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Acts 7:43 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, And the star of the god Rephan, The figures which ye made to worship them: And I will carry you away beyond Babylon.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘YOU ALSO TOOK ALONG THE TABERNACLE OF MOLOCH AND THE STAR OF THE GOD ROMPHA, THE IMAGES WHICH YOU MADE TO WORSHIP. I ALSO WILL REMOVE YOU BEYOND BABYLON.’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Yes, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your God Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Yea, ye took up the tent of Moloch, and the star of [your] god Remphan, the forms which ye made to do homage to them; and I will transport you beyond Babylon.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Nay! but ye took with you the tent of Moloch, and the star of the god Rephan,—the forms which ye made to bow down unto them: therefore will I carry you away beyond Babylon.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan—the figures that ye made to bow before them, and I will remove your dwelling beyond Babylon.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And you took unto you the tabernacle of Moloch and the star of your god Rempham, figures which you made to adore them. And I will carry you away beyond Babylon.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yea, ye tooke vp the Tabernacle of Moloch, and the starre of your God Remphan, figures which ye made, to worship them: and I will carie you away beyond Babylon.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But you took up the tabernacle of Malkum, And the star of the god of Raphan, Images you have made to worship them; I will remove you beyond Babel.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But ye bore the tabernacle of Malchum, and the star of the god Rephon, images which ye had made, that ye might bow down to them. I will transport you beyond Babylon.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yea, 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
ye took up 353
{0353} Prime
ἀναλαμβάνω
analambano
{an-al-am-ban'-o}
From G0303 and G2983; to take up.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
tabernacle 4633
{4633} Prime
σκηνή
skene
{skay-nay'}
Apparently akin to G4632 and G4639; a tent or cloth hut (literally or figuratively).
of Moloch, 3434
{3434} Prime
Μολόχ
Moloch
{mol-okh'}
Of Hebrew origin [H4432]; Moloch (that is, Molek), an idol.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
star 798
{0798} Prime
ἄστρον
astron
{as'-tron}
Neuter from G0792; properly a constellation; put for a single star (natural or artificial).
of your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
god 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Remphan, 4481
{4481} Prime
Ῥεμφὰν
Rhemphan
{hrem-fan'}
By incorrect transliteration for a word of Hebrew origin [H3594]; Remphan (that is, Kijun), an Egyptian idol.
figures 5179
{5179} Prime
τύπος
tupos
{too'-pos}
From G5180; a die (as struck), that is, (by implication) a stamp or scar; by analogy a shape, that is, a statue, (figuratively) style or resemblance; specifically a sampler ('type'), that is, a model (for imitation) or instance (for warning).
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
ye made 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
to worship 4352
{4352} Prime
προσκυνέω
proskuneo
{pros-koo-neh'-o}
From G4314 and probably a derivative of G2965 (meaning to kiss, like a dog licking his master's hand); to fawn or crouch to, that is, (literally or figuratively) prostrate oneself in homage (do reverence to, adore).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
them: 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
I will carry y3351
[3351] Standard
μετοικίζω
metoikizo
{met-oy-kid'-zo}
From the same as G3350; to transfer as a settler or captive, that is, colonize or exile.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
you y5209
[5209] Standard
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
away 3351
{3351} Prime
μετοικίζω
metoikizo
{met-oy-kid'-zo}
From the same as G3350; to transfer as a settler or captive, that is, colonize or exile.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
x5209
(5209) Complement
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
beyond 1900
{1900} Prime
ἐπέκεινα
epekeina
{ep-ek'-i-nah}
From G1909 and (the accusative plural neuter of) G1565; upon those parts of, that is, on the further side of.
Babylon. y897
[0897] Standard
Βαβυλών
Babulon
{bab-oo-lone'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0894]; Babylon, the capital of Chaldaea (literally or figuratively as a type of tyranny).
x847
(0847) Complement
αὐτοῦ
autou
{ow-too'}
Genitive (that is, possessive) of G0846, used as an adverb of location; properly belonging to the same spot, that is, in this (or that) place.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 7:42-50.


Acts 7:43

_ _ Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Molech, etc. — Two kinds of idolatry are charged upon the Israelites: that of the golden calf and that of the heavenly bodies; Molech and Remphan being deities, representing apparently the divine powers ascribed to nature, under different aspects.

_ _ carry you beyond Babylon — the well-known region of the captivity of Judah; while “Damascus” is used by the prophet (Amos 5:27), whither the ten tribes were carried.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 7:42-50.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 7:43

Ye took up — Probably not long after the golden calf: but secretly; else Moses would have mentioned it. The shrine — A small, portable chapel, in which was the image of their god. Moloch was the planet Mars, which they worshipped under a human shape. Remphan, that is, Saturn, they represented by a star. And I will carry you beyond Babylon — That is, beyond Damascus (which is the word in Amos) and Babylon. This was fulfilled by the king of Assyria, 2 Kings 17:6.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 7:43

Yea, ye (q) took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.

(q) You took it upon your shoulders and carried it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye took:

Leviticus 18:21 And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through [the fire] to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I [am] the LORD.
Leviticus 20:2-5 Again, thou shalt say to the children of Israel, Whosoever [he be] of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn in Israel, that giveth [any] of his seed unto Molech; he shall surely be put to death: the people of the land shall stone him with stones. ... Then I will set my face against that man, and against his family, and will cut him off, and all that go a whoring after him, to commit whoredom with Molech, from among their people.
2 Kings 17:16-18 And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, [even] two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal. ... Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only.
2 Kings 21:6 And he made his son pass through the fire, and observed times, and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards: he wrought much wickedness in the sight of the LORD, to provoke [him] to anger.

figures:

Exodus 20:4-5 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness [of any thing] that [is] in heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that [is] in the water under the earth: ... Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me;
Deuteronomy 4:16-18 Lest ye corrupt [yourselves], and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female, ... The likeness of any thing that creepeth on the ground, the likeness of any fish that [is] in the waters beneath the earth:
Deuteronomy 5:8-9 Thou shalt not make thee [any] graven image, [or] any likeness [of any thing] that [is] in heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that [is] in the waters beneath the earth: ... Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me,

and I:

2 Kings 17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor [by] the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.
2 Kings 18:11 And the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria, and put them in Halah and in Habor [by] the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes:
Amos 5:27 Therefore will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, saith the LORD, whose name [is] The God of hosts.

Babylon:
In the passage of Amos, to which Stephen refers, it is beyond Damascus; but as Assyria and Media, to which they were carried, were not only beyond Damascus, but beyond Babylon itself, he states that fact, and thus fixes more precisely the place of their captivity.
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Ex 20:4. Lv 18:21; 20:2. Dt 4:16; 5:8. 2K 17:6, 16; 18:11; 21:6. Am 5:27.

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