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Amos 4:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I have overthrown [cities] among you, as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a brand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I have overthrown [some] of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I overthrew you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, And you were like a firebrand snatched from a blaze; Yet you have not returned to Me,” declares the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I have overthrown [some] of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a fire-brand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned to me, saith the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I have overthrown among you, like God's overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a brand plucked out of the burning; yet have ye not returned unto me, saith Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I have made an overthrew among you, like the divine overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye have become like a brand snatched out of the burning,—Yet hate ye not returned unto me, Declareth Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have overturned among you, Like the overturn by God of Sodom and Gomorrah, And ye are as a brand delivered from a burning, And ye have not turned back unto Me, An affirmation of Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I destroyed some of you, as God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrha, and you were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet you returned not to me, saith the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I haue ouerthrowen [some] of you, as God ouerthrew Sodome & Gomorrah, and yee were as a firebrand pluckt out of the burning: yet haue yee not returned vnto me, saith the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I overthrew you, as God overthrew Sodoma and Gomorrah{gr.Gomorrha}, and ye became as a brand plucked out of the fire: yet not even thus did ye return to me, saith the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I have overthrown [some] of you, as Elohim overthrew Sedom and Amorah, and ye were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I have overthrown 2015
{2015} Prime
הָפַךְ
haphak
{haw-fak'}
A primitive root; to turn about or over; by implication to change, overturn, return, pervert.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[some] of you, as lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
overthrew 4114
{4114} Prime
מַהְפֵּכָה
mahpekah
{mah-pay-kaw'}
From H2015; a destruction.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Sm סְדֹם 5467
{5467} Prime
סְדֹם
C@dom
{sed-ome'}
From an unused root meaning to scorch; burnt (that is, volcanic or bituminous) district; Sedom, a place near the Dead Sea.
and `mr עֲמֹרָה, 6017
{6017} Prime
עֲמֹרָה
`Amorah
{am-o-raw'}
From H6014; a (ruined) heap; Amorah, a place in Palestine.
and ye were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
as a firebrand 181
{0181} Prime
אוּד
'uwd
{ood}
From an unused root meaning to rake together; a poker (for turning or gathering embers).
plucked x5337
(5337) Complement
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
out y5337
[5337] Standard
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
z8716
<8716> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 113
of the burning: 8316
{8316} Prime
שְׂרֵפָה
s@rephah
{ser-ay-faw'}
From H8313; cremation.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
yet have ye not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
returned 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
me, saith 5002
{5002} Prime
נְאֻם
n@'um
{neh-oom'}
From H5001; an oracle.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Amos 4:6-11.


Amos 4:11

_ _ some of you — some parts of your territory.

_ _ as God overthrew Sodom — (Deuteronomy 29:23; Isaiah 13:19; Jeremiah 49:18; Jeremiah 50:40; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7). “God” is often repeated in Hebrew instead of “I.” The earthquake here apparently alluded to is not that in the reign of Uzziah, which occurred “two years” later (Amos 1:1). Traces of earthquakes and volcanic agency abound in Palestine. The allusion here is to some of the effects of these in previous times. Compare the prophecy, Deuteronomy 28:15-68, with Amos 4:6-11 here.

_ _ as a firebrand plucked out of ... burning — (Compare Isaiah 7:4; Zechariah 3:2). The phrase is proverbial for a narrow escape from utter extinction. Though Israel revived as a nation under Jeroboam II, it was but for a time, and that after an almost utter destruction previously (2 Kings 14:26).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 4:6-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 4:11

Overthrew — By grievous and desolating judgments. As a fire — brand — Such of you as escaped were yet as fire — brands in the midst of the fire, 'till infinite mercy saved a remnant.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Amos 4:11

I have overthrown [some] of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a (m) firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.

(m) You were almost all consumed, and a few of you were wonderfully preserved; (2 Kings 14:26).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as God:

Genesis 19:24-25 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; ... And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.
Isaiah 13:19 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.
Jeremiah 49:18 As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour [cities] thereof, saith the LORD, no man shall abide there, neither shall a son of man dwell in it.
Hosea 11:8 How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? [how] shall I deliver thee, Israel? how shall I make thee as Admah? [how] shall I set thee as Zeboim? mine heart is turned within me, my repentings are kindled together.
2 Peter 2:6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;
Jude 1:7 Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.

as a:

Zechariah 3:2 And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: [is] not this a brand plucked out of the fire?
1 Corinthians 3:15 If any man's work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.
Jude 1:23 And others save with fear, pulling [them] out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.

yet:

Amos 4:6 And I also have given you cleanness of teeth in all your cities, and want of bread in all your places: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 6:28-30 They [are] all grievous revolters, walking with slanders: [they are] brass and iron; they [are] all corrupters. ... Reprobate silver shall [men] call them, because the LORD hath rejected them.
Ezekiel 22:17-22 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, ... As silver is melted in the midst of the furnace, so shall ye be melted in the midst thereof; and ye shall know that I the LORD have poured out my fury upon you.
Ezekiel 24:13 In thy filthiness [is] lewdness: because I have purged thee, and thou wast not purged, thou shalt not be purged from thy filthiness any more, till I have caused my fury to rest upon thee.
Revelation 9:20 And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 19:24. Is 13:19. Jr 6:28; 49:18. Ezk 22:17; 24:13. Ho 11:8. Am 4:6. Zc 3:2. 1Co 3:15. 2P 2:6. Jde 1:7, 23. Rv 9:20.

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