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Acts 20:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And after the uproar ceased, Paul having sent for the disciples and exhorted them, took leave of them, and departed to go into Macedonia.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And after the uproar was ceased, Paul called unto [him] the disciples, and embraced [them], and departed for to go into Macedonia.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— After the uproar had ceased, Paul sent for the disciples, and when he had exhorted them and taken his leave of them, he left to go to Macedonia.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And after the uproar had ceased, Paul called to [him] the disciples, and embraced [them], and departed to go into Macedonia.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But after the tumult had ceased, Paul having called the disciples to [him] and embraced [them], went away to go to Macedonia.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, after the tumult had ceased, Paul, sending for the disciples and exhorting them, took leave, and went forth to be journeying unto Macedonia.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And after the ceasing of the tumult, Paul having called near the disciples, and having embraced [them], went forth to go on to Macedonia;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And after the tumult was ceased, Paul calling to him the disciples and exhorting them, took his leave and set forward to go into Macedonia.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And after the vprore was ceased, Paul called vnto him the disciples, and imbraced them, & departed, for to go into Macedonia.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And after the tumult had stilled, Paulos called the disciples and consoled them and kissed them, and going forth went unto Makedunia.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And after the tumult had subsided, Paul called the disciples to him, and comforted them, and kissed them, and departed, and went into Macedonia.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
after y3326
[3326] Standard
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
uproar 2351
{2351} Prime
From the base of G2360; a disturbance.
was ceased, 3973
{3973} Prime
A primn. verb ('pause'); to stop (transitive or intransitive), that is, restrain, quit, desist, come to an end.
<5670> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 29
Paul 3972
{3972} Prime
Of Latin origin; (little; but remotely from a derivative of G3973, meaning the same); Paulus, the name of a Roman and of an apostle.
called y4341
[4341] Standard
Middle voice from G4314 and G2564; to call toward oneself, that is, summon, invite.
<5666> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 88
unto x4341
(4341) Complement
Middle voice from G4314 and G2564; to call toward oneself, that is, summon, invite.
[him] the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
disciples, 3101
{3101} Prime
From G3129; a learner, that is, pupil.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
embraced 782
{0782} Prime
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and a presumed form of G4685; to enfold in the arms, that is, (by implication) to salute, (figuratively) to welcome.
<5666> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 88
[them], and departed 1831
{1831} Prime
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
for to go 4198
{4198} Prime
Middle voice from a derivative of the same as G3984; to traverse, that is, travel (literally or figuratively; especially to remove [figuratively die], live, etc.).
<5677> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 7
into 1519
{1519} Prime
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Macedonia. 3109
{3109} Prime
From G3110; Macedonia, a region of Greece.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Acts 20:1-2

_ _ Acts 20:1-12. Paul fulfils his purpose of proceeding again to Macedonia and Greece — Returning thence, on his route for Jerusalem, he revisits Philippi and Troas — His ministrations at Troas.

_ _ This section of the apostle’s life, though peculiarly rich in material, is related with great brevity in the History. Its details must be culled from his own Epistles.

_ _ departed — after Pentecost (1 Corinthians 16:8).

_ _ to go into Macedonia — in pursuance of the first part of his plan (Acts 19:21). From his Epistles we learn; (1) That, as might have been expected from its position on the coast, he revisited Troas (2 Corinthians 2:12; see on Acts 16:8). (2) That while on his former visit he appears to have done no missionary work there, he now went expressly “to preach Christ’s Gospel,” and found “a door opened unto him of the Lord” there, which he entered so effectually as to lay the foundation of a church there (Acts 20:6, Acts 20:7). (3) That he would have remained longer there but for his uneasiness at the non-arrival of Titus, whom he had dispatched to Corinth to finish the collection for the poor saints at Jerusalem (1 Corinthians 16:1, 1 Corinthians 16:2; 2 Corinthians 8:6), but still more, that he might bring him word what effect his first Epistle to that church had produced. (He had probably arranged that they should meet at Troas). (4) That in this state of mind, afraid of something wrong, he “took leave” of the brethren at Troas, and went from thence into Macedonia.

