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Acts 8:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For I see that thou art in the gall of bitterness and in the bond of iniquity.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For I perceive that thou art in the gall of bitterness, and [in] the bond of iniquity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For I see that you are in the gall of bitterness and in the bondage of iniquity.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For I perceive that thou art in the gall of bitterness, and [in] the bond of iniquity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for I see thee to be in the gall of bitterness, and bond of unrighteousness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For see that thou servest as a gall-root of bitterness, and a bond of unrighteousness.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for in the gall of bitterness, and bond of unrighteousness, I perceive thee being.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I see thou art in the gall of bitterness and in the bonds of iniquity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For I perceiue that thou art in the gall of bitternesse, and in the bond of iniquitie.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— for in bitter gall and in the bonds of iniquity I see that thou art.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For I perceive that thou art in the bitter gall and in the bonds of iniquity.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
I perceive 3708
{3708} Prime
ὁράω
horao
{hor-ah'-o}
Properly to stare at (compare G3700), that is, (by implication) to discern clearly (physically or mentally); by extension to attend to; by Hebraism to experience; passively to appear.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
that thou 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
art 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
in 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the gall 5521
{5521} Prime
χολή
chole
{khol-ay'}
Feminine of an equivalent perhaps akin to the same as G5514 (from the greenish hue); 'gall' or bile, that is, (by analogy) poison or an anodyne (wormwood, poppy, etc.).
of bitterness, 4088
{4088} Prime
πικρία
pikria
{pik-ree'-ah}
From G4089; acridity (especially poison), literally or figuratively.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[in] the bond 4886
{4886} Prime
σύνδεσμος
sundesmos
{soon'-des-mos}
From G4862 and G1199; a joint tie, that is, ligament, (figuratively) uniting principle, control.
of iniquity. 93
{0093} Prime
ἀδικία
adikia
{ad-ee-kee'-ah}
From G0094; (legal) injustice (properly the quality, by implication the act); moral wrongfulness (of charater, life or act).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 8:18-24.


Acts 8:23

_ _ in the gall of bitterness and ... bond of iniquity — expressing both the awfulness of his condition and the captivity to it in which he was held.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 8:14-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 8:23

For I perceive that thou art in the (g) gall of bitterness, and [in] the (h) bond of iniquity.

(g) He calls the inward malice of the heart and the venomous and demonic wickedness with which the magician was wholly filled with the gall of bitterness: and he is said to be in the gall, as though he were wholly overwhelmed with gall, and buried in it.

(h) Entangled in the bonds of iniquity.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the gall:

Deuteronomy 29:18-20 Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go [and] serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth gall and wormwood; ... The LORD will not spare him, but then the anger of the LORD and his jealousy shall smoke against that man, and all the curses that are written in this book shall lie upon him, and the LORD shall blot out his name from under heaven.
Deuteronomy 32:32-33 For their vine [is] of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes [are] grapes of gall, their clusters [are] bitter: ... Their wine [is] the poison of dragons, and the cruel venom of asps.
Job 20:14 [Yet] his meat in his bowels is turned, [it is] the gall of asps within him.
Jeremiah 4:18 Thy way and thy doings have procured these [things] unto thee; this [is] thy wickedness, because it is bitter, because it reacheth unto thine heart.
Jeremiah 9:15 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will feed them, [even] this people, with wormwood, and give them water of gall to drink.
Lamentations 3:5 He hath builded against me, and compassed [me] with gall and travail.
Lamentations 3:19 Remembering mine affliction and my misery, the wormwood and the gall.
Hebrews 12:15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled;

the bond:

Psalms 116:16 O LORD, truly I [am] thy servant; I [am] thy servant, [and] the son of thine handmaid: thou hast loosed my bonds.
Proverbs 5:22 His own iniquities shall take the wicked himself, and he shall be holden with the cords of his sins.
Isaiah 28:22 Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong: for I have heard from the Lord GOD of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole earth.
John 8:34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.
Romans 6:17-22 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you. ... But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.
Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.
2 Peter 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
2 Peter 2:19 While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 29:18; 32:32. Jb 20:14. Ps 116:16. Pv 5:22. Is 28:22. Jr 4:18; 9:15. Lm 3:5, 19. Jn 8:34. Ro 6:17. Tit 3:3. He 12:15. 2P 2:4, 19.

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