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Amos 3:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thus saith Jehovah: As the shepherd rescueth out of the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear, so shall the children of Israel be rescued that sit in Samaria in the corner of a couch, and on the silken cushions of a bed.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thus saith the LORD; As the shepherd taketh out of the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear; so shall the children of Israel be taken out that dwell in Samaria in the corner of a bed, and in Damascus [in] a couch.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Thus says the LORD, “Just as the shepherd snatches from the lion’s mouth a couple of legs or a piece of an ear, So will the sons of Israel dwelling in Samaria be snatched away— With [the] corner of a bed and [the] cover of a couch!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thus saith the LORD: As the shepherd taketh out of the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear; so shall the children of Israel be taken out that dwell in Samaria in the corner of a bed, and in Damascus [in] a couch.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thus saith Jehovah: Like as the shepherd rescueth out of the jaw of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear; so shall the children of Israel be rescued that sit in Samaria in the corner of a couch, and upon the damask of a bed.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thus, saith Yahweh, Just as a shepherd rescueth, out of the mouth of the lion, a couple of shankbones, or the tip of an ear, so, shall be rescued the sons of Israel, who are tarrying in Samaria, in the corner of the divan, and on the damask of the luxurious couch.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thus said Jehovah: As the shepherd delivereth from the lion's mouth Two legs, or a piece of an ear, So delivered are the sons of Israel, Who are sitting in Samaria on the corner of a bed, And in Damascus [on that of] a couch.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thus saith the Lord: As if a shepherd should get out of the lion's mouth two legs, or the tip of the ear: so shall the children of Israel be taken out that dwell in Samaria, in a place of a bed, and in the couch of Damascus.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thus saith the LORD, As the shepheard taketh out of the mouth of the lyon two legges or a piece of an eare; so shall the children of Israel be taken out that dwell in Samaria, in the corner of a bed, and in Damascus [in] a couch.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thus saith the Lord; As when a shepherd rescues from the mouth of a lion two legs or a piece of an ear, so shall be drawn forth the children of Israel who dwell in Samaria in the presence of [a foreign] tribe, and in Damascus.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thus saith Yahweh; As the shepherd taketh out of the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear; so shall the children of Yisrael be taken out that dwell in Shomron in the corner of a bed, and in Dammaseq [in] a couch.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thus x3541
(3541) Complement
כֹּה
koh
{ko}
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה; 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
As x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
the shepherd 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
taketh x5337
(5337) Complement
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
out y5337
[5337] Standard
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
of the mouth 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the lion 738
{0738} Prime
אַרִי
'ariy
{ar-ee'}
From H0717 (in the sense of violence); a lion.
two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
legs, 3767
{3767} Prime
כָּרָע
kara`
{kaw-raw'}
From H3766; the leg (from the knee to the ankle) of men or locusts (only in the dual).
or x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
a piece 915
{0915} Prime
בָּדָל
badal
{baw-dawl'}
From H0914; a part.
of an ear; 241
{0241} Prime
אֹזֶן
'ozen
{o'-zen}
From H0238; broadness, that is, (concretely) the ear (from its form in man).
so x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
shall the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
be taken out 5337
{5337} Prime
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
that dwell 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in mrn שֹׁמרוֹן 8111
{8111} Prime
שֹׁמְרוֹן
Shom@rown
{sho-mer-one'}
From the active participle of H8104; watch station; Shomeron, a place in Palestine.
in the corner 6285
{6285} Prime
פֵּאָה
pe'ah
{pay-aw'}
Feminine of H6311; properly mouth in a figurative sense, that is, direction, region, extremity.
of a bed, 4296
{4296} Prime
מִטָּה
mittah
{mit-taw'}
From H5186; a bed (as extended) for sleeping or eating; by analogy a sofa, litter or bier.
and in Damm$ek דַּמָּשֶׂק 1833
{1833} Prime
דְּמֶּשֶׁק
d@mesheq
{dem-eh'-shek}
By orthographical variation from H1834; damask (as a fabric of Damascus).
[in] a couch. 6210
{6210} Prime
עֶרֶשׂ
`eres
{eh'-res}
From an unused root meaning perhaps to arch; a couch (properly with a canopy).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Amos 3:12

_ _ shepherd — a pastoral image, appropriately used by Amos, a shepherd himself.

