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Acts 7:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the patriarchs, moved with jealousy against Joseph, sold him into Egypt: and God was with him,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The patriarchs became jealous of Joseph and sold him into Egypt. [Yet] God was with him,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the patriarchs, envying Joseph, sold him away into Egypt. And God was with him,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the patriarchs, being jealous of Joseph, gave him up into Egypt; and, God, was, with him,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the patriarchs, having been moved with jealousy, sold Joseph to Egypt, and God was with him,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the patriarchs, through envy, sold Joseph into Egypt. And God was with him,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Patriarchs moued with enuie, sold Ioseph into Egypt: but God was with him,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And these our fathers were incited against Jauseph, and sold him into Mitsreen. And Aloha was with him:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And those our fathers envied Joseph, and sold him into Egypt: but God was with him,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
patriarchs, 3966
{3966} Prime
From G3965 and G0757; a progenitor ('patriarch').
moved with envy, 2206
{2206} Prime
From G2205; to have warmth of feeling for or against.
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
sold 591
{0591} Prime
From G0575 and G1325; to give away, that is, up, over, back, etc. (in various applications).
<5639> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 65
Joseph 2501
{2501} Prime
Of Hebrew origin [H3130]; Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
into 1519
{1519} Prime
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Egypt: 125
{0125} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; AEgyptus, the land of the Nile.
but 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
was 2258
{2258} Prime
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
with 3326
{3326} Prime
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
him, 846
{0846} Prime
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Acts 7:9-16

_ _ the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt, but God was with him — Here Stephen gives his first example of Israel’s opposition to God’s purposes, in spite of which and by means of which those purposes were accomplished.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 7:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 7:9

But God was with him — Though he was not in this land. Genesis 37:28.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 7:9

(3) And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was (f) with him,

(3) Steven diligently recounts the horrible misdeeds of some of the fathers, to teach the Jews that they ought not rashly to rest in the authority or examples of the fathers.

(f) By these words are meant the peculiar favour that God shows men: for he seems to be away from those whom he does not help: and on the other hand, he is with those whom he delivers out of troubles, no matter how great the troubles may be.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 37:4-11 And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably unto him. ... And his brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying.
Genesis 49:23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot [at him], and hated him:
Matthew 27:18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.


Genesis 37:18-29 And when they saw him afar off, even before he came near unto them, they conspired against him to slay him. ... And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph [was] not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.
Genesis 45:4 And Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to me, I pray you. And they came near. And he said, I [am] Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt.
Genesis 50:15-20 And when Joseph's brethren saw that their father was dead, they said, Joseph will peradventure hate us, and will certainly requite us all the evil which we did unto him. ... But as for you, ye thought evil against me; [but] God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as [it is] this day, to save much people alive.
Psalms 105:17 He sent a man before them, [even] Joseph, [who] was sold for a servant:


Genesis 39:2 And the LORD was with Joseph, and he was a prosperous man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian.
Genesis 39:5 And it came to pass from the time [that] he had made him overseer in his house, and over all that he had, that the LORD blessed the Egyptian's house for Joseph's sake; and the blessing of the LORD was upon all that he had in the house, and in the field.
Genesis 39:21-23 But the LORD was with Joseph, and shewed him mercy, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison. ... The keeper of the prison looked not to any thing [that was] under his hand; because the LORD was with him, and [that] which he did, the LORD made [it] to prosper.
Genesis 49:24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty [God] of Jacob; (from thence [is] the shepherd, the stone of Israel:)
Isaiah 41:10 Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.
Isaiah 43:2 When thou passest through the waters, I [will be] with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.
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Gn 37:4, 18; 39:2, 5, 21; 45:4; 49:23, 24; 50:15. Ps 105:17. Is 41:10; 43:2. Mt 27:18.

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