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Amos 8:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thus the Lord Jehovah showed me: and, behold, a basket of summer fruit.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thus hath the Lord GOD shewed unto me: and behold a basket of summer fruit.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Thus the Lord GOD showed me, and behold, [there was] a basket of summer fruit.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thus hath the Lord GOD shown to me: and behold a basket of summer fruit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thus did Jehovah shew unto me; and behold, a basket of summer-fruit.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Here, My Lord, Yahweh, gave me to see,—and lo! there was a basket of summer fruit.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thus hath the Lord Jehovah shewed me, and, lo, a basket of summer-fruit.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— These things the Lord shewed to me: and behold a hook to draw down the fruit.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thus hath the Lord GOD shewed vnto me, and beholde, a basket of Summer fruit.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And behold a fowler's basket.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thus hath Adonay Yahweh shewed unto me: and behold a basket of summer fruit.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thus x3541
(3541) Complement
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
hath ny אֲדֹנָי 136
{0136} Prime
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3069
{3069} Prime
A variation of H3068 (used after H0136, and pronounced by Jews as H0430, in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound, since they elsewhere pronounce H3068 as H0136).
shewed 7200
{7200} Prime
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
unto me: and behold x2009
(2009) Complement
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
a basket 3619
{3619} Prime
From the same as H3611; a bird trap (as furnished with a clapstick or treadle to spring it); hence a basket (as resembling a wicker cage).
of summer fruit. 7019
{7019} Prime
From H6972; harvest (as the crop), whether the product (grain or fruit) or the (dry) season.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Amos 8:1

_ _ Amos 8:1-14. Vision of a basket of summer fruit symbolical, of Israel’s end. Resuming the series of symbols interrupted by Amaziah, Amos adds a fourth. The avarice of the oppressors of the poor: The overthrow of the nation: The wish for the means of religious counsel, when there shall be a famine of the Word.

_ _ summer fruitHebrew, kitz. In Amos 8:2 “end” is in Hebrew, keetz. The similarity of sounds implies that, as the summer is the end of the year and the time of the ripeness of fruits, so Israel is ripe for her last punishment, ending her national existence. As the fruit is plucked when ripe from the tree, so Israel from her land.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Amos 8:1-3

_ _ The great reason why sinners defer their repentance de die in diemfrom day to day, is because they think God thus defers his judgments, and there is no song wherewith they so effectually sing themselves asleep as that, My Lord delays his coming; and therefore God, by his prophets, frequently represents to Israel the day of his wrath not only as just and certain, but as very near and hastening on apace; so he does in these verses.

_ _ I. The approach of the threatened ruin is represented by a basket of summer-fruit which Amos saw in vision; for the Lord showed it to him (Amos 8:1) and obliged him to take notice of it (Amos 8:2): Amos, what seest thou? Note, It concerns us to enquire whether we do indeed see that which God has been pleased to show us, and hear what he has been pleased to say to us; for many a thing God speaks, God shows once, yea twice, and men perceive it not. Are we in the midst of the visions of the Almighty? Let us consider what we see. He saw a basket of summer-fruit gathered and ready to be eaten, which signified, 1. That they were ripe for destruction, rotten ripe, and it was time for God to put in the sickle of his judgments and to cut them off; nay, the thing was in effect done already, and they lay ready to be eaten up. 2. That the year of God's patience was drawing towards a conclusion; it was autumn with them, and their year would quickly have its period in a dismal winter. 3. Those we call summer-fruits that will not keep till winter, but must be used immediately, an emblem of this people, that had nothing solid or consistent in them.

_ _ II. The intent and meaning of this vision is no more than this: It signifies that the end has come upon my people Israel. The word that signifies the end is ketz, which is of near affinity with kitz, the word used for summer-fruit. God has long spared them, and borne with them, but now his patience is tired out; they are indeed his people Israel, but their end, that latter end they have been so often reminded of, but have so long forgotten, has now come. Note, If sinners do not make an end of sin, God will make an end of them, yea though they be his people Israel. What was said Amos 7:8 is here repeated as God's determined resolution, I will not again pass by them any more; they shall not be connived at as they have been, nor the judgment coming turned away.

_ _ III. The consequence of this shall be a universal desolation (Amos 8:3): When the end shall come sorrow and death shall ride in triumph; they are accustomed to go together, and shall at length go away together, when in heaven there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, Revelation 21:4. But here in a sinful world, in a sinful nation, 1. Sorrow reigns, reigns to such a degree that the songs of the temple shall be howlings — the songs of God's temple at Jerusalem, or rather of their idol-temples, where they used, when, in honour of the golden calves, they had eaten and drunk, to rise up to play. They were perhaps wanton profane songs; and it is certain that sooner or later those will be turned into howlings. Or, if they had a sound and show of piety and religion, yet, not coming from the heart, nor being sung to the glory of God, he valued them not, but would justly turn them into howlings. Note, Mourning will follow sinful mirth, yea, and sacred mirth too, it if be not sincere. And, when God's judgments are abroad, they will soon turn the greatest joy into the greatest heaviness, the temple-songs, which used to sound so pleasantly, not only into sighs and groans, but into loud howlings, which sound dismally. They shall come to the temple, and, finding that in ruins, there they shall howl most bitterly. 2. Death reigns, reigns to such a degree that there shall be dead bodies, many dead bodies in every place (Psalms 110:6), slain by sword or pestilence, so many that the survivors shall not bury them with the usual pomp and solemnity of funerals; they shall not so much as have the bell tolled, but they shall cast them forth with silence, shall bury them in the dead of the night, and charge all about them to be silent and to take notice of it, either because they have not wherewithal to bear the charges of a funeral, or because, the killing disease being infectious, none will come near them, or for fear the enemy should be provoked, if they should be known to lament their slain. Or they shall charge themselves and one another silently to submit to the hand of God in these desolating judgments, and not to repine and quarrel with him. Or it may be taken not for a patient, but a sullen silence; their hearts shall be hardened, and all these judgments shall not extort from them one word of acknowledgment either of God's righteousness or their own unrighteousness.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Amos 7:1 Thus hath the Lord GOD shewed unto me; and, behold, he formed grasshoppers in the beginning of the shooting up of the latter growth; and, lo, [it was] the latter growth after the king's mowings.
Amos 7:4 Thus hath the Lord GOD shewed unto me: and, behold, the Lord GOD called to contend by fire, and it devoured the great deep, and did eat up a part.
Amos 7:7 Thus he shewed me: and, behold, the Lord stood upon a wall [made] by a plumbline, with a plumbline in his hand.
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