o}
Properly to stare at (compare G3700), that is, (by implication) to discern clearly (physically or mentally); by extension to attend to; by Hebraism to experience; passively to appear.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
seen, 3708
{3708} Prime
ὁράω
horao
{hor-ah'-o}
Properly to stare at (compare G3700), that is, (by implication) to discern clearly (physically or mentally); by extension to attend to; by Hebraism to experience; passively to appear.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
vainly 1500
{1500} Prime
εἰκῇ
eike
{i-kay'}
Probably from G1502 (through the idea of failure); idly, that is, without reason (or effect).
puffed up 5448
{5448} Prime
φυσιόω
phusioo
{foo-see-o'-o}
From G5449 in the primary sense of blowing; to inflate, that is, (figuratively) make proud (haughty).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
by 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
fleshly 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
mind, 3563
{3563} Prime
νοῦς
nous
{nooce}
Probably from the base of G1097; the intellect, that is, mind (divine or human; in thought, feeling, or will); by implication meaning.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Colossians 2:18

_ _ beguile — Translate, “Defraud you of your prize,” literally, “to adjudge a prize out of hostility away from him who deserves it” [Trench]. “To be umpire in a contest to the detriment of one.” This defrauding of their prize the Colossians would suffer, by letting any self-constituted arbitrator or judge (that is, false teacher) draw them away from Christ,” the righteous Judge” and Awarder of the prize (2 Timothy 4:8; James 1:12; 1 Peter 5:4), to angel-worship.

_ _ in a voluntary humility — So “will-worship” (Colossians 2:23). Literally, “Delighting [Wahl] in humility”; loving (so the Greek is translated, Mark 12:38, “love to go in long clothing”) to indulge himself in a humility of his own imposing: a volunteer in humility [Dallaeus]. Not as Alford, “Let no one of purpose defraud you,” etc. Not as Grotius, “If he ever so much wish” (to defraud you). For the participle “wishing” or “delighting,” is one of the series, and stands in the same category as “intruding,” “puffed up,” “not holding”; and the self-pleasing implied in it stands in happy contrast to the (mock) humility with which it seems to me, therefore, to be connected. His “humility,” so called, is a pleasing of self: thus it stands in parallelism to “his fleshly mind” (its real name, though he styles it “humility”), as “wishing” or “delighting” does to “puffed up.” The Greek for “humility” is literally, “lowliness of mind,” which forms a clearer parallel to “puffed up by his fleshly mind.” Under pretext of humility, as if they durst not come directly to God and Christ (like the modern Church of Rome), they invoked angels: as Judaizers, they justified this on the ground that the law was given by angels. This error continued long in Phrygia (where Colosse and Laodicea were), so that the Council of Laodicea (a.d. 360) expressly framed its thirty-fifth canon against the “Angelici” (as Augustine [Heresies, 39], calls them) or “invokers of angels.” Even as late as Theodoret’s time, there were oratories to Michael the archangel. The modern Greeks have a legend that Michael opened a chasm to draw off an inundation threatening the Colossian Christians. Once men admit the inferior powers to share invocation with the Supreme, the former gradually engrosses all our serious worship, almost to the exclusion of the latter; thus the heathen, beginning with adding the worship of other deities to that of the Supreme, ended with ceasing to worship Him at all. Nor does it signify much, whether we regard such as directly controlling us (the pagan view), or as only influencing the Supreme in our behalf (the Church of Rome’s view); because he from whom I expect happiness or misery, becomes the uppermost object in my mind, whether he give, or only procure it [Cautions for Times]. Scripture opposes the idea of “patrons” or “intercessors” (1 Timothy 2:5, 1 Timothy 2:6). True Christian humility joins consciousness of utter personal demerit, with a sense of participation in the divine life through Christ, and in the dignity of our adoption by God. Without the latter being realized, a false self-humiliation results, which displays itself in ceremonies and ascetic self-abasement (Colossians 2:23), which after all is but spiritual pride under the mock guise of humility. Contrast “glorying in the Lord” (1 Corinthians 1:31).

_ _ intruding into ... things which he hath not seen — So very old manuscripts and Vulgate and Origen read. But the oldest manuscripts and Lucifer omit “not”; then translate, “haughtily treading on (‘Standing on’ [Alford]) the things which he hath seen.” Tregelles refers this to fancied visions of angels. But if Paul had meant a fancied seeing, he would have used some qualifying word, as, “which he seemed to see,” not “which he hath seen.” Plainly the things were actually seen by him, whether of demoniacal origination (1 Samuel 28:11-20), or phenomena resulting from natural causation, mistaken by him as if supernatural. Paul, not stopping to discuss the nature of the things so seen, fixes on the radical error, the tendency of such a one in all this to walk by SENSE (namely, what he haughtily prides himself on having SEEN), rather than by FAITH in the UNSEEN “Head” (Colossians 2:19; compare John 20:29; 2 Corinthians 5:7; Hebrews 11:1). Thus is the parallelism, “vainly puffed up” answers to “haughtily treading on,” or “setting his foot on”; “his fleshly mind” answers to the things which he hath seen,” since his fleshliness betrays itself in priding himself on what he hath seen, rather than on the unseen objects of faith. That the things seen may have been of demoniacal origination, appears from 1 Timothy 4:1, “Some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils” (Greek, “demons”). A warning to modern spiritualists.

