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Acts 22:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— the chief captain commanded him be brought into the castle, bidding that he should be examined by scourging, that he might know for what cause they so shouted against him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle, and bade that he should be examined by scourging; that he might know wherefore they cried so against him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— the commander ordered him to be brought into the barracks, stating that he should be examined by scourging so that he might find out the reason why they were shouting against him that way.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle, and bade that he should be examined by scourging; that he might know for what cause they cried so against him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— the chiliarch commanded him to be brought into the fortress, saying that he should be examined by scourging, that he might ascertain for what cause they cried thus against him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— the captain ordered him to be brought into the castle, saying, that, with scourging, he should be put to the test,—that he might find out, for what cause they were, thus, clamouring against him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— the chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle, saying, 'By scourges let him be examined;' that he might know for what cause they were crying so against him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The tribune commanded him to be brought into the castle, and that he should be scourged and tortured: to know for what cause they did so cry out against him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The chiefe captaine commanded him to be brought into the castle, and bade that hee should be examined by scourging: that he might know wherfore they cried so against him.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— the tribune commanded that he should be brought into the fortress, and commanded him to be questioned by scourging, that he might know for what cause they cried against him.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— the Chiliarch gave orders, to carry him into the castle: and he commanded, that he should be examined with stripes; that he might know, for what cause they cried out against him.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
chief captain 5506
{5506} Prime
χιλίαρχος
chiliarchos
{khil-ee'-ar-khos}
From G5507 and G0757; the commander of a thousand soldiers ('chiliarch'), that is, colonel.
commanded 2753
{2753} Prime
κελεύω
keleuo
{kel-yoo'-o}
From a primary word κέλλω [[kello]] (to urge on); 'hail'; to incite by word, that is, order.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
to be brought 71
{0071} Prime
ἄγω
ago
{ag'-o}
A primary verb; properly to lead; by implication to bring, drive, (reflexively) go, (specifically) pass (time), or (figuratively) induce.
z5745
<5745> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 105
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
castle, 3925
{3925} Prime
παρεμβολή
parembole
{par-em-bol-ay'}
From a compound of G3844 and G1685; a throwing in beside (juxtaposition), that is, (specifically) battle array, encampment or barracks (tower Antonia).
and bade 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
that he 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
should be examined 426
{0426} Prime
ἀνετάζω
anetazo
{an-et-ad'-zo}
From G0303 and ἐτάζω [[etazo]] (to test); to investigate (judicially).
z5745
<5745> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 105
by scourging; 3148
{3148} Prime
μάστιξ
mastix
{mas'-tix}
Probably from the base of G3145 (through the idea of contact); a whip (literally the Roman flagellum for criminals; figuratively a disease).
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
he might know 1921
{1921} Prime
ἐπιγινώσκω
epiginosko
{ep-ig-in-oce'-ko}
From G1909 and G1097; to know upon some mark, that is, recognise; by implication to become fully acquainted with, to acknowledge.
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
wherefore 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
156
{0156} Prime
αἰτία
aitia
{ahee-tee'-a}
From the same as G0154; a cause (as if asked for), that is, (logical) reason (motive, matter), (legal) crime (alleged or proved).
they cried y2019
[2019] Standard
ἐπιφωνέω
epiphoneo
{ep-ee-fo-neh'-o}
From G1909 and G5455; to call at something, that is, exclaim.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
so y3779
[3779] Standard
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
against 2019
{2019} Prime
ἐπιφωνέω
epiphoneo
{ep-ee-fo-neh'-o}
From G1909 and G5455; to call at something, that is, exclaim.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
x3779
(3779) Complement
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
him. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Acts 22:24-26

_ _ examined by scourging — according to the Roman practice.

_ _ that he might know wherefore they cried so — Paul’s speech being to him in an unknown tongue, he concluded from the horror which it kindled in the vast audience that he must have been guilty of some crime.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 22:22-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 22:24

(3) The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle, and bade that he should be examined by scourging; that he might know wherefore they cried so against him.

(3) The wisdom of the flesh does not consider what is just, but what is profitable, and in addition takes into account the profit that can be gained, according as it presently appears.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The chief:
As the chief captain did not understand Hebrew, he was ignorant of the charge against Paul, and also of the defence which the apostle had made; but as he saw that they grew more and more outrageous, he supposed that Paul must have given them the highest provocation, and therefore, according to the barbarous and irrational practice which has existed in all countries, he determined to put him to the torture, in order to make him confess his crime.
Acts 21:31-32 And as they went about to kill him, tidings came unto the chief captain of the band, that all Jerusalem was in an uproar. ... Who immediately took soldiers and centurions, and ran down unto them: and when they saw the chief captain and the soldiers, they left beating of Paul.
Acts 23:10 And when there arose a great dissension, the chief captain, fearing lest Paul should have been pulled in pieces of them, commanded the soldiers to go down, and to take him by force from among them, and to bring [him] into the castle.
Acts 23:27 This man was taken of the Jews, and should have been killed of them: then came I with an army, and rescued him, having understood that he was a Roman.

that he should:

Acts 22:25-29 And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said unto the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned? ... Then straightway they departed from him which should have examined him: and the chief captain also was afraid, after he knew that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him.
Acts 16:22-23 And the multitude rose up together against them: and the magistrates rent off their clothes, and commanded to beat [them]. ... And when they had laid many stripes upon them, they cast [them] into prison, charging the jailor to keep them safely:
Acts 16:37 But Paul said unto them, They have beaten us openly uncondemned, being Romans, and have cast [us] into prison; and now do they thrust us out privily? nay verily; but let them come themselves and fetch us out.
John 19:1 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged [him].
Hebrews 11:35 Women received their dead raised to life again: and others were tortured, not accepting deliverance; that they might obtain a better resurrection:
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Jn 19:1. Ac 16:22, 37; 21:31; 22:25; 23:10, 27. He 11:35.

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