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Amos 6:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that sing idle songs to the sound of the viol; that invent for themselves instruments of music, like David;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That chant to the sound of the viol, [and] invent to themselves instruments of musick, like David;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Who improvise to the sound of the harp, [And] like David have composed songs for themselves,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That chant to the sound of the viol, [and] invent to themselves instruments of music, like David;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— that chant to the sound of the lute, [and] invent them instruments of music, like David;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who are bawling at the bidding of the harp,—like David, have they invented for themselves instruments of song:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Who are taking part according to the psaltery, Like David they invented for themselves instruments of music;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— You that sing to the sound of the psaltery: they have thought themselves to have instruments of music like David;
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That chaunt to the sound of the Uiole, [and] inuent to themselues instruments of musicke, like Dauid:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— who excel in the sound of musical instruments; they have regarded them as abiding, not as fleeting [pleasures];
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— That chant to the sound of the viol, [and] invent to themselves instruments of musick, like Dawid;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That chant 6527
{6527} Prime
A primitive root; to scatter words, that is, prate (or hum).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the sound 6310
{6310} Prime
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
of the viol, 5035
{5035} Prime
From H5034; a skin bag for liquids (from collapsing when empty); hence, a vase (as similar in shape when full); also a lyre (as having a body of like form).
[and] invent 2803
{2803} Prime
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to themselves instruments 3627
{3627} Prime
From H3615; something prepared, that is, any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon).
of musick, 7892
{7892} Prime
The second form being feminine; from H7891; a song; abstractly singing.
like Dwi דָּוִד; 1732
{1732} Prime
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Amos 6:5

_ _ chant — literally, “mark distinct sounds and tones.”

_ _ viol — the lyre, or lute.

_ _ invent ... instruments ... like David — They fancy they equal David in musical skill (1 Chronicles 23:5; Nehemiah 12:36). They defend their luxurious passion for music by his example: forgetting that he pursued this study when at peace and free from danger, and that for the praise of God; but they pursue for their own self-gratification, and that when God is angry and ruin is imminent.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 6:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 6:5

That chant — That in a time of deep mourning entertain themselves with songs, and musical instruments.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Amos 6:5

That chant to the sound of the viol, [and] invent to themselves instruments of musick, like (e) David;

(e) As he caused different types of instruments to be made to serve God's glory, so these did strive to invent as many to serve their unrestrained affections and lusts.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
or, quaver

to the:

Genesis 31:27 Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and steal away from me; and didst not tell me, that I might have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with tabret, and with harp?
Job 21:11-12 They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance. ... They take the timbrel and harp, and rejoice at the sound of the organ.
Ecclesiastes 2:8 I gathered me also silver and gold, and the peculiar treasure of kings and of the provinces: I gat me men singers and women singers, and the delights of the sons of men, [as] musical instruments, and that of all sorts.
Isaiah 5:12 And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands.
1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
Revelation 18:22 And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft [he be], shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee;


Amos 5:23 Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs; for I will not hear the melody of thy viols.
Amos 8:3 And the songs of the temple shall be howlings in that day, saith the Lord GOD: [there shall be] many dead bodies in every place; they shall cast [them] forth with silence.
1 Chronicles 23:5 Moreover four thousand [were] porters; and four thousand praised the LORD with the instruments which I made, [said David], to praise [therewith].
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Gn 31:27. 1Ch 23:5. Jb 21:11. Ec 2:8. Is 5:12. Am 5:23; 8:3. 1P 4:3. Rv 18:22.

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