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Acts 22:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when they had tied him up with the thongs, Paul said unto the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said unto the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But when they stretched him out with thongs, Paul said to the centurion who was standing by, “Is it lawful for you to scourge a man who is a Roman and uncondemned?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said to the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But as they stretched him forward with the thongs, Paul said to the centurion who stood [by], Is it lawful for you to scourge a man [who is] a Roman and uncondemned?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, when they had stretched him out with straps, Paul said unto the by-standing centurion—A Roman, and uncondemned, is it allowed you to be scourging?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And as he was stretching him with the thongs, Paul said unto the centurion who was standing by, 'A man, a Roman, uncondemned—is it lawful to you to scourge;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when they had bound him with thongs, Paul saith to the centurion that stood by him: Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman and uncondemned?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said vnto the Centurion that stood by, Is it lawfull for you to scourge a man that is a Romane, and vncondemned?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And as they exposed him with thongs, Paulos said to the centurion who stood near him, Is it allowed you to scourge a Roman man who is not condemned?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And as they were stretching him with ropes, Paul said to the centurion who stood over him: Is it lawful for you to scourge a man, who is a Roman, and not yet found guilty?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
they bound 4385
{4385} Prime
προτείνω
proteino
{prot-i'-no}
From G4253 and τείνω [[teino]] (to stretch); to protend, that is, tie prostrate (for scourging).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
z5625
<5625> Grammar
Synonym Strong's Number

The Greek word has more than one possible Strong's number.
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
with thongs, 2438
{2438} Prime
ἱμάς
himas
{hee-mas'}
Perhaps from the same as G0260; a strap, that is, (specifically) the tie (of a sandal) or the lash (of a scourge).
Paul 3972
{3972} Prime
Παῦλος
Paulos
{pow'-los}
Of Latin origin; (little; but remotely from a derivative of G3973, meaning the same); Paulus, the name of a Roman and of an apostle.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the centurion 1543
{1543} Prime
ἑκατοντάρχης
hekatontarches
{hek-at-on-tar'-khace}
From G1540 and G0757; the captain of one hundred men.
that stood by, 2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
x1487
(1487) Complement
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
Is it lawful 1832
{1832} Prime
ἔξεστι
exesti
{ex'-es-tee}
Third person singular present indicative of a compound of G1537 and G1510; so also ἐξόν [[exon]], {ex-on'}; neuter present participle of the same (with or without some form of G1510 expressed); impersonally it is right (through the figurative idea of being out in public).
y1487
[1487] Standard
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
for you 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
to scourge 3147
{3147} Prime
μαστίζω
mastizo
{mas-tid'-zo}
From G3149; to whip (literally).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
a man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
that is a Roman, 4514
{4514} Prime
Ῥωμαῖος
Rhomaios
{hro-mah'-yos}
From G4516; Romaean, that is, Roman (as noun).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
uncondemned? 178
{0178} Prime
ἀκατάκριτος
akatakritos
{ak-at-ak'-ree-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G2632; without (legal) trial.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 22:24-26.


Acts 22:25

_ _ Paul said to the centurion that stood by — to superintend the torture and receive the confession expected to be wrung from him.

_ _ Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, etc. — See on Acts 16:37.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 22:22-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 22:25

And as they — The soldiers ordered by the tribune, were binding him with thongs — A freeman of Rome might be bound with a chain and beaten with a staff: but he might not be bound with thongs, neither scourged, or beaten with rods: Paul said to the centurion — The captain, who stood by to see the orders of the tribune executed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 22:25

(4) And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said unto the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned?

(4) There is no reason why we may not use those lawful means which God gives us in order to repel or prevent an injury.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the centurion:

Acts 10:1 There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian [band],
Acts 23:17 Then Paul called one of the centurions unto [him], and said, Bring this young man unto the chief captain: for he hath a certain thing to tell him.
Acts 27:1 And when it was determined that we should sail into Italy, they delivered Paul and certain other prisoners unto [one] named Julius, a centurion of Augustus' band.
Acts 27:3 And the next [day] we touched at Sidon. And Julius courteously entreated Paul, and gave [him] liberty to go unto his friends to refresh himself.
Acts 27:43 But the centurion, willing to save Paul, kept them from [their] purpose; and commanded that they which could swim should cast [themselves] first [into the sea], and get to land:
Matthew 8:8 The centurion answered and said, Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof: but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed.
Matthew 27:54 Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.

Is it:
By the Roman law, no magistrate was allowed to punish a Roman citizen capitally, or by inflicting stripes, or even binding him; and the single expression, I am a Roman citizen, arrested their severest decrees, and obtained, if not an escape, at least a delay of his punishment.
Acts 22:27-28 Then the chief captain came, and said unto him, Tell me, art thou a Roman? He said, Yea. ... And the chief captain answered, With a great sum obtained I this freedom. And Paul said, But I was [free] born.
Acts 16:37 But Paul said unto them, They have beaten us openly uncondemned, being Romans, and have cast [us] into prison; and now do they thrust us out privily? nay verily; but let them come themselves and fetch us out.
Acts 25:16 To whom I answered, It is not the manner of the Romans to deliver any man to die, before that he which is accused have the accusers face to face, and have licence to answer for himself concerning the crime laid against him.
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