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Acts 4:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when they had set them in the midst, they inquired, By what power, or in what name, have ye done this?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have ye done this?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When they had placed them in the center, they [began to] inquire, “By what power, or in what name, have you done this?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name have ye done this?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and having placed them in the midst they inquired, In what power or in what name have *ye* done this?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, setting them in the midst, they began to enquire—In what manner of power, or in what manner of name, did, ye, do this?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having set them in the midst, they were inquiring, 'In what power, or in what name did ye do this?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And setting them in the midst, they asked: By what power or by what name, have you done this?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when they had set them in the middest, they asked, By what power, or by what name haue ye done this?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And when they had made them stand in the midst, they questioned them, By what power, or in what name, have you done this?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when they had set them in the midst, they interrogated them: By what power or what name, have ye done this?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when they had set y2476
[2476] Standard
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
x2746
(2746) Complement
καύχησις
kauchesis
{kow'-khay-sis}
From G2744; boasting (properly the act; by implication the objective), in a good or a bad sense.
them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
midst, 3319
{3319} Prime
μέσος
mesos
{mes'-os}
From G3326; middle (as adjective or [neuter] noun).
they asked, 4441
{4441} Prime
πυνθάνομαι
punthanomai
{poon-than'-om-ahee}
Middle voice prolonged from πύθω [[putho]], a primary word, (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); to question, that is, ascertain by inquiry (as a matter of information merely; and thus differing from G2065, which properly means a request as a favor; and from G0154, which is strictly a demand of something due; as well as from G2212, which implies a search for something hidden; and from G1189, which involves the idea of urgent need); by implication to learn (by casual intelligence).
z5711
<5711> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 184
By 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
what 4169
{4169} Prime
ποῖος
poios
{poy'-os}
From the base of G4226 and G3634; individualizing interrogitive (of character) what sort of, or (of number) which one.
power, 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
what 4169
{4169} Prime
ποῖος
poios
{poy'-os}
From the base of G4226 and G3634; individualizing interrogitive (of character) what sort of, or (of number) which one.
name, 3686
{3686} Prime
ὄνομα
onoma
{on'-om-ah}
From a presumed derivative of the base of G1097 (compare G3685); a 'name' (literally or figuratively), (authority, character).
have y4160
[4160] Standard
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
done 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
this? 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 4:1-12.


Acts 4:7

_ _ By what power or ... name have ye done this — thus admitting the reality of the miracle, which afterwards they confess themselves unable to deny (Acts 4:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 4:5-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 4:7

By what name — By what authority, have ye done this? — They seem to speak ambiguously on purpose.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 4:7

(2) And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what (e) name, have ye done this?

(2) Against those who brag of a succession of persons, without a succession of doctrine, and by that means beat down the true ministers of the word, as much as they are able.

(e) By what authority.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when:

Acts 5:27 And when they had brought them, they set [them] before the council: and the high priest asked them,
1 Kings 21:12-14 They proclaimed a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people. ... Then they sent to Jezebel, saying, Naboth is stoned, and is dead.
John 8:3 And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst,
John 8:9 And they which heard [it], being convicted by [their own] conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, [even] unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.

By what power:

Exodus 2:14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.
Matthew 21:23 And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?
Mark 11:28 And say unto him, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority to do these things?
John 2:18 Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things?

by what name:

Acts 4:10 Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, [even] by him doth this man stand here before you whole.
Acts 5:28 Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this man's blood upon us.
Acts 5:40 And to him they agreed: and when they had called the apostles, and beaten [them], they commanded that they should not speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go.
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Ex 2:14. 1K 21:12. Mt 21:23. Mk 11:28. Jn 2:18; 8:3, 9. Ac 4:10; 5:27, 28, 40.

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