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Amos 4:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I also have withholden the rain from you, when there were yet three months to the harvest; and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And also I have withholden the rain from you, when [there were] yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Furthermore, I withheld the rain from you While [there were] still three months until harvest. Then I would send rain on one city And on another city I would not send rain; One part would be rained on, While the part not rained on would dry up.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And also I have withheld the rain from you, when [there were] yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece on which it rained not withered.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I also have withholden the rain from you, when there were yet three months to the harvest; and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece [of land] was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Moreover also, I, have withholden from you the abundant rain, when yet there were only three mouths to the harvest, Or I might rain upon one city, and, on another city, might not rain,—One portion, would be rained upon, and, the portion whereupon it should not rain, would be dried up;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I also—I have withheld from you the rain. While yet three months to harvest, And I have sent rain on one city, And on another city I do not send rain, One portion is rained on, And the portion on which it raineth not withereth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I also have withholden the rain from you, when there were yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon on city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon: and the piece whereupon I rained not, withered.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And also I haue withholden the raine from you, when [there were] yet three moneths to the haruest, and I caused it to raine vpon one citie, and caused it not to raine vpon an other city: one piece was rained vpon, & the piece wherupon it rained not, withered.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Also I withheld from you the rain three months before the harvest: and I will rain upon one city, and on another city I will not rain: one part shall be rained upon, and the part on which I shall not rain shall be dried up.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And also I have withholden the rain from you, when [there were] yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
I x595
(0595) Complement
אָנֹכִי
'anokiy
{aw-no-kee'}
A primitive pronoun; I.
have withholden 4513
{4513} Prime
מָנַע
mana`
{maw-nah'}
A primitive root; to debar (negatively or positively) from benefit or injury.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the rain 1653
{1653} Prime
גֶּשֶׁם
geshem
{gheh'-shem}
From H1652; a shower.
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
you, when [there were] yet x5750
(5750) Complement
עוֹד
`owd
{ode}
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
three 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
months 2320
{2320} Prime
חֹדֶשׁ
chodesh
{kho'-desh}
From H2318; the new moon; by implication a month.
to the harvest: 7105
{7105} Prime
קָצִיר
qatsiyr
{kaw-tseer'}
From H7114; severed, that is, harvest (as reaped), the crop, the time, the reaper, or figuratively; also a limb (of a tree, or simply foliage).
and I caused it to rain 4305
{4305} Prime
מטר
matar
{maw-tar'}
A primitive root; to rain.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
city, 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
and caused it not to rain 4305
{4305} Prime
מטר
matar
{maw-tar'}
A primitive root; to rain.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
another 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
city: 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
piece 2513
{2513} Prime
חֶלְקָה
chelqah
{khel-kaw'}
Feminine of H2506; properly smoothness; figuratively flattery; also an allotment.
was rained y4305
[4305] Standard
מטר
matar
{maw-tar'}
A primitive root; to rain.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
upon, x4305
(4305) Complement
מטר
matar
{maw-tar'}
A primitive root; to rain.
and the piece 2513
{2513} Prime
חֶלְקָה
chelqah
{khel-kaw'}
Feminine of H2506; properly smoothness; figuratively flattery; also an allotment.
whereupon x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
it rained 4305
{4305} Prime
מטר
matar
{maw-tar'}
A primitive root; to rain.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
withered. 3001
{3001} Prime
יָבֵשׁ
yabesh
{yaw-bashe'}
A primitive root; to be ashamed, confused or disappointed; also (as failing) to dry up (as water) or wither (as herbage).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Amos 4:6-11.


Amos 4:7

_ _ withholden ... rain ... three months to ... harvest — the time when rain was most needed, and when usually “the latter rain” fell, namely, in spring, the latter half of February, and the whole of March and April (Hosea 6:3; Joel 2:23). The drought meant is that mentioned in 1 Kings 17:1 [Grotius].

