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Acts 20:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— serving the Lord with all lowliness of mind, and with tears, and with trials which befell me by the plots of the Jews;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Serving the Lord with all humility of mind, and with many tears, and temptations, which befell me by the lying in wait of the Jews:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— serving the Lord with all humility and with tears and with trials which came upon me through the plots of the Jews;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Serving the Lord with all humility of mind, and with many tears and temptations, which befell me by the lying in wait of the Jews:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— serving the Lord with all lowliness, and tears, and temptations, which happened to me through the plots of the Jews;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— doing service unto the Lord, with all humility and tears, and temptations which befell me through the plots of the Jews:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— serving the Lord with all humility, and many tears, and temptations, that befell me in the counsels of the Jews against [me];
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Serving the Lord with all humility and with tears and temptations which befell me by the conspiracies of the Jews:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Seruing the Lord with all humilitie of minde, and with many teares, and temptations, which befell me by the lying in wait of the Iewes:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— serving Aloha in much lowliness and with tears, and in those temptations which passed upon me through the devices of the Jihudoyee.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— laboring for God, in great humility, and with tears, amid the trials which beset me from the plottings of Jews:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Serving 1398
{1398} Prime
δουλεύω
douleuo
{dool-yoo'-o}
From G1401; to be a slave to (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
humility of mind, 5012
{5012} Prime
ταπεινοφροσύνη
tapeinophrosune
{tap-i-nof-ros-oo'-nay}
From a compound of G5011 and the base of G5424; humiliation of mind, that is, modesty.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
with many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
tears, 1144
{1144} Prime
δάκρυ
dakru
{dak'-roo}
Of uncertain affinity; a tear.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
temptations, 3986
{3986} Prime
πειρασμός
peirasmos
{pi-ras-mos'}
From G3985; a putting to proof (by experiment [of good], experience [of evil], solicitation, discipline or provocation); by implication adversity.
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
befell 4819
{4819} Prime
συμβαίνω
sumbaino
{soom-bah'-ee-no}
From G4862 and the base of G0939; to walk (figuratively transpire) together, that is, concur (take place).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
me 3427
{3427} Prime
μοί
moi
{moy}
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
lying in wait 1917
{1917} Prime
ἐπιβουλή
epiboule
{ep-ee-boo-lay'}
From a presumed compound of G1909 and G1014; a plan against someone, that is, a plot.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Jews: 2453
{2453} Prime
Ἰουδαῖος
Ioudaios
{ee-oo-dah'-yos}
From G2448 (in the sense of G2455 as a country); Judaean, that is, belonging to Jehudah.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Acts 20:19

_ _ Serving the Lord — Jesus.

_ _ with all humility ... and many tears and temptations — Self-exaltation was unknown to him, and ease of mind: He “sowed in tears,” from anxieties both on account of the converts from whom he “travailed in birth,” and of the Jews, whose bitter hostility was perpetually plotting against him, interrupting his work and endangering his life.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 20:17-35.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 20:19

Serving — See the picture of a faithful servant! The Lord — Whose the church is, with all humility, and with tears, and trials — These are the concomicants of it. The service itself is described more particularly in the following verse. This humility he recommends to the Ephesians themselves, Ephesians 4:2. His tears are mentioned again, Acts 20:31, as also 2 Corinthians 2:4; Philippians 3:18. These passages laid together supply us with the genuine character of St. Paul. Holy tears, from those who seldom weep on account of natural occurrences, are no mean specimen of the efficacy and proof of the truth of Christianity. Yet joy is well consistent therewith, Acts 20:24. The same person may be sorrowful, yet always rejoicing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Serving:

Acts 27:23 For there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve,
John 12:26 If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will [my] Father honour.
Romans 1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,
Romans 1:9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;
Romans 12:11 Not slothful in business; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord;
Galatians 1:10 For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ.
Ephesians 6:7 With good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men:
Colossians 3:24 Knowing that of the Lord ye shall receive the reward of the inheritance: for ye serve the Lord Christ.
1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves shew of us what manner of entering in we had unto you, and how ye turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God;
2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:
Revelation 7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

with all:

1 Corinthians 15:9-10 For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. ... But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which [was bestowed] upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
2 Corinthians 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency [is] of God;
2 Corinthians 7:5 For, when we were come into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest, but we were troubled on every side; without [were] fightings, within [were] fears.
2 Corinthians 12:7-10 And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. ... Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.
Galatians 4:13-14 Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first. ... And my temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, [even] as Christ Jesus.

many:

Acts 20:31 Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.
Psalms 119:136 Rivers of waters run down mine eyes, because they keep not thy law.
Jeremiah 9:1 Oh that my head were waters, and mine eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my people!
Jeremiah 13:17 But if ye will not hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for [your] pride; and mine eye shall weep sore, and run down with tears, because the LORD'S flock is carried away captive.
Luke 19:41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,
2 Corinthians 2:4 For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote unto you with many tears; not that ye should be grieved, but that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you.
Philippians 3:18 (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the cross of Christ:
2 Timothy 1:4 Greatly desiring to see thee, being mindful of thy tears, that I may be filled with joy;

temptations:

1 Corinthians 4:9-13 For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men. ... Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, [and are] the offscouring of all things unto this day.
2 Corinthians 4:7-11 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us. ... For we which live are alway delivered unto death for Jesus' sake, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our mortal flesh.
2 Corinthians 11:23-30 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. ... If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine infirmities.
James 1:2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations;
1 Peter 1:6 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations:

by the:

Acts 20:3 And [there] abode three months. And when the Jews laid wait for him, as he was about to sail into Syria, he purposed to return through Macedonia.
Acts 9:23-25 And after that many days were fulfilled, the Jews took counsel to kill him: ... Then the disciples took him by night, and let [him] down by the wall in a basket.
Acts 13:50-51 But the Jews stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the chief men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts. ... But they shook off the dust of their feet against them, and came unto Iconium.
Acts 14:5-6 And when there was an assault made both of the Gentiles, and also of the Jews with their rulers, to use [them] despitefully, and to stone them, ... They were ware of [it], and fled unto Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lycaonia, and unto the region that lieth round about:
Acts 14:19-20 And there came thither [certain] Jews from Antioch and Iconium, who persuaded the people, and, having stoned Paul, drew [him] out of the city, supposing he had been dead. ... Howbeit, as the disciples stood round about him, he rose up, and came into the city: and the next day he departed with Barnabas to Derbe.
Acts 17:5 But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people.
Acts 17:13 But when the Jews of Thessalonica had knowledge that the word of God was preached of Paul at Berea, they came thither also, and stirred up the people.
2 Corinthians 11:26 [In] journeyings often, [in] perils of waters, [in] perils of robbers, [in] perils by [mine own] countrymen, [in] perils by the heathen, [in] perils in the city, [in] perils in the wilderness, [in] perils in the sea, [in] perils among false brethren;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 119:136. Jr 9:1; 13:17. Lk 19:41. Jn 12:26. Ac 9:23; 13:50; 14:5, 19; 17:5, 13; 20:3, 31; 27:23. Ro 1:1, 9; 12:11. 1Co 4:9; 15:9. 2Co 2:4; 3:5; 4:7; 7:5; 11:23, 26; 12:7. Ga 1:10; 4:13. Ep 6:7. Php 3:18. Col 3:24. 1Th 1:9. 2Ti 1:4. Jm 1:2. 1P 1:6. 2P 1:1. Rv 7:15.

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