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Colossians 2:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— which are a shadow of the things to come; but the body is Christ's.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body [is] of Christ.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— things which are a [mere] shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body [is] of Christ.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— which are a shadow of things to come; but the body [is] of Christ.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Which are a shadow of the things to come, whereas, the body, is of the Christ.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— which are a shadow of the coming things, and the body [is] of the Christ;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Which are a shadow of things to come: but the body is of Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Which are a shadow of things to come, but the body [is] of Christ.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— which are shadows of those to come, but the body is the Meshiha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— which were shadows of the things then future; but the body is the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
are 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
a shadow 4639
{4639} Prime
σκιά
skia
{skee'-ah}
Apparently a primary word; 'shade' or a shadow (literally or figuratively [darkness of error or an adumbration]).
of things to come; 3195
{3195} Prime
μέλλω
mello
{mel'-lo}
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
body 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
[is] of Christ. 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Colossians 2:17

_ _ things to come — the blessings of the Christian covenant, the substance of which Jewish ordinances were but the type. Compare “ages to come,” that is, the Gospel dispensation (Ephesians 2:7). Hebrews 2:5, “the world to come.”

_ _ the body is of Christ — The real substance (of the blessings typified by the law) belongs to Christ (Hebrews 8:5; Hebrews 10:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Colossians 2:16-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Colossians 2:17

Which are but a lifeless shadow; but the body, the substance, is of Christ.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Colossians 2:17

Which are a shadow of things to come; but the (z) body [is] of Christ.

(z) The body as a thing of substance and physical strength, he sets against shadows.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a shadow:

John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, [but] grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
Hebrews 8:5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, [that] thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.
Hebrews 9:9 Which [was] a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;
Hebrews 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, [and] not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.

the body:

Matthew 11:28-29 Come unto me, all [ye] that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. ... Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.
Hebrews 4:1-11 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. ... Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.
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Mt 11:28. Jn 1:17. He 4:1; 8:5; 9:9; 10:1.

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