_ _ rain upon one city ... not ... upon another — Any rain that fell was only partial.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 4:6-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 4:7

When — At a season when your country most needed it. Upon one city — That you might see my hand in it, I gave rain to one city, and withheld it from the next; nay one part of the same field was watered and flourished: another part, dry and withered.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Amos 4:7

And also I have withholden the rain from you, when [there were] yet three (i) months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered.

(i) I stopped the rain until the fruits of the earth were destroyed with drought, and yet you would not consider to return to me by repentance.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I have:

Leviticus 26:18-21 And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins. ... And if ye walk contrary unto me, and will not hearken unto me; I will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins.
Leviticus 26:23-24 And if ye will not be reformed by me by these things, but will walk contrary unto me; ... Then will I also walk contrary unto you, and will punish you yet seven times for your sins.
Leviticus 26:27-28 And if ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but walk contrary unto me; ... Then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.
Deuteronomy 28:23-24 And thy heaven that [is] over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee [shall be] iron. ... The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed.
1 Kings 8:35-36 When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou afflictest them: ... Then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of thy servants, and of thy people Israel, that thou teach them the good way wherein they should walk, and give rain upon thy land, which thou hast given to thy people for an inheritance.
2 Chronicles 7:13-14 If I shut up heaven that there be no rain, or if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among my people; ... If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.
Isaiah 5:6 And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
Jeremiah 3:3 Therefore the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; and thou hadst a whore's forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed.
Jeremiah 5:24-25 Neither say they in their heart, Let us now fear the LORD our God, that giveth rain, both the former and the latter, in his season: he reserveth unto us the appointed weeks of the harvest. ... Your iniquities have turned away these [things], and your sins have withholden good [things] from you.
Jeremiah 14:4 Because the ground is chapt, for there was no rain in the earth, the plowmen were ashamed, they covered their heads.
Jeremiah 14:22 Are there [any] among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? [art] not thou he, O LORD our God? therefore we will wait upon thee: for thou hast made all these [things].
Haggai 1:10-11 Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed [from] her fruit. ... And I called for a drought upon the land, and upon the mountains, and upon the corn, and upon the new wine, and upon the oil, and upon [that] which the ground bringeth forth, and upon men, and upon cattle, and upon all the labour of the hands.
Zechariah 14:17 And it shall be, [that] whoso will not come up of [all] the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.
James 5:17 Elias was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months.
Revelation 11:6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.

when:

Joel 2:23 Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first [month].
John 4:35 Say not ye, There are yet four months, and [then] cometh harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest.

and I:

Exodus 8:22 And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which my people dwell, that no swarms [of flies] shall be there; to the end thou mayest know that I [am] the LORD in the midst of the earth.
Exodus 9:4 And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all [that is] the children's of Israel.
Exodus 9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel [were], was there no hail.
Exodus 10:23 They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.
Judges 6:37-40 Behold, I will put a fleece of wool in the floor; [and] if the dew be on the fleece only, and [it be] dry upon all the earth [beside], then shall I know that thou wilt save Israel by mine hand, as thou hast said. ... And God did so that night: for it was dry upon the fleece only, and there was dew on all the ground.
1 Corinthians 4:7 For who maketh thee to differ [from another]? and what hast thou that thou didst not receive? now if thou didst receive [it], why dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not received [it]?

and the:

Joel 1:10-18 The field is wasted, the land mourneth; for the corn is wasted: the new wine is dried up, the oil languisheth. ... How do the beasts groan! the herds of cattle are perplexed, because they have no pasture; yea, the flocks of sheep are made desolate.
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Ex 8:22; 9:4, 26; 10:23. Lv 26:18, 23, 27. Dt 28:23. Jg 6:37. 1K 8:35. 2Ch 7:13. Is 5:6. Jr 3:3; 5:24; 14:4, 22. Jol 1:10; 2:23. Hg 1:10. Zc 14:17. Jn 4:35. 1Co 4:7. Jm 5:17. Rv 11:6.

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