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Amos 2:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and they lay themselves down beside every altar upon clothes taken in pledge; and in the house of their God they drink the wine of such as have been fined.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they lay [themselves] down upon clothes laid to pledge by every altar, and they drink the wine of the condemned [in] the house of their god.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “On garments taken as pledges they stretch out beside every altar, And in the house of their God they drink the wine of those who have been fined.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they lay [themselves] down upon clothes laid to pledge by every altar, and they drink the wine of the condemned [in] the house of their god.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they lay [themselves] down by every altar upon clothes taken in pledge, and they drink [in] the house of their God the wine of the condemned.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, on pledged garments, they recline, beside every altar,—and, exacted wine, do they drink, in the house of their God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And on pledged garments they stretch themselves near every altar, And the wine of fined ones they drink [in] the house of their gods.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they sat down upon garments laid to pledge by every altar: and drank the wine of the condemned in the house of their God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they lay themselues downe vpon clothes laide to pledge, by euery Altar, and they drinke the wine of the condemned [in] the house of their God.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And binding their clothes with cords they have made them curtains near the altar, and they have drunk wine gained by extortion in the house of their God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they lay [themselves] down upon clothes laid to pledge by every altar, and they drink the wine of the condemned [in] the house of their elohim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they lay [themselves] down 5186
{5186} Prime
נָטָה
natah
{naw-taw'}
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
clothes 899
{0899} Prime
בֶּגֶד
beged
{behg'-ed}
From H0898; a covering, that is, clothing; also treachery or pillage.
laid to pledge 2254
{2254} Prime
חָבַל
chabal
{khaw-bal'}
A primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), that is, to bind; specifically by a pledge; figuratively to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
by 681
{0681} Prime
אֵצֶל
'etsel
{ay'-tsel}
From H0680 (in the sense of joining); a side; (as a preposition) near.
every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
altar, 4196
{4196} Prime
מִזְבֵּחַ
mizbeach
{miz-bay'-akh}
From H2076; an altar.
and they drink 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the wine 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
of the condemned 6064
{6064} Prime
עָנַשׁ
`anash
{aw-nash'}
A primitive root; properly to urge; by implication to inflict a penalty, specifically to fine.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
[in] the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of their lhm אֱלֹהִים. 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Amos 2:8

_ _ lay themselves ... upon clothes laid to pledge — the outer garment, which Exodus 22:25-27 ordered to be restored to the poor man before sunset, as being his only covering. It aggravated the crime that they lay on these clothes in an idol temple.

_ _ by every altar — They partook in a recumbent posture of their idolatrous feasts; the ancients being in the habit of reclining at full length in eating, the upper part of the body resting on the left elbow, not sitting as we do.

_ _ drink ... wine of the condemned — that is, wine bought with the money of those whom they unjustly fined.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 2:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 2:8

Lay down — The Jews of old did not sit upright at their meals, but leaned on one side. Upon clothes — Of which the law had expressly said, none should detain them all night, Deuteronomy 24:12-13. Every altar — Of their idols. Drink the wine — They offer their drink — offerings in wine, which they bought with the fines laid on the innocent.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Amos 2:8

And they lay [themselves] down upon clothes laid to pledge (f) by every altar, and they (g) drink the wine of the condemned [in] the house of their god.

(f) Thinking that by these ceremonies, that is, by sacrificing, and by being near my altar, they may excuse all of their other wickedness.

(g) They rob others and offer it to God, thinking that he will exempt them, when he is made partaker of their iniquity.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
laid:

Exodus 22:26-27 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down: ... For that [is] his covering only, it [is] his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I [am] gracious.
Deuteronomy 24:12-17 And if the man [be] poor, thou shalt not sleep with his pledge: ... Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, [nor] of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:
Ezekiel 18:7 And hath not oppressed any, [but] hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;
Ezekiel 18:12 Hath oppressed the poor and needy, hath spoiled by violence, hath not restored the pledge, and hath lifted up his eyes to the idols, hath committed abomination,

by:

Amos 6:4 That lie upon beds of ivory, and stretch themselves upon their couches, and eat the lambs out of the flock, and the calves out of the midst of the stall;
Isaiah 57:7 Upon a lofty and high mountain hast thou set thy bed: even thither wentest thou up to offer sacrifice.
Ezekiel 23:41 And satest upon a stately bed, and a table prepared before it, whereupon thou hast set mine incense and mine oil.
1 Corinthians 8:10 For if any man see thee which hast knowledge sit at meat in the idol's temple, shall not the conscience of him which is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols;
1 Corinthians 10:7 Neither be ye idolaters, as [were] some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.
1 Corinthians 10:21 Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.

they drink:

Amos 6:6 That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments: but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph.
Judges 9:27 And they went out into the fields, and gathered their vineyards, and trode [the grapes], and made merry, and went into the house of their god, and did eat and drink, and cursed Abimelech.
Hosea 4:8 They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity.

the condemned:
or, such as have fined, or, mulcted
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 22:26. Dt 24:12. Jg 9:27. Is 57:7. Ezk 18:7, 12; 23:41. Ho 4:8. Am 6:4, 6. 1Co 8:10; 10:7, 21.

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