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Colossians 1:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and he is before all things, and in him all things consist.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And *he* is before all, and all things subsist together by him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, he, is before all, and, they all, in him, hold together;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and himself is before all, and the all things in him have consisted.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he is before all: and by him all things consist.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and he is before all, and every thing by him subsisteth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and he was prior to all, and by him every thing exists.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
before 4253
{4253} Prime
πρό
pro
{pro}
A primary preposition; 'fore', that is, in front of, prior (figuratively superior) to. In compounds it retains the same significations.
all things, 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
consist. 4921
{4921} Prime
συνιστάω
sunistao
{soon-is-tah'-o}
From G4862 and G2476 (including its collateral forms); to set together, that is, (by implication) to introduce (favorably), or (figuratively) to exhibit; intransitively to stand near, or (figuratively) to constitute.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Colossians 1:17

_ _ (John 8:58.) Translate as Greek, “And He Himself (the great HE) is (implying divine essential being) before all things,” in time, as well as in dignity. Since He is before all things, He is before even time, that is, from eternity. Compare “the first-born of every creature” (Colossians 1:15).

_ _ by himGreek, “IN Him” (as the conditional element of existence, Colossians 1:16) [Alford].

_ _ consist — “subsist.” Not only are called into being from nothing, but are maintained in their present state. The Son of God is the Conserver, as well as the Creator of all things [Pearson]. Bengel less probably explains, “All things in Him come together into one system: the universe found its completion in Him” (Isaiah 41:4; Revelation 22:13). Compare as to God, Romans 11:36 : similar language; therefore Christ must be God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Colossians 1:12-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Colossians 1:17

And he is before all things — It is not said, he was: he is from everlasting to everlasting. And by him all things consist — The original expression not only implies, that he sustains all things in being, but more directly, All things were and are compacted in him into one system. He is the cement, as well as support, of the universe. And is he less than the supreme God?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he:

Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
Proverbs 8:22-23 The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. ... I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.
Isaiah 43:11-13 I, [even] I, [am] the LORD; and beside me [there is] no saviour. ... Yea, before the day [was] I [am] he; and [there is] none that can deliver out of my hand: I will work, and who shall let it?
Isaiah 44:6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I [am] the first, and I [am] the last; and beside me [there is] no God.
Micah 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting.
John 1:1-3 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. ... All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
John 8:58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.
John 17:5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.
1 Corinthians 8:6 But to us [there is but] one God, the Father, of whom [are] all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom [are] all things, and we by him.
Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
Revelation 1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.
Revelation 1:11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send [it] unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.
Revelation 1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:
Revelation 2:8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;

and by:

1 Samuel 2:8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, [and] lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set [them] among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth [are] the LORD'S, and he hath set the world upon them.
Psalms 75:3 The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved: I bear up the pillars of it. Selah.
John 5:17-18 But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work. ... Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.
Acts 17:28 For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring.
Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 2:8. Ps 75:3. Pv 8:22. Is 43:11; 44:6. Mi 5:2. Jn 1:1; 5:17; 8:58; 17:5. Ac 17:28. 1Co 8:6. Col 1:15. He 1:3; 13:8. Rv 1:8, 11, 17; 2:8.

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