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Colossians 2:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— having despoiled the principalities and the powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [And] having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [And] having despoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— having spoiled principalities and authorities, he made a show of them publicly, leading them in triumph by it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Spoiling the principalities and the authorities, he made of them an open example, celebrating a triumph over them thereby.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— having stripped the principalities and the authorities, he made a shew of them openly—having triumphed over them in it.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And despoiling the principalities and powers, he hath exposed them confidently in open shew, triumphing over them in himself.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hauing spoyled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing ouer them in it.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and by the yielding up of his body he hath prostrated principalities and powers, and hath shamed them openly by himself.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And, by yielding up his body, he showed contempt for principalities and authorities; and put them to shame, openly, in his own person.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[And] having spoiled 554
{0554} Prime
ἀπεκδύομαι
apekduomai
{ap-ek-doo'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G0575 and G1562; to divest wholly oneself, or (for oneself) despoil.
z5666
<5666> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 88
principalities 746
{0746} Prime
ἀρχή
arche
{ar-khay'}
From G0756; (properly abstract) a commencement, or (concrete) chief (in various applications of order, time, place or rank).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
powers, 1849
{1849} Prime
ἐξουσία
exousia
{ex-oo-see'-ah}
From G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, that is, (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence.
he made a shew x1165
(1165) Complement
δειγματίζω
deigmatizo
{digh-mat-id'-zo}
From G1164; to exhibit.
of them y1165
[1165] Standard
δειγματίζω
deigmatizo
{digh-mat-id'-zo}
From G1164; to exhibit.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
openly, 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
3954
{3954} Prime
παρρησία
parrhesia
{par-rhay-see'-ah}
From G3956 and a derivative of G4483; all out spokenness, that is, frankness, bluntness, publicity; by implication assurance.
triumphing over 2358
{2358} Prime
θριαμβεύω
thriambeuo
{three-am-byoo'-o}
From a prolonged compound of the base of G2360 and a derivative of G0680 (meaning a noisy iambus, sung in honor of Bacchus); to make an acclamatory procession, that is, (figuratively) to conquer or (by Hebraism) to give victory.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
it. y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Colossians 2:15

_ _ Alford, Ellicott, and others translate the Greek to accord with the translation of the same Greek, Colossians 3:9, “Stripping off from Himself the principalities and the powers:” God put off from Himself the angels, that is, their ministry, not employing them to be promulgators of the Gospel in the way that He had given the law by their “disposition” or ministry (Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19; Hebrews 2:2, Hebrews 2:5): God manifested Himself without a veil in Jesus. “THE principalities and THE powers” refers back to Colossians 2:10, Jesus, “the Head of all principality and power,” and Colossians 1:16. In the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross, God subjected all the principalities, etc., to Jesus, declaring them to be powerless as to His work and His people (Ephesians 1:21). Thus Paul’s argument against those grafting on Christianity Jewish observances, along with angel-worship, is, whatever part angels may be supposed to have had under the law, now at an end, God having put the legal dispensation itself away. But the objection is, that the context seems to refer to a triumph over bad angels: in 2 Corinthians 2:14, however, Christ’s triumph over those subjected to Him, is not a triumph for destruction, but for their salvation, so that good angels may be referred to (Colossians 1:20). But the Greek middle is susceptible of English Version, “having spoiled,” or, literally [Tittmann], “having completely stripped,” or “despoiled” for Himself (compare Romans 8:38; 1 Corinthians 15:24; Ephesians 6:2). English Version accords with Matthew 12:29; Luke 11:22; Hebrews 2:14. Translate as the Greek, “The rules and authorities.

_ _ made a show of them — at His ascension (see on Ephesians 4:8; confirming English Version of this verse).

_ _ openlyJohn 7:4; John 11:54, support English Version against Alford’s translation, “in openness of speech.”

_ _ in it — namely, His cross, or crucifixion: so the Greek fathers translate. Many of the Latins, “In Himself” or “in Him.” Ephesians 2:16 favors English Version, “reconcile ... by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby.” If “in Him,” that is, Christ, be read, still the Cross will be the place and means of God’s triumph in Christ over the principalities (Ephesians 1:20; Ephesians 2:5). Demons, like other angels, were in heaven up to Christ’s ascension, and influenced earth from their heavenly abodes. As heaven was not yet opened to man before Christ (John 3:13), so it was not yet shut against demons (Job 1:6; Job 2:1). But at the ascension Satan and his demons were “judged” and “cast out” by Christ’s obedience unto death (John 12:31; John 16:11; Hebrews 2:14; Revelation 12:5-10), and the Son of man was raised to the throne of God; thus His resurrection and ascension are a public solemn triumph over the principalities and powers of death. It is striking that the heathen oracles were silenced soon after Christ’s ascension.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Colossians 2:13-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Colossians 2:15

And having spoiled the principalities and powers — The evil angels, of their usurped dominion. He — God the Father. Exposed them openly — Before all the hosts of hell and heaven. Triumphing over them in or by him — By Christ. Thus the paragraph begins with Christ, goes on with him, and ends with him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Colossians 2:15

[And] having spoiled (u) principalities and powers, he (x) made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in (y) it.

(u) Satan and his angels.

(x) As a conqueror he made show of those captives, and put them to shame.

(y) That is, the cross. The cross was a chariot of triumph. No conqueror could have triumphed so gloriously in his chariot, as Christ did upon the cross.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
having:

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Psalms 68:18 Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, [for] the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell [among them].
Isaiah 49:24-25 Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the lawful captive delivered? ... But thus saith the LORD, Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken away, and the prey of the terrible shall be delivered: for I will contend with him that contendeth with thee, and I will save thy children.
Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Matthew 12:29 Or else how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man? and then he will spoil his house.
Luke 10:18 And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.
Luke 11:22 But when a stronger than he shall come upon him, and overcome him, he taketh from him all his armour wherein he trusted, and divideth his spoils.
John 12:31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out.
John 16:11 Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.
Ephesians 4:8 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.
Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Revelation 20:2-3 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, ... And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.
Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet [are], and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

principalities:

Colossians 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether [they be] thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:
2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high [places].

triumphing:

Luke 23:39-43 And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. ... And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
John 12:32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all [men] unto me.
John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
Acts 2:23-24 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain: ... Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
Acts 2:32-36 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. ... Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.

in it:
or, in himself
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:15. Ps 68:18. Is 49:24; 53:12. Mt 12:29. Lk 10:18; 11:22; 23:39. Jn 12:31, 32; 16:11; 19:30. Ac 2:23, 32. 2Co 4:4. Ep 4:8; 6:12. Col 1:16. He 2:14. Rv 12:9; 20:2, 10.

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