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Acts 28:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks and laid them on the fire, a viper came out by reason of the heat, and fastened on his hand.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks, and laid [them] on the fire, there came a viper out of the heat, and fastened on his hand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks and laid them on the fire, a viper came out because of the heat and fastened itself on his hand.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks, and laid [them] on the fire, there came a viper out of the heat, and fastened on his hand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Paul having gathered a [certain] quantity of sticks together in a bundle and laid [it] on the fire, a viper coming out from the heat seized his hand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, when Paul had gathered a certain lot of firewood into a bundle, and laid it on the fire, a viper, by reason of the heat, coming forth, fastened on his hand.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but Paul having gathered together a quantity of sticks, and having laid [them] upon the fire, a viper—out of the heat having come—did fasten on his hand.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when Paul had gathered together a bundle of sticks and had laid them on the fire, a viper, coming out of the heat, fastened on his hand.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when Paul had gathered a bundle of stickes, and layde them on the fire, there came a Uiper out of the heat, and fastened on his hand.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And Paulos took many sticks and placed upon the fire; and there came forth a viper from the heat of the fire, and bit (him) in his hand.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And Paul took up a bundle of fagots and laid them on the fire: and a viper, [driven] by the heat, came out of them, and bit his hand.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
when Paul 3972
{3972} Prime
Παῦλος
Paulos
{pow'-los}
Of Latin origin; (little; but remotely from a derivative of G3973, meaning the same); Paulus, the name of a Roman and of an apostle.
had gathered 4962
{4962} Prime
συστρέφω
sustrepho
{soos-tref'-o}
From G4862 and G4762; to twist together, that is, collect (a bundle, a crowd).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
a bundle 4128
{4128} Prime
πλῆθος
plethos
{play'-thos}
From G4130; a fulness, that is, a large number, throng, populace.
of sticks, 5434
{5434} Prime
φρύγανον
phruganon
{froo'-gan-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of φρύγω [[phrugo]] (to roast or parch; akin to the base of G5395); something desiccated, that is, a dry twig.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
laid 2007
{2007} Prime
ἐπιτίθημι
epitithemi
{ep-ee-tith'-ay-mee}
From G1909 and G5087; to impose (in a friendly or hostile sense).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
[them] on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fire, 4443
{4443} Prime
πυρά
pura
{poo-rah'}
From G4442; a fire (concretely).
there came 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
a viper 2191
{2191} Prime
ἔχιδνα
echidna
{ekh'-id-nah}
Of uncertain origin; an adder or other poisonous snake (literally or figuratively).
out of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
heat, 2329
{2329} Prime
θέρμη
therme
{ther'-may}
From the base of G2330; warmth.
and fastened x2510
(2510) Complement
καθάπτω
kathapto
{kath-ap'-to}
From G2596 and G0680; to seize upon.
on y2510
[2510] Standard
καθάπτω
kathapto
{kath-ap'-to}
From G2596 and G0680; to seize upon.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
hand. 5495
{5495} Prime
χείρ
cheir
{khire}
Perhaps from the base of G5494 in the sense of its congener the base of G5490 (through the idea of hollowness for grasping); the hand (literally or figuratively [power]; especially [by Hebraism] a means or instrument).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Acts 28:3

_ _ when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks — “a quantity of dry sticks.” The vigorous activity of Paul’s character is observable in this comparatively trifling action [Webster and Wilkinson].

_ _ and laid them on the fire, there came a viper out of the heat — Having laid itself up among the sticks on the approach of the cold winter season, it had suddenly recovered from its torpor by the heat.

_ _ and fastened — its fangs.

_ _ on his hand — Vipers dart at their enemies sometimes several feet at a bound. They have now disappeared from Malta, owing to the change which cultivation has produced.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 28:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 28:3

(1) And when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks, and laid [them] on the fire, there came a viper out of the heat, and fastened on his hand.

(1) The godly are sure to have danger upon danger, but they alway have a glorious outcome.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
came:

Job 20:16 He shall suck the poison of asps: the viper's tongue shall slay him.
Isaiah 30:6 The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence [come] the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people [that] shall not profit [them].
Isaiah 41:24 Behold, ye [are] of nothing, and your work of nought: an abomination [is he that] chooseth you.
Isaiah 59:5 They hatch cockatrice' eggs, and weave the spider's web: he that eateth of their eggs dieth, and that which is crushed breaketh out into a viper.
Matthew 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
Matthew 12:34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
Matthew 23:33 [Ye] serpents, [ye] generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?

fastened:

Acts 28:4 And when the barbarians saw the [venomous] beast hang on his hand, they said among themselves, No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet vengeance suffereth not to live.
Amos 5:19 As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him.
2 Corinthians 6:9 As unknown, and [yet] well known; as dying, and, behold, we live; as chastened, and not killed;
2 Corinthians 11:23 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 20:16. Is 30:6; 41:24; 59:5. Am 5:19. Mt 3:7; 12:34; 23:33. Ac 28:4. 2Co 6:9; 11:23.

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