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Colossians 1:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And you, being in time past alienated and enemies in your mind in your evil works,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in [your] mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And although you were formerly alienated and hostile in mind, [engaged] in evil deeds,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And you, that were formerly alienated and enemies in [your] mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And you, who once were alienated and enemies in mind by wicked works, yet now has it reconciled
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, you, who at one time were estranged and enemies in your mind in your wicked works, yet, now, hath he fully reconciled,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And you—once being alienated, and enemies in the mind, in the evil works, yet now did he reconcile,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And you, whereas you were some time alienated and enemies in mind in evil works:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And you that were sometimes alienated, and enemies in your minde by wicked workes, yet now hath hee reconciled,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— YOU also, who before were aliens and adversaries in your minds by your evil works,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And also to you, who were before alienated and enemies in your minds, because of your evil deeds,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
you, 5209
{5209} Prime
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
that were 5607
{5607} Prime
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
sometime 4218
{4218} Prime
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
alienated 526
{0526} Prime
From G0575 and a derivative of G0245; to estrange away, that is, (passively and figuratively) to be non participant.
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
enemies 2190
{2190} Prime
From a primary word ἔχθω [[echtho]] (to hate); hateful (passively odious, or actively hostile); usually as a noun, an adversary (especially Satan).
in [your] mind 1271
{1271} Prime
From G1223 and G3563; deep thought, properly the faculty (mind or its disposition), by implication its exercise.
by 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
wicked 4190
{4190} Prime
From a derivative of G4192; hurtful, that is, evil (properly in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively calamitous; also (passively) ill, that is, diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, that is, derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners.
works, 2041
{2041} Prime
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
yet 1161
{1161} Prime
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
now 3570
{3570} Prime
A prolonged form of G3568 for emphasis; just now.
hath he reconciled 604
{0604} Prime
From G0575 and G2644; to reconcile fully.
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Colossians 1:21

_ _ The Colossians are included in this general reconciliation (compare Ephesians 2:1, Ephesians 2:12).

_ _ sometime — “once.”

_ _ alienated — from God and salvation: objectively banished from God, through the barrier which God’s justice interposed against your sin: subjectively estranged through the alienation of your own wills from God. The former is the prominent thought (compare Romans 5:10), as the second follows, “enemies in your mind.” “Actual alienation makes habitual ‘enemies’” [Bengel].

_ _ in your mindGreek, “in your understanding” or “thought” (Ephesians 2:3; Ephesians 4:18).

_ _ by wicked works — rather as Greek,in your wicked works” (wicked works were the element in which your enmity subsisted).

_ _ yet nowNotwithstanding the former alienation, now that Christ has come, God hath completely reconciled, or restored to His friendship again (so the Greek, compare Note, see on Colossians 1:20).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Colossians 1:12-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Colossians 1:21

And you that were alienated, and enemies — Actual alienation of affection makes habitual enmity. In your mind — Both your understanding and your affections. By wicked works — Which continually feed and increase inward alienation from, and enmity to, God. He hath now reconciled — From the moment ye believed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Colossians 1:21

(10) And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in [your] mind by wicked works, yet now hath (o) he reconciled

(10) Sanctification is another work of God in us by Christ, in that that he restored us (who hated God extremely and were wholly and willingly given to sin) to his gracious favour in such a way that he in addition purifies us with his Holy Spirit, and consecrates us to righteousness.

(o) The Son.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Romans 1:30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
Romans 5:9-10 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. ... For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
Romans 8:7-8 Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. ... So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.
1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, ... And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Ephesians 2:1-2 And you [hath he quickened], who were dead in trespasses and sins; ... Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:
Ephesians 2:12 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
Ephesians 2:19 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;
Ephesians 4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:
Titus 3:3-7 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another. ... That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
James 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.

in your mind by:
or, by your mind in,
Titus 1:15-16 Unto the pure all things [are] pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving [is] nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. ... They profess that they know God; but in works they deny [him], being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.
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Ro 1:30; 5:9; 8:7. 1Co 6:9. Ep 2:1, 12, 19; 4:18. Tit 1:15; 3:3. Jm 4:4.

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