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Amos 5:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Did ye bring unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Have ye offered unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Did you present Me with sacrifices and grain offerings in the wilderness for forty years, O house of Israel?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Have ye offered to me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Did ye bring unto me sacrifices and oblations in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The sacrifices and meal-offering, ye brought near unto me, in the desert, for forty years O house of Israel;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Sacrifices and offering did ye bring nigh to Me, In a wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Did you offer victims and sacrifices to me in the desert for forty years, O house of Israel?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Haue yee offered vnto mee sacrifices and offerings in the wildernesse fourtie yeeres, O house of Israel?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Have ye offered to me victims and sacrifices, O house of Israel, forty years in the wilderness?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Have ye offered unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Yisrael?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Have ye offered 5066
{5066} Prime
נגשׁ
nagash
{naw-gash'}
A primitive root; to be or come (causatively bring) near (for any purpose); euphemistically to lie with a woman; as an enemy, to attack; religiously to worship; causatively to present; figuratively to adduce an argument; by reversal, to stand back.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
unto me sacrifices 2077
{2077} Prime
זֶבַח
zebach
{zeh'-bakh}
From H2076; properly a slaughter, that is, the flesh of an animal; by implication a sacrifice (the victim or the act).
and offerings 4503
{4503} Prime
מִנְחָה
minchah
{min-khaw'}
From an unused root meaning to apportion, that is, bestow; a donation; euphemistically tribute; specifically a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary).
in the wilderness 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
forty 705
{0705} Prime
אַרְבָּעִים
'arba`iym
{ar-baw-eem'}
Multiple of H0702; forty.
years, 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
O house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל? 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Amos 5:25-26

_ _ Have ye offered? etc. — Yes: ye have. “But (all the time with strange inconsistency) ye have borne (aloft in solemn pomp) the tabernacle (that is, the portable shrine, or model tabernacle: small enough not to be detected by Moses; compare Acts 19:24) of your Molech” (that idol is “your” god; I am not, though ye go through the form of presenting offerings to Me). The question, “Have ye,” is not a denial (for they did offer in the wilderness to Jehovah sacrifices of the cattle which they took with them in their nomad life there, Exodus 24:4; Numbers 7:1-89; Numbers 9:1, etc.), but a strong affirmation (compare 1 Samuel 2:27, 1 Samuel 2:28; Jeremiah 31:20; Ezekiel 20:4). The sin of Israel in Amos’ time is the very sin of their forefathers, mocking God with worship, while at the same time worshipping idols (compare Ezekiel 20:39). It was clandestine in Moses’ time, else he would have put it down; he was aware generally of their unfaithfulness, though not knowing the particulars (Deuteronomy 31:21, Deuteronomy 31:27).

_ _ Molech ... Chiun — “Molech” means “king” answering to Mars [Bengel]; the Sun [Jablonski]; Saturn, the same as “Chiun” [Maurer]. The Septuagint translates “Chiun” into Remphan, as Stephen quotes it (Acts 7:42, Acts 7:43). The same god often had different names. Molech is the Ammonite name; Chiun, the Arabic and Persian name, written also Chevan. In an Arabic lexicon Chiun means “austere”; so astrologers represented Saturn as a planet baleful in his influence. Hence the Phoenicians offered human sacrifices to him, children especially; so idolatrous Israel also. Rimmon was the Syrian name (2 Kings 5:18); pronounced as Remvan, or “Remphan,” just as Chiun was also Chevan. Molech had the form of a king; Chevan, or Chiun, of a star [Grotius]. Remphan was the Egyptian name for Saturn: hence the Septuagint translator of Amos gave the Egyptian name for the Hebrew, being an Egyptian. [Hodius II, Deuteronomy Bibliorum Textibus Originalibus. 4.115]. The same as the Nile, of which the Egyptians made the star Saturn the representative [Harenberg]. Bengel considers Remphan or Rephan akin to Teraphim and Remphis, the name of a king of Egypt. The Hebrews became infected with Sabeanism, the oldest form of idolatry, the worship of the Saba or starry hosts, in their stay in the Arabian desert, where Job notices its prevalence (Job 31:26); in opposition, in Amos 5:27, Jehovah declares Himself “the God of hosts.

_ _ the star of your god — R. Isaac Caro says all the astrologers represented Saturn as the star of Israel. Probably there was a figure of a star on the head of the image of the idol, to represent the planet Saturn; hence “images” correspond to “star” in the parallel clause. A star in hieroglyphics represents God (Numbers 24:17). “Images” are either a Hebraism for “image,” or refer to the many images made to represent Chiun.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 5:21-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 5:25

Have ye — Their fathers and they, tho' at so great a distance of time, are one people, and so the prophet considers them. Unto me — Was it to me, or to your idols, that you offered, even in the wilderness?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Leviticus 17:7 And they shall no more offer their sacrifices unto devils, after whom they have gone a whoring. This shall be a statute for ever unto them throughout their generations.
Deuteronomy 32:17-19 They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new [gods that] came newly up, whom your fathers feared not. ... And when the LORD saw [it], he abhorred [them], because of the provoking of his sons, and of his daughters.
Joshua 24:14 Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD.
Nehemiah 9:18 Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This [is] thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations;
Nehemiah 9:21 Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, [so that] they lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old, and their feet swelled not.
Isaiah 43:23-24 Thou hast not brought me the small cattle of thy burnt offerings; neither hast thou honoured me with thy sacrifices. I have not caused thee to serve with an offering, nor wearied thee with incense. ... Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices: but thou hast made me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thine iniquities.
Ezekiel 20:8 But they rebelled against me, and would not hearken unto me: they did not every man cast away the abominations of their eyes, neither did they forsake the idols of Egypt: then I said, I will pour out my fury upon them, to accomplish my anger against them in the midst of the land of Egypt.
Ezekiel 20:16 Because they despised my judgments, and walked not in my statutes, but polluted my sabbaths: for their heart went after their idols.
Ezekiel 20:24 Because they had not executed my judgments, but had despised my statutes, and had polluted my sabbaths, and their eyes were after their fathers' idols.
Hosea 9:9-10 They have deeply corrupted [themselves], as in the days of Gibeah: [therefore] he will remember their iniquity, he will visit their sins. ... I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the firstripe in the fig tree at her first time: [but] they went to Baalpeor, and separated themselves unto [that] shame; and [their] abominations were according as they loved.
Zechariah 7:5 Speak unto all the people of the land, and to the priests, saying, When ye fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh [month], even those seventy years, did ye at all fast unto me, [even] to me?
Acts 7:42-43 Then God turned, and gave them up to worship the host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the prophets, O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me slain beasts and sacrifices [by the space of] forty years in the wilderness? ... Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 17:7. Dt 32:17. Jsh 24:14. Ne 9:18, 21. Is 43:23. Ezk 20:8, 16, 24. Ho 9:9. Zc 7:5. Ac 7:42.

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