_ _ piece of ... ear — brought by the shepherd to the owner of the sheep, so as not to have to pay for the loss (Genesis 31:39; Exodus 22:13). So if aught of Israel escapes, it shall be a miracle of God’s goodness. It shall be but a scanty remnant. There is a kind of goat in the East the ears of which are a foot long, and proportionally broad. Perhaps the reference is to this. Compare on the image 1 Samuel 17:34, 1 Samuel 17:35; 2 Timothy 4:17.

_ _ that dwell in Samaria in the corner of a bed — that is, that live luxuriously in Samaria (compare Amos 6:1, Amos 6:4). “A bed” means here the Oriental divan, a raised part of the room covered with cushions.

_ _ in Damascus in a couch — Jeroboam II had lately restored Damascus to Israel (2 Kings 14:25, 2 Kings 14:28). So the Israelites are represented as not merely in “the corner of a bed,” as in Samaria, but “in a (whole) couch,” at Damascus, living in luxurious ease. Of these, now so luxurious, soon but a remnant shall be left by the foe. The destruction of Damascus and that of Samaria shall be conjoined; as here their luxurious lives, and subsequently under Pekah and Rezin their inroads on Judah, were combined (Isaiah 7:1-8; Isaiah 8:4, Isaiah 8:9; Isaiah 17:3). The parallelism of “Samaria” to “Damascus,” and the Septuagint favor English Version rather than Gesenius: “on a damask couch.” The Hebrew pointing, though generally expressing damask, may express the city “Damascus”; and many manuscripts point it so. Compare for Israel’s overthrow, 2 Kings 17:5, 2 Kings 17:6; 2 Kings 18:9-12.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 3:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 3:12

As the shepherd — As the shepherd doth hardly rescue a small part of a sheep or lamb from the lion, so a small part of the children of Israel, shall escape when Samaria is taken. The corner of a bed — Lying in some dark corner. Damascus — The chief city of Syria taken by Tiglath — Pilneser about the time when he wasted Israel. In a couch — Some few of the poor, shall escape, pitied by the enemy, when he finds them sick upon their couch.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Amos 3:12

Thus saith the LORD; As the shepherd taketh (m) out of the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear; so shall the children of Israel be taken out that dwell in Samaria in the corner of a bed, and in (n) Damascus [in] a couch.

(m) When the lion has satisfied his hunger, the shepherd finds a leg or a piece of an ear, to show that the sheep have been torn by his teeth.

(n) Where they thought to have had a sure stronghold, and to have been in safety.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
As the:

1 Samuel 17:34-37 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock: ... David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with thee.
Isaiah 31:4 For thus hath the LORD spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him, [he] will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them: so shall the LORD of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof.

taketh:
Heb. delivereth

so shall:

Amos 9:2-3 Though they dig into hell, thence shall mine hand take them; though they climb up to heaven, thence will I bring them down: ... And though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out thence; and though they be hid from my sight in the bottom of the sea, thence will I command the serpent, and he shall bite them:
1 Kings 20:30 But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and [there] a wall fell upon twenty and seven thousand of the men [that were] left. And Benhadad fled, and came into the city, into an inner chamber.
1 Kings 22:25 And Micaiah said, Behold, thou shalt see in that day, when thou shalt go into an inner chamber to hide thyself.
Isaiah 8:4 For before the child shall have knowledge to cry, My father, and my mother, the riches of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria shall be taken away before the king of Assyria.
Isaiah 17:1-4 The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from [being] a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap. ... And in that day it shall come to pass, [that] the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.
Romans 11:4-5 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to [the image of] Baal. ... Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace.

in Damascus in a couch:
or, on the bed's feet,
1 Kings 20:34 And [Benhadad] said unto him, The cities, which my father took from thy father, I will restore; and thou shalt make streets for thee in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria. Then [said Ahab], I will send thee away with this covenant. So he made a covenant with him, and sent him away.
2 Kings 16:9 And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried [the people of] it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin.
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1S 17:34. 1K 20:30, 34; 22:25. 2K 16:9. Is 8:4; 17:1; 31:4. Am 9:2. Ro 11:4.

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