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Amos 9:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out thence; and though they be hid from my sight in the bottom of the sea, thence will I command the serpent, and it shall bite them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out thence; and though they be hid from my sight in the bottom of the sea, thence will I command the serpent, and he shall bite them:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Though they hide on the summit of Carmel, I will search them out and take them from there; And though they conceal themselves from My sight on the floor of the sea, From there I will command the serpent and it will bite them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out thence; and though they are hid from my sight in the bottom of the sea, thence will I command the serpent, and he shall bite them:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and though they hide themselves on the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out thence; and though they be hid from my sight in the bottom of the sea, there will I command the serpent, and it shall bite them;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, from thence, will I search for them and take them,—and, though they conceal themselves from before mine eyes at the bottom of the sea, from thence, will I command the serpent and he shall bite them;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And if they be hid in the top of Carmel, From thence I search out, and have taken them, And if they be hid from Mine eyes in the bottom of the sea, From thence I command the serpent, And it hath bitten them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And though they be hid in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them away from thence: and though they hide themselves from my eyes in the depth of the sea, there will I command the serpent and he shall bite them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And though they hide themselues in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out thence, and though they be hid from my sight in the bottome of the Sea, thence will I commaund the serpent, and he shall bite them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— If they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, thence will I search [them] out and take them; and if they should go down from my presence into the depths of the sea, there will I command the serpent, and he shall bite them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And though they hide themselves in the top of Karmel, I will search and take them out thence; and though they be hid from my sight in the bottom of the sea, thence will I command the serpent, and he shall bite them:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And though x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
they hide y2244
[2244] Standard
חָבָא
chaba'
{khaw-baw'}
A primitive root (compare H2245); to secrete.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
themselves x2244
(2244) Complement
חָבָא
chaba'
{khaw-baw'}
A primitive root (compare H2245); to secrete.
in the top 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
of Carmel כַּרמֶל, 3760
{3760} Prime
כַּרְמֶל
Karmel
{kar-mel'}
The same as H3759; Karmel, the name of a hill and of a town in Palestine.
I will search 2664
{2664} Prime
חָפַשׂ
chaphas
{khaw-fas'}
A primitive root; to seek; causatively to conceal oneself (that is, let be sought), or mask.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
and take x3947
(3947) Complement
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
them out y3947
[3947] Standard
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thence; x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
and though x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
they be hid 5641
{5641} Prime
סָתַר
cathar
{saw-thar'}
A primitive root; to hide (by covering), literally or figuratively.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5048
(5048) Complement
נֶגֶד
neged
{neh'-ghed}
From H5046; a front, that is, part opposite; specifically a counterpart, or mate; usually (adverbially, especially with preposition) over against or before.
my sight 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
in the bottom 7172
{7172} Prime
קַרְקַע
qarqa`
{kar-kah'}
From H7167; floor (as if a pavement of pieces or tesserae), of a building or the sea.
of the sea, 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
thence x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
will I command 6680
{6680} Prime
צוּה
tsavah
{tsaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the serpent, 5175
{5175} Prime
נָחָשׁ
nachash
{naw-khawsh'}
From H5172; a snake (from its hiss).
and he shall bite 5391
{5391} Prime
נָשַׁךְ
nashak
{naw-shak'}
A primitive root; to strike with a sting (as a serpent); figuratively, to oppress with interest on a loan.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
them:
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Amos 9:3

_ _ Carmel — where the forests, and, on the west side, the caves, furnished hiding-places (Amos 1:2; Judges 6:2; 1 Samuel 13:6).

_ _ the sea — the Mediterranean, which flows at the foot of Mount Carmel; forming a strong antithesis to it.

_ _ command the serpent — the sea-serpent, a term used for any great water monster (Isaiah 27:1). The symbol of cruel and oppressive kings (Psalms 74:13, Psalms 74:14).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 9:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 9:3

The serpent — The crocodile or shark.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Amos 9:3

And though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out thence; and though they be hid from my sight in the bottom of the sea, thence will I command the (c) serpent, and he shall bite them:

(c) He shows that God will declare himself as an enemy to them in all places, and that his elements and all his creatures will be enemies to destroy them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
hide:

Job 34:22 [There is] no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
Jeremiah 23:23-24 [Am] I a God at hand, saith the LORD, and not a God afar off? ... Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the LORD.

hid:

Psalms 139:9-11 [If] I take the wings of the morning, [and] dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; ... If I say, Surely the darkness shall cover me; even the night shall be light about me.
Jeremiah 16:16 Behold, I will send for many fishers, saith the LORD, and they shall fish them; and after will I send for many hunters, and they shall hunt them from every mountain, and from every hill, and out of the holes of the rocks.

the serpent:

Isaiah 27:1 In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that [is] in the sea.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 34:22. Ps 139:9. Is 27:1. Jr 16:16; 23:23.

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