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Acts 27:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, “Unless these men remain in the ship, you yourselves cannot be saved.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Paul said to the centurion, and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Paul said to the centurion and the soldiers, Unless these abide in the ship *ye* cannot be saved.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Paul said unto the centurion, and unto the soldiers—Except, these, abide in the ship, ye yourselves, cannot be saved!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, 'If these do not remain in the ship—ye are not able to be saved;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers: Except these stay in the ship, you cannot be saved.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Paul said to the Centurion, and to the souldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saued.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And when Paulos saw, he said to the centurion and to the soldiers, If these in the ship remain not, you cannot be saved.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when Paul saw [it], he said to the centurion and to the soldiers: Unless these remain in the ship, ye cannot be saved.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Paul 3972
{3972} Prime
Παῦλος
Paulos
{pow'-los}
Of Latin origin; (little; but remotely from a derivative of G3973, meaning the same); Paulus, the name of a Roman and of an apostle.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
centurion 1543
{1543} Prime
ἑκατοντάρχης
hekatontarches
{hek-at-on-tar'-khace}
From G1540 and G0757; the captain of one hundred men.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
soldiers, 4757
{4757} Prime
στρατιώτης
stratiotes
{strat-ee-o'-tace}
From a presumed derivative of the same as G4756; a camperout, that is, a (common) warrior (literally or figuratively).
Except 3362
{3362} Prime
ἐὰν με
ean me
{eh-an' may}
That is, G1437 and G3361; if not, that is, unless.
these 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
abide 3306
{3306} Prime
μένω
meno
{men'-o}
A primary verb; to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
ship, 4143
{4143} Prime
πλοῖον
ploion
{ploy'-on}
From G4126; a sailer, that is, vessel.
ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
cannot 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
be saved. 4982
{4982} Prime
σῴζω
sozo
{sode'-zo}
From a primary word σῶς [[sos]] (contraction for the obsolete σάος [[saos]], 'safe'); to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively).
z5683
<5683> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 159
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Acts 27:31

_ _ Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers — the only parties now to be trusted, and whose own safety was now at stake.

_ _ except ye abide in the ship ye cannot be saved — The soldiers and passengers could not be expected to possess the necessary seamanship in so very critical a case. The flight of the crew, therefore, might well be regarded as certain destruction to all who remained. In full assurance of ultimate safety, in virtue of a DIVINE pledge, to all in the ship, Paul speaks and acts throughout this whole scene in the exercise of a sound judgment as to the indispensable HUMAN conditions of safety; and as there is no trace of any feeling of inconsistency between these two things in his mind, so even the centurion, under whose orders the soldiers acted on Paul’s views, seems never to have felt perplexed by the twofold aspect, divine and human, in which the same thing presented itself to the mind of Paul. Divine agency and human instrumentality are in all the events of life quite as much as here. The only difference is that the one is for the most part shrouded from view, while the other is ever naked and open to the senses.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 27:21-44.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 27:31

Unless these mariners abide in the ship — Without them ye know not how to manage her, ye cannot be saved — He does not say we. That they would not have regarded. The soldiers were not careful for the lives of the prisoners: nor was Paul careful for his own. We may learn hence, to use the most proper means for security and success, even while we depend on Divine Providence, and wait for the accomplishment of God's own promise. He never designed any promise should encourage rational creatures to act in an irrational manner; or to remain inactive, when he has given them natural capacities of doing something, at least, for their own benefit. To expect the accomplishment of any promise, without exerting these, is at best vain and dangerous presumption, if all pretence of relying upon it be not profane hypocrisy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 27:31

(9) Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved.

(9) Although the performing of God's promises does not depend upon secondary causes, yet they make themselves unworthy of God's bountifulness who do not embrace those means which God offers them, either upon rashness or distrust.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
said:

Acts 27:11 Nevertheless the centurion believed the master and the owner of the ship, more than those things which were spoken by Paul.
Acts 27:21 But after long abstinence Paul stood forth in the midst of them, and said, Sirs, ye should have hearkened unto me, and not have loosed from Crete, and to have gained this harm and loss.
Acts 27:42-43 And the soldiers' counsel was to kill the prisoners, lest any of them should swim out, and escape. ... But the centurion, willing to save Paul, kept them from [their] purpose; and commanded that they which could swim should cast [themselves] first [into the sea], and get to land:

Except:

Acts 27:22-24 And now I exhort you to be of good cheer: for there shall be no loss of [any man's] life among you, but of the ship. ... Saying, Fear not, Paul; thou must be brought before Caesar: and, lo, God hath given thee all them that sail with thee.
Psalms 91:11-12 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. ... They shall bear thee up in [their] hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.
Jeremiah 29:11-13 For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you an expected end. ... And ye shall seek me, and find [me], when ye shall search for me with all your heart.
Ezekiel 36:36-37 Then the heathen that are left round about you shall know that I the LORD build the ruined [places, and] plant that that was desolate: I the LORD have spoken [it], and I will do [it]. ... Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will yet [for] this be enquired of by the house of Israel, to do [it] for them; I will increase them with men like a flock.
Luke 1:34-35 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? ... And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke 4:9-12 And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence: ... And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
John 6:37 All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.
2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: ... Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
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Ps 91:11. Jr 29:11. Ezk 36:36. Lk 1:34; 4:9. Jn 6:37. Ac 27:11, 21, 22, 42. 2Th 2:13.

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