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Acts 25:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But Paul said, I am standing before Caesar's judgment-seat, where I ought to be judged: to the Jews have I done no wrong, as thou also very well knowest.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then said Paul, I stand at Caesar's judgment seat, where I ought to be judged: to the Jews have I done no wrong, as thou very well knowest.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But Paul said, “I am standing before Caesar’s tribunal, where I ought to be tried. I have done no wrong to [the] Jews, as you also very well know.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then said Paul, I stand at Cesar's tribunal, where I ought to be judged: to the Jews have I done no wrong, as thou very well knowest.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But Paul said, I am standing before the judgment-seat of Caesar, where I ought to be judged. To the Jews have I done no wrong, as *thou* also very well knowest.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But Paul said—Standing before the judgment-seat of Caesar, am I, where, I, ought to be judged. Unto the Jews, have I done no wrong, as, even thou, right well, art discovering.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Paul said, 'At the tribunal of Caesar I am standing, where it behoveth me to be judged; to Jews I did no unrighteousness, as thou dost also very well know;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then Paul said: I stand at Caesar's judgment seat, where I ought to be judged. To the Jews I have done no injury, as thou very well knowest.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then said Paul, I stand at Cesars iudgement seat, where I ought to bee iudged; to the Iewes haue I done no wrong, as thou very well knowest.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Paulos answered, and said, At the tribunal of Caesar stand I. There it is right for me to be judged. Not any thing have I transgressed against the Jihudoyee, as also thou knowest;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Paul replied, and said: I stand before Caesar's tribunal: here I ought to be tried. Against the Jews I have committed no offence, as thou also well knowest.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Paul, 3972
{3972} Prime
Παῦλος
Paulos
{pow'-los}
Of Latin origin; (little; but remotely from a derivative of G3973, meaning the same); Paulus, the name of a Roman and of an apostle.
I stand 1510
{1510} Prime
εἰμί
eimi
{i-mee'}
First person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic).
2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
at 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
Caesar's 2541
{2541} Prime
Καῖσαρ
Kaisar
{kah'-ee-sar}
Of Latin origin; Caesar, a title of the Roman emperor.
judgment seat, 968
{0968} Prime
βῆμα
bema
{bay'-ma}
From the base of G0939; a step, that is, foot breath; by implication a rostrum, that is, tribunal.
where 3757
{3757} Prime
οὗ
hou
{hoo}
Genitive case of G3739 as adverb; at which place, that is, where.
I 3165
{3165} Prime
μέ
me
{meh}
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
ought 1163
{1163} Prime
δεῖ
dei
{die}
Third person singular active present of G1210; also δεόν [[deon]], {deh-on'}; which is neuter active participle of the same; both used impersonally; it is (was, etc.) necessary (as binding).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
to be judged: 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5745
<5745> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 105
to the Jews 2453
{2453} Prime
Ἰουδαῖος
Ioudaios
{ee-oo-dah'-yos}
From G2448 (in the sense of G2455 as a country); Judaean, that is, belonging to Jehudah.
have I done y91
[0091] Standard
ἀδικέω
adikeo
{ad-ee-keh'-o}
From G0094; to be unjust, that is, (actively) do wrong (morally, socially or physically).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
no y3762
[3762] Standard
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
wrong, 91
{0091} Prime
ἀδικέω
adikeo
{ad-ee-keh'-o}
From G0094; to be unjust, that is, (actively) do wrong (morally, socially or physically).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
x3762
(3762) Complement
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
very well y2566
[2566] Standard
κάλλιον
kallion
{kal-lee'-on}
Neuter of the (irregular) comparative of G2570; (adverbially) better than many.
x2573
(2573) Complement
καλῶς
kalos
{kal-oce'}
Adverb from G2570; well (usually morally).
knowest. 1921
{1921} Prime
ἐπιγινώσκω
epiginosko
{ep-ig-in-oce'-ko}
From G1909 and G1097; to know upon some mark, that is, recognise; by implication to become fully acquainted with, to acknowledge.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 25:9-10.


Acts 25:10

_ _ Then said Paul, I stand at Caesar’s judgment seat — that is, I am already before the proper tribunal. This seems to imply that he understood Festus to propose handing him over to the Sanhedrim for judgment (and see on Acts 25:11), with a mere promise of protection from him. But from going to Jerusalem at all he was too well justified in shrinking, for there assassination had been quite recently planned against him.

_ _ to the Jews have I done no wrong, as thou knowest very well — literally, “better,” that is, (perhaps), better than to press such a proposal.

_ _ if there be none of these things ... no man may deliver me unto them — The word signifies to “surrender in order to gratify” another.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 25:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 25:10

I am standing at Cesar's judgment seat — For all the courts of the Roman governors were held in the name of the emperor, and by commission from him. No man can give me up — He expresses it modestly: the meaning is, Thou canst not. I appeal to Cesar — Which any Roman citizen might do before sentence was passed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I stand:
Every procurator represented the emperor in the province over which he presided; and as the seat of government was at Cesarea, St. Paul was before the tribunal where, as a Roman citizen, he ought to be judged.
Acts 16:37-38 But Paul said unto them, They have beaten us openly uncondemned, being Romans, and have cast [us] into prison; and now do they thrust us out privily? nay verily; but let them come themselves and fetch us out. ... And the serjeants told these words unto the magistrates: and they feared, when they heard that they were Romans.
Acts 22:25-28 And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said unto the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned? ... And the chief captain answered, With a great sum obtained I this freedom. And Paul said, But I was [free] born.

as thou:

Acts 25:25 But when I found that he had committed nothing worthy of death, and that he himself hath appealed to Augustus, I have determined to send him.
Acts 23:29 Whom I perceived to be accused of questions of their law, but to have nothing laid to his charge worthy of death or of bonds.
Acts 26:31 And when they were gone aside, they talked between themselves, saying, This man doeth nothing worthy of death or of bonds.
Acts 28:18 Who, when they had examined me, would have let [me] go, because there was no cause of death in me.
Matthew 27:18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.
Matthew 27:23-24 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified. ... When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but [that] rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed [his] hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye [to it].
2 Corinthians 4:2 But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
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Mt 27:18, 23. Ac 16:37; 22:25; 23:29; 25:25; 26:31; 28:18. 2Co 4:2.

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