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Acts 9:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And as he journeyed, it came to pass that he drew nigh unto Damascus: and suddenly there shone round about him a light out of heaven:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And as he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined round about him a light from heaven:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— As he was traveling, it happened that he was approaching Damascus, and suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And as he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined around him a light from heaven:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But as he was journeying, it came to pass that he drew near to Damascus; and suddenly there shone round about him a light out of heaven,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, as he was journeying, it came to pass that he was drawing near unto Damascus, and, suddenly, there flashed around him a light out of heaven;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And in the going, he came nigh to Damascus, and suddenly there shone round about him a light from the heaven,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And as he went on his journey, it came to pass that he drew nigh to Damascus. And suddenly a light from heaven shined round about him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And as he iourneyed he came neere Damascus, and suddenly there shined round about him a light from heauen.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And as he went and began to come nigh to Darmsuk, suddenly there shone forth upon him a light from heaven;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And as he was going, and began to approach Damascus, suddenly there was poured upon him a light from heaven.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
as he y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
journeyed, 4198
{4198} Prime
πορεύομαι
poreuomai
{por-yoo'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from a derivative of the same as G3984; to traverse, that is, travel (literally or figuratively; especially to remove [figuratively die], live, etc.).
z5738
<5738> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 109
y1722
[1722] Standard
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
he x846
(0846) Complement
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
came y1096
[1096] Standard
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
near 1448
{1448} Prime
ἐγγίζω
eggizo
{eng-id'-zo}
From G1451; to make near, that is, (reflexively) approach.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
Damascus: 1154
{1154} Prime
Δαμασκός
Damaskos
{dam-as-kos'}
Of Hebrew origin [H1834]; Damascus, a city of Syria.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
suddenly 1810
{1810} Prime
ἐξαίφνης
exaiphnes
{ex-ah'-eef-nace}
From G1537 and the base of G0160; of a sudden (unexpectedly).
there shined round about 4015
{4015} Prime
περιαστράπτω
periastrapto
{per-ee-as-trap'-to}
From G4012 and G0797; to flash all around, that is, envelop in light.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
a light 5457
{5457} Prime
φῶς
phos
{foce}
From an obsolete φάω [[phao]] (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316 and G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative).
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
heaven: 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Acts 9:3

_ _ he came near Damascus — so Acts 22:6. Tradition points to a bridge near the city as the spot referred to. Events which are the turning points in one’s history so imprint themselves upon the memory that circumstances the most trifling in themselves acquire by connection with them something of their importance, and are recalled with inexpressible interest.

_ _ suddenly — At what time of day, it is not said; for artless simplicity reigns here. But he himself emphatically states, in one of his narratives, that it was “about noon” (Acts 22:6), and in the other, “at midday” (Acts 26:13), when there could be no deception.

_ _ there shined round about him a light from heaven — “a great light (he himself says) above the brightness of the sun,” then shining in its full strength.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 9:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 9:3

And suddenly — When God suddenly and vehemently attacks a sinner, it is the highest act of mercy. So Saul, when his rage was come to the height, is taught not to breathe slaughter. And what was wanting in time to confirm him in his discipleship, is compensated by the inexpressible terror he sustained. By his also the suddenly constituted apostle was guarded against the grand snare into which novices are apt to fall.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as:

Acts 9:17 And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, [even] Jesus, that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest, hath sent me, that thou mightest receive thy sight, and be filled with the Holy Ghost.
Acts 22:6 And it came to pass, that, as I made my journey, and was come nigh unto Damascus about noon, suddenly there shone from heaven a great light round about me.
Acts 26:12-13 Whereupon as I went to Damascus with authority and commission from the chief priests, ... At midday, O king, I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the brightness of the sun, shining round about me and them which journeyed with me.
1 Corinthians 15:8 And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.

a light:

Psalms 104:2 Who coverest [thyself] with light as [with] a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain:
1 Timothy 6:16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom [be] honour and power everlasting. Amen.
Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb [is] the light thereof.
Revelation 22:5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.
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Ps 104:2. Ac 9:17; 22:6; 26:12. 1Co 15:8. 1Ti 6:16. Rv 21:23; 22:5.

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