_ _ It was, no doubt, the city of Philippi that he came to (landing at Nicopolis, its seaport, see on Acts 16:11, Acts 16:12), as appears by comparing 2 Corinthians 11:9, where “Macedonia” is named, with Philippians 4:15, where it appears that Philippi is meant. Here he found the brethren, whom he had left on his former visit in circumstances of such deep interest, a consolidated and thriving church, generous and warmly attached to their father in Christ; under the superintendence, probably, of our historian, “the beloved physician” (see on Acts 16:40). All that is said by our historian of this Macedonian visit is that “he went over those parts and gave them much exhortation.” (5) Titus not having reached Philippi as soon as the apostle, “his flesh had no rest, but he was troubled on every side: without were fightings, within were fears” (2 Corinthians 7:5). (6) At length Titus arrived, to the joy of the apostle, the bearer of better tidings from Corinth than he had dared to expect (2 Corinthians 7:6, 2 Corinthians 7:7, 2 Corinthians 7:13), but checkered by painful intelligence of the efforts of a hostile party to undermine his apostolic reputation there (2 Corinthians 10:1-18). (7) Under the mixed feelings which this produced, he wrote — from Macedonia, and probably Philippi — his Second Epistle to the Corinthians (see on Introduction to Second Corinthians); dispatching Titus with it, and along with him two other unnamed deputies, expressly chosen to take up and bring their collection for the poor saints at Jerusalem, and to whom he bears the beautiful testimony, that they were “the glory of Christ” (2 Corinthians 8:22, 2 Corinthians 8:23). (8) It must have been at this time that he penetrated as far as to the confines of “Illyricum,” lying along the shores of the Adriatic (Romans 15:19). He would naturally wish that his second Letter to the Corinthians should have some time to produce its proper effect ere he revisited them, and this would appear a convenient opportunity for a northwestern circuit, which would enable him to pay a passing visit to the churches at Thessalonica and Berea, though of this we have no record. On his way southward to Greece, he would preach the Gospel in the intermediate regions of Epirus, Thessaly, and Boeotia (see Romans 15:19), though of this we have no record.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Acts 20:1-6

_ _ These travels of Paul which are thus briefly related, if all in them had been recorded that was memorable and worthy to be written in letters of gold, the world would not contain the books that would have been written; and therefore we have only some general hints of occurrences, which therefore ought to be the more precious. Here is,

_ _ I. Paul's departure from Ephesus. He had tarried there longer than he had done at any one place since he had been ordained to the apostleship of the Gentiles; and now it was time to think of removing, for he must preach in other cities also; but after this, to the end of the scripture-history of his life (which is all we can depend upon), we never find him breaking up fresh ground again, nor preaching the gospel where Christ had not been named, as hitherto he had done (Romans 15:20), for in the close of the next chapter we find him made a prisoner, and so continued, and so left, at the end of this book. 1. Paul left Ephesus soon after the uproar had ceased, looking upon the disturbance he met with there to be an indication of Providence to him not to stay there any longer, Acts 20:1. His removal might somewhat appease the rage of his adversaries, and gain better quarter for the Christians there. Currenti cede furori — It is good to lie by in a storm. Yet some think that before he now left Ephesus he wrote the first epistle to the Corinthians, and that his fighting with beasts at Ephesus, which he mentions in that epistle, was a figurative description of this uproar; but I rather take that literally. 2. He did not leave them abruptly and in a fright, but took leave of them solemnly: He called unto him the disciples, the principal persons of the congregation, and embraced them, took leave of them (saith the Syriac) with the kiss of love, according to the usage of the primitive church. Loving friends know not how well they love one another till they come to part, and then it appears how near they lay to one another's hearts.

_ _ II. His visitation of the Greek churches, which he had planted, and more than once watered, and which appear to have laid very near his heart. 1. He went first to Macedonia (Acts 20:1), according to his purpose before the uproar (Acts 19:21); there he visited the churches of Philippi and Thessalonica, and gave them much exhortation, Acts 20:2. Paul's visits to his friends were preaching visits, and his preaching was large and copious: He gave them much exhortation; he had a great deal to say to them, and did not stint himself in time; he exhorted them to many duties, in many cases, and (as some read it) with many reasonings. He enforced his exhortation with a great variety of motives and arguments. 2. He staid three months in Greece (Acts 20:2, Acts 20:3), that is, in Achaia, as some think, for thither also he purposed to go, to Corinth, and thereabouts (Acts 19:21), and, no doubt, there also he gave the disciples much exhortation, to direct and confirm them, and engage them to cleave to the Lord.

_ _ III. The altering of his measures; for we cannot always stand to our purposes. Accidents unforeseen put us upon new counsels, which oblige us to purpose with a proviso. 1. Paul was about to sail into Syria, to Antioch, whence he was first sent out into the service of the Gentiles, and which therefore in his journeys he generally contrived to take in his way; but he changed his mind, and resolved to return to Macedonia, the same way he came. 2. The reason was because the Jews, expecting he would steer that course as usual, had way-laid him, designing to be the death of him; since they could not get him out of the way by stirring up both mobs and magistrates against him, which they had often attempted, they contrived to assassinate him. Some think they laid wait for him, to rob him of the money that he was carrying to Jerusalem for the relief of the poor saints there; but, considering how very spiteful the Jews were against him, I suppose they thirsted for his blood more than for his money.

