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Amos 5:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Forasmuch therefore as ye trample upon the poor, and take exactions from him of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink the wine thereof.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore because you impose heavy rent on the poor And exact a tribute of grain from them, [Though] you have built houses of well-hewn stone, Yet you will not live in them; You have planted pleasant vineyards, yet you will not drink their wine.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Forasmuch, therefore, as ye trample upon the poor, and take from him presents of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, and ye shall not drink the wine of them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore—because ye have trampled on the poor, and, the gift of corn, ye would take away from him, though, houses of hewn stone, ye have built, Yet shall ye not dwell in them,—Though, delightful vineyards, ye have planted, Yet shall ye not drink the wine of them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Therefore, because of your trampling on the poor, And the tribute of corn ye take from him, Houses of hewn work ye have built, And ye do not dwell in them, Desirable vineyards ye have planted, And ye do not drink their wine.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore because you robbed the poor, and took the choice prey from him: you shall build houses with square stone, and shall not dwell in them: you shall plant most delightful vineyards, and shall not drink the wine of them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Forasmuch therfore as your treading [is] vpon the poore, and ye take from him burdens of wheate, ye haue built houses of hewen stone, but ye shall not dwell in them: yee haue planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drinke wine of them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Therefore because they have smitten the poor with their fists, and ye have received of them choice gifts; ye have built polished houses, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted desirable vineyards, but ye shall not drink the wine of them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Forasmuch 3282
{3282} Prime
יַעַן
ya`an
{yah'-an}
From an unused root meaning to pay attention; properly heed; by implication purpose (sake or account); used adverbially to indicate the reason or cause.
therefore x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
as your treading 1318
{1318} Prime
בָּשַׁס
bashac
{baw-shas'}
A primitive root; to trample down.
z8780
<8780> Grammar
Stem - Poel (See H8845)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 5
[is] upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the poor, 1800
{1800} Prime
דַּל
dal
{dal}
From H1809; properly dangling, that is, (by implication) weak or thin.
and ye take 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
him burdens 4864
{4864} Prime
מַשְׂאֵת
mas'eth
{mas-ayth'}
From H5375; properly (abstractly) a raising (as of the hands in prayer), or rising (of flame); figuratively an utterance; concretely a beacon (as raised); a present (as taken), mess, or tribute; figuratively a reproach (as a burden).
of wheat: 1250
{1250} Prime
בָּר
bar
{bawr}
From H1305 (in the sense of winnowing); grain of any kind (even while standing in the field); by extension the open country.
ye have built 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
houses 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of hewn stone, 1496
{1496} Prime
גָּזִית
gaziyth
{gaw-zeeth'}
From H1491; something cut, that is, dressed stone.
but ye shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
dwell 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in them; ye have planted 5193
{5193} Prime
נָטַע
nata`
{naw-tah'}
A primitive root; properly to strike in, that is, fix; specifically to plant (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
pleasant 2531
{2531} Prime
חֶמֶד
chemed
{kheh'-med}
A primitive root; to delight in.
vineyards, 3754
{3754} Prime
כֶּרֶם
kerem
{keh'-rem}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; a garden or vineyard.
but ye shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
drink 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
wine 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
of them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Amos 5:11

_ _ burdens of wheatburdensome taxes levied in kind from the wheat of the needy, to pamper the lusts of the great [Henderson]. Or wheat advanced in time of scarcity, and exacted again at a burdensome interest [Rabbi Salomon].

_ _ built houses ... but not dwell in them ... vineyards, ... but not drink wine of them — according to the original prophecy of Moses (Deuteronomy 28:30, Deuteronomy 28:38, Deuteronomy 28:39). The converse shall be true in restored Israel (Amos 9:14; Isaiah 65:21, Isaiah 65:22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 5:4-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 5:11

Your treading — You utterly oppress the helpless. Ye take — Ye extort from the poor great quantities of wheat, on which he should live.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Amos 5:11

Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and (g) ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them.

(g) You take both his money and also his food, with which he should live.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
treading:

Amos 4:1 Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that [are] in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink.
Isaiah 5:7-8 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry. ... Woe unto them that join house to house, [that] lay field to field, till [there be] no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth!
Isaiah 59:13-14 In transgressing and lying against the LORD, and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood. ... And judgment is turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for truth is fallen in the street, and equity cannot enter.
Micah 2:2 And they covet fields, and take [them] by violence; and houses, and take [them] away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.
Micah 3:1-3 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and ye princes of the house of Israel; [Is it] not for you to know judgment? ... Who also eat the flesh of my people, and flay their skin from off them; and they break their bones, and chop them in pieces, as for the pot, and as flesh within the caldron.
James 2:6 But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?
Revelation 11:8-10 And their dead bodies [shall lie] in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. ... And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.

ye have built:

Deuteronomy 28:30 Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: thou shalt build an house, and thou shalt not dwell therein: thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not gather the grapes thereof.
Deuteronomy 28:38-39 Thou shalt carry much seed out into the field, and shalt gather [but] little in; for the locust shall consume it. ... Thou shalt plant vineyards, and dress [them], but shalt neither drink [of] the wine, nor gather [the grapes]; for the worms shall eat them.
Isaiah 65:21-22 And they shall build houses, and inhabit [them]; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them. ... They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as the days of a tree [are] the days of my people, and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands.
Micah 6:15 Thou shalt sow, but thou shalt not reap; thou shalt tread the olives, but thou shalt not anoint thee with oil; and sweet wine, but shalt not drink wine.
Zephaniah 1:13 Therefore their goods shall become a booty, and their houses a desolation: they shall also build houses, but not inhabit [them]; and they shall plant vineyards, but not drink the wine thereof.
Haggai 1:6 Ye have sown much, and bring in little; ye eat, but ye have not enough; ye drink, but ye are not filled with drink; ye clothe you, but there is none warm; and he that earneth wages earneth wages [to put it] into a bag with holes.

pleasant vineyards:
Heb. vineyards of desire
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 28:30, 38. Is 5:7; 59:13; 65:21. Am 4:1. Mi 2:2; 3:1; 6:15. Zp 1:13. Hg 1:6. Jm 2:6. Rv 11:8.

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