_ _ puffed up — implying that the previous so called “humility” (Greek, “lowliness of mind”) was really a “puffing up.”

_ _ fleshly mindGreek, “By the mind of his own flesh.” The flesh, or sensuous principle, is the fountain head whence his mind draws its craving after religious objects of sight, instead of, in true humility as a member, “holding fast the (unseen) Head.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Colossians 2:16-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Colossians 2:18

Out of pretended humility, they worshipped angels, as not daring to apply immediately to God. Yet this really sprung from their being puffed up: (the constant forerunner of a fall, Proverbs 16:18) so far was it from being an instance of true humility.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Colossians 2:18

(16) Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary (a) humility and worshipping of angels, (17) intruding into those things which he hath not seen, (18) (b) vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind,

(16) He disputes against the first type of corruptions, and sets down the worshipping of angels as an example: which type of false religion he refutes, first, this way: because those who bring in such a worship, attribute that to themselves which is proper only to God, that is, authority to bind men's consciences with religion, even though they seem to bring in these things by humility of mind.

(a) By foolish humility of mind: for otherwise humility is a virtue. For these angel worshippers blamed those of pride who would go straight to God, and use no other means besides Christ.

(17) Secondly, because they rashly thrust upon them as oracles those things which they neither saw nor heard, but devised by themselves.

(18) Thirdly, because these things have no other ground upon which they are built, but only the opinion of men, who please themselves immensely in their own devices.

(b) Without reason.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
no:

Colossians 2:4 And this I say, lest any man should beguile you with enticing words.
Colossians 2:8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
Genesis 3:13 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What [is] this [that] thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
Numbers 25:18 For they vex you with their wiles, wherewith they have beguiled you in the matter of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of a prince of Midian, their sister, which was slain in the day of the plague for Peor's sake.
Matthew 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect.
Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
2 Corinthians 11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
Ephesians 5:6 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience.
2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:
1 John 2:26 These [things] have I written unto you concerning them that seduce you.
1 John 4:1-2 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. ... Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God:
2 John 1:7-11 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist. ... For he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds.
Revelation 3:11 Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.
Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Revelation 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.
Revelation 13:14 And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by [the means of] those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.

beguile you:
or, judge against you,
Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath [days]:

in a voluntary humility:
Gr. being a voluntary in humility,
Colossians 2:23 Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh.
Isaiah 57:9 And thou wentest to the king with ointment, and didst increase thy perfumes, and didst send thy messengers far off, and didst debase [thyself even] unto hell.

worshipping:

Daniel 11:38 But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.
*Heb:
Romans 1:25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.
1 Corinthians 8:5-6 For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,) ... But to us [there is but] one God, the Father, of whom [are] all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom [are] all things, and we by him.
1 Timothy 4:1 Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils;
*Gr:
Revelation 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See [thou do it] not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
Revelation 22:8-9 And I John saw these things, and heard [them]. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things. ... Then saith he unto me, See [thou do it] not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.

intruding:

Deuteronomy 29:29 The secret [things belong] unto the LORD our God: but those [things which are] revealed [belong] unto us and to our children for ever, that [we] may do all the words of this law.
Job 38:2 Who [is] this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?
Psalms 138:1-2 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] I will praise thee with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing praise unto thee. ... I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.
Ezekiel 13:3 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing!
1 Timothy 1:7 Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.

vainly:

Colossians 2:8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
1 Corinthians 4:18 Now some are puffed up, as though I would not come to you.
1 Corinthians 8:1 Now as touching things offered unto idols, we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth.
1 Corinthians 13:4 Charity suffereth long, [and] is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up,

fleshly:

Romans 8:6-8 For to be carnally minded [is] death; but to be spiritually minded [is] life and peace. ... So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.
1 Corinthians 3:3 For ye are yet carnal: for whereas [there is] among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
2 Corinthians 12:20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and [that] I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest [there be] debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults:
Galatians 5:19-20 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are [these]; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, ... Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
James 3:14-16 But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth. ... For where envying and strife [is], there [is] confusion and every evil work.
James 4:1-6 From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members? ... But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.
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Gn 3:13. Nu 25:18. Dt 29:29. Jb 38:2. Ps 138:1. Is 57:9. Ezk 13:3. Dn 11:38. Mt 24:24. Ro 1:25; 8:6; 16:18. 1Co 3:3; 4:18; 8:1, 5; 13:4. 2Co 11:3; 12:20. Ga 5:19. Ep 5:6. Col 2:4, 8, 16, 23. 1Ti 1:7; 4:1. Jm 3:14; 4:1. 2P 2:14. 1Jn 2:26; 4:1. 2Jn 1:7. Rv 3:11; 12:9; 13:8, 14; 19:10; 22:8.

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