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Amos 4:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Come to Beth-el, and transgress; to Gilgal, [and] multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, [and] your tithes every three days;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Come to Bethel, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, [and] your tithes after three years:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Enter Bethel and transgress; In Gilgal multiply transgression! Bring your sacrifices every morning, Your tithes every three days.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Come to Beth-el and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, [and] your tithes after three years:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Come to Bethel, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices in the morning, your tithes every three days,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Enter ye Bethel, and transgress, At Gilgal, cause transgression, to abound,—Yea, carry in, every morning, your sacrifices, every three days, your tithes;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Enter ye Beth-El, and transgress, At Gilgal multiply transgression, And bring in every morning your sacrifices, Every third year your tithes.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Come ye to Bethel, and do wickedly: to Galgal, and multiply transgressions: and bring in the morning your victims, your tithes in three days.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Come to Bethel and transgresse, at Gilgal multiplie transgression; and bring your sacrifices euery morning, [and] your tithes after three [yeeres].
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Ye went into Bethel, and sinned, and ye multiplied sin at Gilgal{gr.Galgala}; and ye brought your meat-offerings in the morning, [and] your tithes every third day.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Come to Beth El, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, [and] your tithes after three years:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
to B l בֵּית־אֵל, 1008
{1008} Prime
בֵּית־אֵל
Beyth-'El
{bayth-ale'}
From H1004 and H0410; house of God; Beth-El, a place in Palestine.
and transgress; 6586
{6586} Prime
פָּשַׁע
pasha`
{paw-shah'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H6585 through the idea of expansion); to break away (from just authority), that is, trespass, apostatize, quarrel.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
at Gilgl גִּלגָּל 1537
{1537} Prime
גִּלְגָּל
Gilgal
{ghil-gawl'}
The same as H1536 (with the article as a properly noun); Gilgal, the name of three places in Palestine.
multiply 7235
{7235} Prime
רָבָה
rabah
{raw-baw'}
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
transgression; 6586
{6586} Prime
פָּשַׁע
pasha`
{paw-shah'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H6585 through the idea of expansion); to break away (from just authority), that is, trespass, apostatize, quarrel.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and bring 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
your sacrifices 2077
{2077} Prime
זֶבַח
zebach
{zeh'-bakh}
From H2076; properly a slaughter, that is, the flesh of an animal; by implication a sacrifice (the victim or the act).
every morning, 1242
{1242} Prime
בֹּקֶר
boqer
{bo'-ker}
From H1239; properly dawn (as the break of day); generally morning.
[and] your tithes 4643
{4643} Prime
מַעֲשֵׂר
ma`aser
{mah-as-ayr'}
From H6240; a tenth; especially a tithe.
after three 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
years: 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Amos 4:4

_ _ God gives them up to their self-willed idolatry, that they may see how unable their idols are to save them from their coming calamities. So Ezekiel 20:39.

_ _ Beth-el — (Amos 3:14).

_ _ Gilgal — (Hosea 4:15; Hosea 9:15; Hosea 12:11).

_ _ sacrifices every morning — as commanded in the law (Numbers 28:3, Numbers 28:4). They imitated the letter, while violating by calf-worship the spirit, of the Jerusalem temple-worship.

_ _ after three years — every third year; literally, “after three (years of) days” (that is, the fullest complement of days, or a year); “after three full years.” Compare Leviticus 25:20; Judges 17:10, and “the days” for the years, Joel 1:2. So a month of days is used for a full month, wanting no day to complete it (Genesis 29:14, Margin; Numbers 11:20, Numbers 11:21). The Israelites here also kept to the letter of the law in bringing in the tithes of their increase every third year (Deuteronomy 14:28; Deuteronomy 26:12).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 4:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 4:4

Come to Beth — el — A strong irony, giving them over as incorrigible. At Gilgal — Gilgal was a place where much idolatry was acted. Every morning — In the same irony God reproves their sins tho' they imitated the instituted worship at Jerusalem. Three years — God had Deuteronomy 14:28, commanded every third year that all the tithe of that year should be brought, and laid up in a publick store — house.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Amos 4:4

Come to (d) Bethel, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, [and] your tithes after three (e) years:

(d) He speaks this in contempt of those who resorted to those places, thinking that their great devotion and good intention was sufficient to have bound God to them.

(e) Read (Deuteronomy 14:28).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Come:
A bitter irony and sarcasm, addressed to the idolatrous Israelites.
Amos 3:14 That in the day that I shall visit the transgressions of Israel upon him I will also visit the altars of Bethel: and the horns of the altar shall be cut off, and fall to the ground.
Ecclesiastes 11:9 Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth; and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but know thou, that for all these [things] God will bring thee into judgment.
Ezekiel 20:39 As for you, O house of Israel, thus saith the Lord GOD; Go ye, serve ye every one his idols, and hereafter [also], if ye will not hearken unto me: but pollute ye my holy name no more with your gifts, and with your idols.
Joel 3:9-12 Proclaim ye this among the Gentiles; Prepare war, wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war draw near; let them come up: ... Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about.
Matthew 23:32 Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.
Matthew 26:45 Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take [your] rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
Mark 14:41 And he cometh the third time, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take [your] rest: it is enough, the hour is come; behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

at Gilgal:

Amos 5:5 But seek not Bethel, nor enter into Gilgal, and pass not to Beersheba: for Gilgal shall surely go into captivity, and Bethel shall come to nought.
Hosea 4:15 Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, [yet] let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven, nor swear, The LORD liveth.
Hosea 9:15 All their wickedness [is] in Gilgal: for there I hated them: for the wickedness of their doings I will drive them out of mine house, I will love them no more: all their princes [are] revolters.
Hosea 12:11 [Is there] iniquity [in] Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars [are] as heaps in the furrows of the fields.

and bring:

Numbers 28:3-4 And thou shalt say unto them, This [is] the offering made by fire which ye shall offer unto the LORD; two lambs of the first year without spot day by day, [for] a continual burnt offering. ... The one lamb shalt thou offer in the morning, and the other lamb shalt thou offer at even;

and your:

Deuteronomy 14:28-29 At the end of three years thou shalt bring forth all the tithe of thine increase the same year, and shalt lay [it] up within thy gates: ... And the Levite, (because he hath no part nor inheritance with thee,) and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, which [are] within thy gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hand which thou doest.
Deuteronomy 26:12 When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thine increase the third year, [which is] the year of tithing, and hast given [it] unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled;

three years:
Heb. three years of days
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 28:3. Dt 14:28; 26:12. Ec 11:9. Ezk 20:39. Ho 4:15; 9:15; 12:11. Jol 3:9. Am 3:14; 5:5. Mt 23:32; 26:45. Mk 14:41.

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