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Acts 2:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And there appeared unto them tongues parting asunder, like as of fire; and it sat upon each one of them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and they rested on each one of them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And there appeared to them, cloven tongues as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And there appeared to them parted tongues, as of fire, and it sat upon each one of them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And there appeared unto them—parting asunder—tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each one of them;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and there appeared to them divided tongues, as it were of fire; it sat also upon each one of them,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And there appeared to them parted tongues, as it were of fire: and it sat upon every one of them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And there appeared vnto them clouen tongues, like as of fire, and it sate vpon each of them.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and tongues that were divided like fire appeared to them, and sat upon each one of them.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And there appeared to them tongues, which were divided like flame; and they rested upon each of them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
there appeared 3700
{3700} Prime
ὀπτάνομαι
optanomai
{op-tan'-om-ahee}
The first a (middle voice) prolonged form of the second (primary) which is used for it in certain tenses; and both as alternates of G3708; to gaze (that is, with wide open eyes, as at something remarkable; and thus differing from G0991, which denotes simply voluntary observation; and from G1492, which expresses merely mechanical, passive or casual vision; while G2300, and still more emphatically its intensive G2334, signifies an earnest but more continued inspection; and G4648 a watching from a distance).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
unto them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
cloven 1266
{1266} Prime
διαμερίζω
diamerizo
{dee-am-er-id'-zo}
From G1223 and G3307; to partition thoroughly (literally in distribution, figuratively in dissension).
z5730
<5730> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Either Middle or Passive (See G5787)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 13
tongues 1100
{1100} Prime
γλῶσσα
glossa
{gloce-sah'}
Of uncertain affinity; the tongue; by implication a language (specifically one naturally unacquired).
like as 5616
{5616} Prime
ὡσεί
hosei
{ho-si'}
From G5613 and G1487; as if.
of fire, 4442
{4442} Prime
πῦρ
pur
{poor}
A primary word; 'fire' (literally or figuratively, specifically lightning).
and 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
it sat 2523
{2523} Prime
καθίζω
kathizo
{kath-id'-zo}
Another (active) form for G2516; to seat down, that is, set (figuratively appoint); intransitively to sit (down); figuratively to settle (hover, dwell).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
each 1538
{1538} Prime
ἕκαστος
hekastos
{hek'-as-tos}
As if a superlative of ἕκας [[hekas]] (afar); each or every.
1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
of them. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 2:1-4.


Acts 2:3

_ _ cloven tongues, like as of fire, etc. — “disparted tongues,” that is, tongue-shaped, flame-like appearances, rising from a common center or root, and resting upon each of that large company: — beautiful visible symbol of the burning energy of the Spirit now descending in all His plenitude upon the Church, and about to pour itself through every tongue, and over every tribe of men under heaven!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 2:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 2:3

And there appeared distinct tongues, as of fire — That is, small flames of fire. This is all which the phrase, tongues of fire, means in the language of the seventy. Yet it might intimate God's touching their tongues as it were (together with their hearts) with Divine fire: his giving them such words as were active and penetrating, even as flaming fire.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cloven:

Acts 2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
Acts 2:11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.
Genesis 11:6 And the LORD said, Behold, the people [is] one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do.
Psalms 55:9 Destroy, O Lord, [and] divide their tongues: for I have seen violence and strife in the city.
1 Corinthians 12:10 To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another [divers] kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues:
Revelation 14:6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,

like:

Isaiah 6:5 Then said I, Woe [is] me! for I am undone; because I [am] a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts.
Jeremiah 23:29 [Is] not my word like as a fire? saith the LORD; and like a hammer [that] breaketh the rock in pieces?
Malachi 3:2-3 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he [is] like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap: ... And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
Matthew 3:11 I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and [with] fire:
Luke 24:32 And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?
James 3:6 And the tongue [is] a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.
Revelation 11:3 And I will give [power] unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred [and] threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.

sat:

Acts 1:15 And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, (the number of names together were about an hundred and twenty,)
Isaiah 11:2-3 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; ... And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
Matthew 3:15 And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer [it to be so] now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him.
John 1:32-33 And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him. ... And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 11:6. Ps 55:9. Is 6:5; 11:2. Jr 23:29. Mal 3:2. Mt 3:11, 15. Lk 24:32. Jn 1:32. Ac 1:15; 2:4, 11. 1Co 12:10. Jm 3:6. Rv 11:3; 14:6.

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