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Amos 5:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Woe unto you that desire the day of Jehovah! Wherefore would ye have the day of Jehovah? It is darkness, and not light.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Woe unto you that desire the day of the LORD! to what end [is] it for you? the day of the LORD [is] darkness, and not light.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Alas, you who are longing for the day of the LORD, For what purpose [will] the day of the LORD [be] to you? It [will be] darkness and not light;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Woe to you that desire the day of the LORD! to what end [is] it for you? the day of the LORD [is] darkness, and not light.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Woe unto you that desire the day of Jehovah! To what end is the day of Jehovah for you? It shall be darkness and not light:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Alas for them who are longing for the day of Yahweh,—What good to you, is the day of Yahweh? it, being darkness and not light:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Ho, ye who are desiring the day of Jehovah, Why [is] this to you—the day of Jehovah? It is darkness, and not light,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Woe to them that desire the day of the Lord: to what end is it for you? the day of the Lord is darkness, and not light.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Woe vnto you that desire the day of the LORD: to what ende is it for you? the day of the LORD [is] darknes and not light.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Woe to you that desire the day of the Lord! what is this day of the Lord to you? whereas it is darkness, and not light.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Woe unto you that desire the day of Yahweh! to what end [is] it for you? the day of Yahweh [is] darkness, and not light.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Woe 1945
{1945} Prime
הוֹי
howy
{hoh'ee}
A prolonged form of H1930 (akin to H0188); oh!.
unto you that desire 183
{0183} Prime
אָוַה
'avah
{aw-vaw'}
A primitive root; to wish for.
z8693
<8693> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 139
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of Yhw יָהוֶה! 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
to what end 4100
{4100} Prime
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
[is] it x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
for you? the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[is] darkness, 2822
{2822} Prime
חֹשֶׁךְ
choshek
{kho-shek'}
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
and not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
light. 216
{0216} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Amos 5:18

_ _ Woe unto you who do not scruple to say in irony, “We desire that the day of the Lord would come,” that is, “Woe to you who treat it as if it were a mere dream of the prophets” (Isaiah 5:19; Jeremiah 17:15; Ezekiel 12:22).

_ _ to what end is it for you! — Amos taking their ironical words in earnest: for God often takes the blasphemer at his own word, in righteous retribution making the scoffer’s jest a terrible reality against himself. Ye have but little reason to desire the day of the Lord; for it will be to you calamity, and not joy.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 5:16-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 5:18

That desire — Scoffingly, not believing any such day would come. To what end — What do you think to get by it? Is darkness — All adversity, black and doleful. Not light — No joy, or comfort an it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Amos 5:18

Woe unto you that (k) desire the day of the LORD! to what end [is] it for you? the day of the LORD [is] darkness, and not light.

(k) He speaks in this way because the wicked and hypocrites said they were content to endure God's judgments, whereas the godly tremble and fear; (Jeremiah 30:7; Joel 2:2, Joel 2:11), (Zephaniah 1:15).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
desire:

Isaiah 5:19 That say, Let him make speed, [and] hasten his work, that we may see [it]: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know [it]!
Isaiah 28:15-22 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves: ... Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong: for I have heard from the Lord GOD of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole earth.
Jeremiah 17:15 Behold, they say unto me, Where [is] the word of the LORD? let it come now.
Ezekiel 12:22 Son of man, what [is] that proverb [that] ye have in the land of Israel, saying, The days are prolonged, and every vision faileth?
Ezekiel 12:27 Son of man, behold, [they of] the house of Israel say, The vision that he seeth [is] for many days [to come], and he prophesieth of the times [that are] far off.
Malachi 3:1-2 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts. ... But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he [is] like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap:
2 Peter 3:4 And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as [they were] from the beginning of the creation.

the day of the LORD[YHWH] is:

Isaiah 5:30 And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if [one] look unto the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.
Isaiah 9:19 Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shall spare his brother.
Isaiah 24:11-12 [There is] a crying for wine in the streets; all joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is gone. ... In the city is left desolation, and the gate is smitten with destruction.
Jeremiah 30:7 Alas! for that day [is] great, so that none [is] like it: it [is] even the time of Jacob's trouble; but he shall be saved out of it.
Joel 1:15 Alas for the day! for the day of the LORD [is] at hand, and as a destruction from the Almighty shall it come.
Joel 2:1-2 Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for [it is] nigh at hand; ... A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, [even] to the years of many generations.
Joel 2:10 The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:
Joel 2:31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
Zephaniah 1:14-15 The great day of the LORD [is] near, [it is] near, and hasteth greatly, [even] the voice of the day of the LORD: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly. ... That day [is] a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness,
Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
2 Peter 3:10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 5:19, 30; 9:19; 24:11; 28:15. Jr 17:15; 30:7. Ezk 12:22, 27. Jol 1:15; 2:1, 10, 31. Zp 1:14. Mal 3:1; 4:1. 2P 3:4, 10.

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