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Amos 5:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish justice in the gate: it may be that Jehovah, the God of hosts, will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that the LORD God of hosts will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Hate evil, love good, And establish justice in the gate! Perhaps the LORD God of hosts May be gracious to the remnant of Joseph.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that the LORD God of hosts will be gracious to the remnant of Joseph.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Hate evil, and love good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that Jehovah, the God of hosts, will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hate wrong, and love right, and station, Justice, in the gate,—Peradventure, Yahweh, God of hosts, will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hate evil, and love good, And set up judgment in the gate, It may be Jehovah, God of Hosts, doth pity the remnant of Joseph.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Hate evil, and love good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be the Lord the God of hosts may have mercy on the remnant of Joseph.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hate the euill, and loue the good, and establish iudgement in the gate: it may be that the LORD God of hostes will bee gracious vnto the remnant of Ioseph.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— We have hated evil, and loved good: and restore ye judgment in the gates; that the Lord God Almighty may have mercy on the remnant of Joseph.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that Yahweh Elohim Tzevaoth will be gracious unto the remnant of Yosef.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Hate 8130
{8130} Prime
שָׂנֵא
sane'
{saw-nay'}
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the evil, 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
and love 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the good, 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
and establish 3322
{3322} Prime
יָצַג
yatsag
{yaw-tsag'}
A primitive root; to place permanently.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
judgment 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
in the gate: 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
it may be x194
(0194) Complement
אוּלַי
'uwlay
{oo-lah'ee}
From H0176; if not; hence perhaps.
that Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Xv צְבָאוֹת 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
will be gracious 2603
{2603} Prime
חָנַן
chanan
{khaw-nan'}
A primitive root (compare H2583); properly to bend or stoop in kindness to an inferior; to favor, bestow; causatively to implore (that is, move to favor by petition).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto the remnant 7611
{7611} Prime
שְׁאֵרִית
sh@'eriyth
{sheh-ay-reeth'}
From H7604; a remainder or residual (surviving, final) portion.
of Ysf יוֹסֵף. 3130
{3130} Prime
יוֹסֵף
Yowceph
{yo-safe'}
Future of H3254; let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Amos 5:15

_ _ Hate ... evil ... love ... good — (Isaiah 1:16, Isaiah 1:17; Romans 12:9).

_ _ judgment in the gatejustice in the place where causes are tried.

_ _ it may be that the Lord ... will be gracious — so, “peradventure” (Exodus 32:30). Not that men are to come to God with an uncertainty whether or no He will be gracious: the expression merely implies the difficulty in the way, because of the want of true repentance on man’s part, so as to stimulate the zealous earnestness of believers in seeking God (compare Genesis 16:2; Joel 2:14; Acts 8:22).

_ _ the remnant of Joseph — (see Amos 5:6). Israel (represented by “Ephraim,” the leading tribe, and descendant of Joseph) was, as compared to what it once was, now but a remnant, Hazael of Syria having smitten all the coasts from Jordan eastward, Gilead and Bashan, Gad, Reuben, and Manasseh (2 Kings 10:32, 2 Kings 10:33) [Henderson]. Rather, “the remnant of Israel that shall have been left after the wicked have been destroyed” [Maurer].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 5:4-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 5:15

The evil — All evil among the people, and yourselves. Love — Commend, encourage, defend: let your heart be toward good things, and good men. Remnant — What the invasions of enemies, or the civil wars have spared, and left in Samaria and Israel.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hate:

Psalms 34:14 Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.
Psalms 36:4 He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way [that is] not good; he abhorreth not evil.
Psalms 37:27 Depart from evil, and do good; and dwell for evermore.
Psalms 97:10 Ye that love the LORD, hate evil: he preserveth the souls of his saints; he delivereth them out of the hand of the wicked.
Psalms 119:104 Through thy precepts I get understanding: therefore I hate every false way.
Psalms 139:21-22 Do not I hate them, O LORD, that hate thee? and am not I grieved with those that rise up against thee? ... I hate them with perfect hatred: I count them mine enemies.
Romans 7:15-16 For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. ... If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law that [it is] good.
Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
1 Thessalonians 5:21-22 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. ... Abstain from all appearance of evil.
3 John 1:11 Beloved, follow not that which is evil, but that which is good. He that doeth good is of God: but he that doeth evil hath not seen God.

establish:

Amos 5:10 They hate him that rebuketh in the gate, and they abhor him that speaketh uprightly.
Amos 5:24 But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.
Amos 6:12 Shall horses run upon the rock? will [one] plow [there] with oxen? for ye have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock:
2 Chronicles 19:6-11 And said to the judges, Take heed what ye do: for ye judge not for man, but for the LORD, who [is] with you in the judgment. ... And, behold, Amariah the chief priest [is] over you in all matters of the LORD; and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, for all the king's matters: also the Levites [shall be] officers before you. Deal courageously, and the LORD shall be with the good.
Psalms 82:2-4 How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah. ... Deliver the poor and needy: rid [them] out of the hand of the wicked.
Jeremiah 7:5-7 For if ye throughly amend your ways and your doings; if ye throughly execute judgment between a man and his neighbour; ... Then will I cause you to dwell in this place, in the land that I gave to your fathers, for ever and ever.

it may:

Exodus 32:30 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the LORD; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin.
2 Samuel 16:12 It may be that the LORD will look on mine affliction, and that the LORD will requite me good for his cursing this day.
1 Kings 20:31 And his servants said unto him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel [are] merciful kings: let us, I pray thee, put sackcloth on our loins, and ropes upon our heads, and go out to the king of Israel: peradventure he will save thy life.
2 Kings 19:4 It may be the LORD thy God will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God; and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up [thy] prayer for the remnant that are left.
Joel 2:14 Who knoweth [if] he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him; [even] a meat offering and a drink offering unto the LORD your God?
Jonah 3:9 Who can tell [if] God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

the remnant:

Amos 5:6 Seek the LORD, and ye shall live; lest he break out like fire in the house of Joseph, and devour [it], and [there be] none to quench [it] in Bethel.
2 Kings 13:7 Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.
2 Kings 14:26-27 For the LORD saw the affliction of Israel, [that it was] very bitter: for [there was] not any shut up, nor any left, nor any helper for Israel. ... And the LORD said not that he would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven: but he saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash.
2 Kings 15:29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.
Jeremiah 31:7 For thus saith the LORD; Sing with gladness for Jacob, and shout among the chief of the nations: publish ye, praise ye, and say, O LORD, save thy people, the remnant of Israel.
Micah 2:12 I will surely assemble, O Jacob, all of thee; I will surely gather the remnant of Israel; I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of their fold: they shall make great noise by reason of [the multitude of] men.
Micah 5:3 Therefore will he give them up, until the time [that] she which travaileth hath brought forth: then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel.
Micah 5:7-8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many people as a dew from the LORD, as the showers upon the grass, that tarrieth not for man, nor waiteth for the sons of men. ... And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest, as a young lion among the flocks of sheep: who, if he go through, both treadeth down, and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 32:30. 2S 16:12. 1K 20:31. 2K 13:7; 14:26; 15:29; 19:4. 2Ch 19:6. Ps 34:14; 36:4; 37:27; 82:2; 97:10; 119:104; 139:21. Jr 7:5; 31:7. Jol 2:14. Am 5:6, 10, 24; 6:12. Jna 3:9. Mi 2:12; 5:3, 7. Ro 7:15, 22; 8:7; 12:9. 1Th 5:21. 3Jn 1:11.

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