_ _ IV. His companions in his travels when he went into Asia; they are here named, Acts 20:4. Some of them were ministers, whether they were all so or no is not certain. Sopater of Berea, it is likely, is the same with Sosipater, who is mentioned Romans 16:21. Timothy is reckoned among them, for though Paul, when he departed from Ephesus (Acts 20:1), left Timothy there, and afterwards wrote his first epistle to him thither, to direct him as an evangelist how to settle the church there, and in what hands to leave it (see 1 Timothy 1:3; 1 Timothy 3:14, 1 Timothy 3:15), which epistle was intended for direction to Timothy what to do, not only at Ephesus where he now was, but also at other places where he should be in like manner left, or whither he should be sent to reside as an evangelist (and not to him only, but to the other evangelists that attended Paul, and were in like manner employed); yet he soon followed him, and accompanied him, with others here named. Now, one would think, this was no good husbandry, to have all these worthy men accompanying Paul, for there was more need of them where Paul was not than where he was; but so it was ordered, 1. That they might assist him in instructing such as by his preaching were awakened and startled; wherever Paul came, the waters were stirred, and then there was need of many hands to help the cripples in. It was time to strike when the iron was hot. 2. That they might be trained up by him, and fitted for future service, might fully know his doctrine and manner of life, 2 Timothy 3:10. Paul's bodily presence was weak and despicable, and therefore these friends of his accompanied him, to put a reputation upon him, to keep him in countenance, and to intimate to strangers, who would be apt to judge by the sight of the eye, that he had a great deal in him truly valuable, which was not discovered upon the outward appearance.

_ _ V. His coming to Troas, where he had appointed a general rendezvous of his friends. 1. They went before, and staid for him at Troas (Acts 20:5), designing to go along with him to Jerusalem, as Trophimus particularly did, Acts 21:29. We should not think it hard to stay awhile for good company in a journey. 2. Paul made the best of his way thither; and, it should seem, Luke was now in company with him; for he says We sailed from Philippi (Acts 20:6), and the first time we find him in his company was here at Troas, Acts 16:11. The days of unleavened bread are mentioned only to describe the time, not to intimate that Paul kept the passover after the manner of the Jews; for just about this time he had written in his first epistle to the church at Corinth, and taught, that Christs is our Passover, and a Christian life our feast of unleavened bread (1 Corinthians 5:7, 1 Corinthians 5:8), and when the substance was come the shadow was done away. He came to them to Troas, by sea, in five days, and when he was there staid but seven days. There is no remedy, but a great deal of time will unavoidably be lost in travelling to and fro, by those who go about doing good, yet it shall not be put upon the score of lost time. Paul thought it worth while to bestow five days in going to Troas, though it was but for an opportunity of seven days' stay there; but he knew, and so should we, how to redeem even journeying time, and make it turn to some good account.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 20:1

After the tumult was ceased — So Demetrius gained nothing. Paul remained there till all was quiet.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 20:1

And (1) after the uproar was ceased, Paul called unto [him] the disciples, and embraced [them], and departed for to go into Macedonia.

(1) Paul departs from Ephesus by the consent of the church, not to be idle or at rest, but to take pains in another place.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Acts 19:23-41 And the same time there arose no small stir about that way. ... And when he had thus spoken, he dismissed the assembly.


Acts 20:10 And Paul went down, and fell on him, and embracing [him] said, Trouble not yourselves; for his life is in him.
Acts 20:37 And they all wept sore, and fell on Paul's neck, and kissed him,
Acts 21:5-6 And when we had accomplished those days, we departed and went our way; and they all brought us on our way, with wives and children, till [we were] out of the city: and we kneeled down on the shore, and prayed. ... And when we had taken our leave one of another, we took ship; and they returned home again.
Genesis 48:10 Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, [so that] he could not see. And he brought them near unto him; and he kissed them, and embraced them.
1 Samuel 20:41-42 [And] as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of [a place] toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded. ... And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.
Romans 16:16 Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you.
1 Corinthians 16:20 All the brethren greet you. Greet ye one another with an holy kiss.
2 Corinthians 13:12 Greet one another with an holy kiss.
1 Thessalonians 5:26 Greet all the brethren with an holy kiss.

to go:

Acts 19:21 After these things were ended, Paul purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have been there, I must also see Rome.
1 Corinthians 16:5 Now I will come unto you, when I shall pass through Macedonia: for I do pass through Macedonia.
2 Corinthians 7:5 For, when we were come into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest, but we were troubled on every side; without [were] fightings, within [were] fears.
1 Timothy 1:3 As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 48:10. 1S 20:41. Ac 19:21, 23; 20:10, 37; 21:5. Ro 16:16. 1Co 16:5, 20. 2Co 7:5; 13:12. 1Th 5:26. 1Ti 1:3.

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