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Acts 27:41 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But lighting upon a place where two seas met, they ran the vessel aground; and the foreship struck and remained unmoveable, but the stern began to break up by the violence [of the waves].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And falling into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained unmoveable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But striking a reef where two seas met, they ran the vessel aground; and the prow stuck fast and remained immovable, but the stern [began] to be broken up by the force [of the waves].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And falling into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained immovable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And falling into a place where two seas met they ran the ship aground, and the prow having stuck itself fast remained unmoved, but the stern was broken by the force of the waves.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, falling into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and, the foreship sticking fast, remained immoveable, while, the stern, began to break up, from the violence [of the waves].
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having fallen into a place of two seas, they ran the ship aground, and the fore-part, indeed, having stuck fast, did remain immoveable, but the hinder-part was broken by the violence of the waves.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when we were fallen into a place where two seas met, they run the ship aground. And the forepart indeed, sticking fast, remained unmoveable: but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the sea.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And falling into a place where two seas met, they ranne the shippe a ground, and the forepart stucke fast, and remained vnmoueable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waues.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the ship struck on a high place between two depths of the sea, and infixed herself in it; and her forepart stood upon it, and was immovable, but her afterpart was loosed from the violence of the waves.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the ship struck upon a shoal between two channels of the sea, and stuck fast upon it. And the forward part rested upon it, and was immovable; but the after part was shattered by the violence of the waves.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
falling 4045
{4045} Prime
περιπίπτω
peripipto
{per-ee-pip'-to}
From G4012 and G4098; to fall into something that is all around, that is, light among or upon, be surrounded with.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
a place 5117
{5117} Prime
τόπος
topos
{top'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a spot (generally in space, but limited by occupancy; whereas G5561 is a larger but particular locality), that is, location (as a position, home, tract, etc.); figuratively condition, opportunity; specifically a scabbard.
where two seas met, 1337
{1337} Prime
διθάλασσος
dithalassos
{dee-thal'-as-sos}
From G1364 and G2281; having two seas, that is, a sound with a double outlet.
they ran y2027
[2027] Standard
ἐποκέλλω
epokello
{ep-ok-el'-lo}
From G1909 and ὀκέλλω [[okello]] (to urge); to drive upon the shore, that is, to beach a vessel.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
the ship y3491
[3491] Standard
ναῦς
naus
{nowce}
From νάω [[nao]] or νέω [[neo]] (to float); a boat (of any size).
aground; 2027
{2027} Prime
ἐποκέλλω
epokello
{ep-ok-el'-lo}
From G1909 and ὀκέλλω [[okello]] (to urge); to drive upon the shore, that is, to beach a vessel.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
x3491
(3491) Complement
ναῦς
naus
{nowce}
From νάω [[nao]] or νέω [[neo]] (to float); a boat (of any size).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
forepart 4408
{4408} Prime
πρῷρα
prora
{pro'-ra}
Feminine of a presumed derivation of G4253 as noun; the prow, that is, forward part of a vessel.
3303
{3303} Prime
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
stuck fast, 2043
{2043} Prime
ἐρείδω
ereido
{er-i'-do}
Of obscure affinity; to prop, that is, (reflexively) get fast.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
and remained 3306
{3306} Prime
μένω
meno
{men'-o}
A primary verb; to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
unmoveable, 761
{0761} Prime
ἀσάλευτος
asaleutos
{as-al'-yoo-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G4531; unshaken, that is, (by implication) immovable (figuratively).
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
hinder part 4403
{4403} Prime
πρύμνα
prumna
{proom'-nah}
Feminine of πρυμνύς [[prumnus]] (hindmost); the stern of a ship.
was broken 3089
{3089} Prime
λύω
luo
{loo'-o}
A primary verb; to 'loosen' (literally or figuratively).
z5712
<5712> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 83
with 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
violence 970
{0970} Prime
βία
bia
{bee'-ah}
Probably akin to G0979 (through the idea of vital activity); force.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
waves. 2949
{2949} Prime
κῦμα
kuma
{koo'-mah}
From κύω [[kuo]] (to swell [with young], that is, bend, curve); a billow (as bursting or toppling).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Acts 27:41

_ _ falling into a place where two seas met — Smith thinks this refers to the channel, not more than one hundred yards broad, which separates the small island of Salmone from Malta, forming a communication between the sea inside the bay and that outside.

_ _ the fore part stuck fast, and remained immovable — “The rocks of Malta disintegrate into extremely minute particles of sand and clay, which, when acted upon by the currents or surface agitation, form a deposit of tenacious clay; but, in still waters, where these causes do not act, mud is formed; but it is only in creeks, where there are no currents, and at such a depth as to be undisturbed by the waves, that the mud occurs. A ship, therefore, impelled by the force of a gale, into a creek, with such a bottom, would strike a bottom of mud, graduating into tenacious clay, into which the fore part would fix itself, and be held fast, while the stern was exposed to the force of the waves” [Smith].

_ _ hinder part was broken — The continued action denoted by the tense here is to be noted — “was fast breaking,” going to pieces.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 27:21-44.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 27:41

A place where two seas met — Probably by reason of a sand bank running parallel with the shore.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 27:41

And falling into a place where (i) two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained unmoveable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves.

(i) So is an isthmus called, because the Sea touches it on both sides.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they ran:

Acts 27:17 Which when they had taken up, they used helps, undergirding the ship; and, fearing lest they should fall into the quicksands, strake sail, and so were driven.
Acts 27:26-29 Howbeit we must be cast upon a certain island. ... Then fearing lest we should have fallen upon rocks, they cast four anchors out of the stern, and wished for the day.
2 Corinthians 11:25 Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep;

broken:

1 Kings 22:48 Jehoshaphat made ships of Tharshish to go to Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Eziongeber.
2 Chronicles 20:37 Then Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath broken thy works. And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.
Ezekiel 27:26 Thy rowers have brought thee into great waters: the east wind hath broken thee in the midst of the seas.
Ezekiel 27:34 In the time [when] thou shalt be broken by the seas in the depths of the waters thy merchandise and all thy company in the midst of thee shall fall.
2 Corinthians 11:25-26 Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep; ... [In] journeyings often, [in] perils of waters, [in] perils of robbers, [in] perils by [mine own] countrymen, [in] perils by the heathen, [in] perils in the city, [in] perils in the wilderness, [in] perils in the sea, [in] perils among false brethren;
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1K 22:48. 2Ch 20:37. Ezk 27:26, 34. Ac 27:17, 26. 2Co 11:25.

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