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Amos 1:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, and it shall devour the palaces of Ben-hadad.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall devour the palaces of Benhadad.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “So I will send fire upon the house of Hazael And it will consume the citadels of Ben-hadad.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall devour the palaces of Ben-hadad.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, and it shall devour the palaces of Ben-Hadad.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore will send a fire, into the house of Hazael,—which shall devour the palaces of Ben-hadad;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I have sent a fire against the house of Hazael, And it hath consumed the palaces of Ben-Hadad.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I will send a fire into the house of Azael, and it shall devour the houses of Benadad.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall deuoure the palaces of Benhadad.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will send a fire on the house of Hazael{gr.Azael}, and it shall devour the foundations of the son of Hadad{gr.Ader}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But I will send a fire into the house of Chazael, which shall devour the palaces of Ben Hadad.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But I will send 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
a fire 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
into the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of zl חֲזָאֵל, 2371
{2371} Prime
חֲזָאֵל
Chaza'el
{khaz-aw-ale'}
From H2372 and H0410; God has seen; Chazael, a king of Syria.
which shall devour 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the palaces 759
{0759} Prime
אַרְמוֹן
'armown
{ar-mone'}
From an unused root (meaning to be elevated); a citadel (from its height).
of Ben Ha בֶּן־הֲדַד. 1130
{1130} Prime
בֶּן־הֲדַד
Ben-Hadad
{ben-had-ad'}
From H1121 and H1908; son of Hadad; Ben Hadad, the name of several Syrian kings.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Amos 1:4

_ _ Hazael ... Ben-hadad — A black marble obelisk found in the central palace of Nimroud, and now in the British Museum, is inscribed with the names of Hazael and Ben-hadad of Syria, as well as Jehu of Israel, mentioned as tributaries of “Shalmanubar,” king of Assyria. The kind of tribute from Jehu is mentioned: gold, pearls, precious oil, etc. [G. V. Smith]. The Ben-hadad here is the son of Hazael (2 Kings 13:3), not the Ben-hadad supplanted and slain by Hazael (2 Kings 8:7, 2 Kings 8:15). The phrase, “I will send a fire,” that is, the flame of war (Psalms 78:63), occurs also in Amos 1:7, Amos 1:10, Amos 1:12, Amos 1:14, and Amos 2:2, Amos 2:5; Jeremiah 49:27; Hosea 8:14.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Amos 1:3-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Amos 1:4

Ben — hadad — Ben — hadad was to the Syrian kings a common name, as Pharaoh to the Egyptian kings, and Caesar to the Roman emperors.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Amos 1:4

But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall devour the (g) palaces of Benhadad.

(g) The antiquity of their buildings will not avoid my judgments. See Jeremiah 49:27

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I will:

Amos 1:7 But I will send a fire on the wall of Gaza, which shall devour the palaces thereof:
Amos 1:10 But I will send a fire on the wall of Tyrus, which shall devour the palaces thereof.
Amos 1:12 But I will send a fire upon Teman, which shall devour the palaces of Bozrah.
Amos 1:14 But I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it shall devour the palaces thereof, with shouting in the day of battle, with a tempest in the day of the whirlwind:
Amos 2:2 But I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the palaces of Kerioth: and Moab shall die with tumult, with shouting, [and] with the sound of the trumpet:
Amos 2:5 But I will send a fire upon Judah, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem.
Judges 9:19-20 If ye then have dealt truly and sincerely with Jerubbaal and with his house this day, [then] rejoice ye in Abimelech, and let him also rejoice in you: ... But if not, let fire come out from Abimelech, and devour the men of Shechem, and the house of Millo; and let fire come out from the men of Shechem, and from the house of Millo, and devour Abimelech.
Judges 9:57 And all the evil of the men of Shechem did God render upon their heads: and upon them came the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal.
Jeremiah 17:27 But if ye will not hearken unto me to hallow the sabbath day, and not to bear a burden, even entering in at the gates of Jerusalem on the sabbath day; then will I kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be quenched.
Jeremiah 49:27 And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall consume the palaces of Benhadad.
Ezekiel 30:8 And they shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I have set a fire in Egypt, and [when] all her helpers shall be destroyed.
Ezekiel 39:6 And I will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles: and they shall know that I [am] the LORD.
Hosea 8:14 For Israel hath forgotten his Maker, and buildeth temples; and Judah hath multiplied fenced cities: but I will send a fire upon his cities, and it shall devour the palaces thereof.

Hazael:

1 Kings 19:15 And the LORD said unto him, Go, return on thy way to the wilderness of Damascus: and when thou comest, anoint Hazael [to be] king over Syria:
2 Kings 8:7-15 And Elisha came to Damascus; and Benhadad the king of Syria was sick; and it was told him, saying, The man of God is come hither. ... And it came to pass on the morrow, that he took a thick cloth, and dipped [it] in water, and spread [it] on his face, so that he died: and Hazael reigned in his stead.

Benhadad:

1 Kings 20:1-22 And Benhadad the king of Syria gathered all his host together: and [there were] thirty and two kings with him, and horses, and chariots: and he went up and besieged Samaria, and warred against it. ... And the prophet came to the king of Israel, and said unto him, Go, strengthen thyself, and mark, and see what thou doest: for at the return of the year the king of Syria will come up against thee.
2 Kings 6:24 And it came to pass after this, that Benhadad king of Syria gathered all his host, and went up, and besieged Samaria.
2 Kings 13:3 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he delivered them into the hand of Hazael king of Syria, and into the hand of Benhadad the son of Hazael, all [their] days.
2 Kings 13:25 And Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz took again out of the hand of Benhadad the son of Hazael the cities, which he had taken out of the hand of Jehoahaz his father by war. Three times did Joash beat him, and recovered the cities of Israel.
2 Chronicles 16:2 Then Asa brought out silver and gold out of the treasures of the house of the LORD and of the king's house, and sent to Benhadad king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus, saying,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 9:19, 57. 1K 19:15; 20:1. 2K 6:24; 8:7; 13:3, 25. 2Ch 16:2. Jr 17:27; 49:27. Ezk 30:8; 39:6. Ho 8:14. Am 1:7, 10, 12, 14; 2:2, 5.

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