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Acts 9:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And he [said], I am Jesus whom thou persecutest:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: [it is] hard for thee to kick against the pricks.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And he said, “Who are You, Lord?” And He [said], “I am Jesus whom you are persecuting,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest. [It is] hard for thee to kick against the goads.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And he [said], *I* am Jesus, whom *thou* persecutest.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he said—Who art thou, Lord? And, he, [said]—I, am Jesus, whom, thou, art persecuting!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he said, 'Who art thou, Lord?' and the Lord said, 'I am Jesus whom thou dost persecute; hard for thee at the pricks to kick;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who said: Who art thou, Lord? And he: I am Jesus whom thou persecutest. It is hard for thee to kick against the goad.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he said, Who art thou Lord? And the Lord said, I am Iesus whom thou persecutest: It is hard for thee to kicke against the prickes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— He answered and said, Who art thou, my Lord? And our Lord said, I am Jeshu Natsroya, whom thou persecutest;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— He replied, and said: Who art thou, my Lord? And our Lord said: I am Jesus the Nazarean, whom thou persecutest.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
he said, 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Who 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
art x1488
(1488) Complement
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
thou, y1488
[1488] Standard
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
Lord? 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
said, 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
am 1510
{1510} Prime
εἰμί
eimi
{i-mee'}
First person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
persecutest: 1377
{1377} Prime
διώκω
dioko
{dee-o'-ko}
A prolonged (and causative) form of a primary verb δίω [[dio]] (to flee; compare the base of G1169 and G1249); to pursue (literally or figuratively); by implication to persecute.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
[it is] hard 4642
{4642} Prime
σκληρός
skleros
{sklay-ros'}
From the base of G4628; dry, that is, hard or tough (figuratively harsh, severe).
for thee 4671
{4671} Prime
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
to kick 2979
{2979} Prime
λακτίζω
laktizo
{lak-tid'-zo}
From adverb λάξ [[lax]] (heelwise); to recalcitrate.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
against 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the pricks. 2759
{2759} Prime
κέντρον
kentron
{ken'-tron}
From κεντέω [[kenteo]] (to prick); a point ('centre'), that is, a sting (figuratively poison) or goad (figuratively divine impulse).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 9:4-6.


Acts 9:5

_ _ Who art thou, Lord? — “Jesus knew Saul ere Saul knew Jesus” [Bengel]. The term “Lord” here is an indefinite term of respect for some unknown but august speaker. That Saul saw as well as heard this glorious Speaker, is expressly said by Ananias (Acts 9:17; Acts 22:14), by Barnabas (Acts 9:27), and by himself (Acts 26:16); and in claiming apostleship, he explicitly states that he had “seen the Lord” (1 Corinthians 9:1; 1 Corinthians 15:8), which can refer only to this scene.

_ _ I am Jesus whom thou persecutest — The “I” and “thou” here are touchingly emphatic in the original; while the term “JESUS” is purposely chosen, to convey to him the thrilling information that the hated name which he sought to hunt down — “the Nazarene,” as it is in Acts 22:8 — was now speaking to him from the skies, “crowned with glory and honor” (see Acts 26:9).

_ _ It is hard for thee to kick against the pricks — The metaphor of an ox, only driving the goad deeper by kicking against it, is a classic one, and here forcibly expresses, not only the vanity of all his measures for crushing the Gospel, but the deeper wound which every such effort inflicted upon himself.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 9:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 9:5

To kick against the goads — is a Syriac proverb, expressing an attempt that brings nothing but pain.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 9:5

And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: [it is] (c) hard for thee to kick against the pricks.

(c) This is a proverb which is spoken of those who through their stubbornness hurt themselves.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Who:

1 Samuel 3:4-10 That the LORD called Samuel: and he answered, Here [am] I. ... And the LORD came, and stood, and called as at other times, Samuel, Samuel. Then Samuel answered, Speak; for thy servant heareth.
1 Timothy 1:13 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did [it] ignorantly in unbelief.

I am:

Acts 26:9 I verily thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth.

it is:

Acts 5:39 But if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest haply ye be found even to fight against God.
Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook God [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
Job 9:4 [He is] wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who hath hardened [himself] against him, and hath prospered?
Job 40:9-10 Hast thou an arm like God? or canst thou thunder with a voice like him? ... Deck thyself now [with] majesty and excellency; and array thyself with glory and beauty.
Psalms 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish [from] the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed [are] all they that put their trust in him.
Isaiah 45:9 Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! [Let] the potsherd [strive] with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?
1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?
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Dt 32:15. 1S 3:4. Jb 9:4; 40:9. Ps 2:12. Is 45:9. Ac 5:39; 26:9. 1Co 10:22. 1Ti 1:13.

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