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Acts 19:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If therefore Demetrius, and the craftsmen that are with him, have a matter against any man, the courts are open, and there are proconsuls: let them accuse one another.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are deputies: let them implead one another.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “So then, if Demetrius and the craftsmen who are with him have a complaint against any man, the courts are in session and proconsuls are [available]; let them bring charges against one another.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore, if Demetrius and the artificers who are with him, have a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are deputies: let them implead one another.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If therefore Demetrius and the artisans who [are] with him have a matter against any one, the courts are being held, and there are proconsuls: let them accuse one another.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If then, Demetrius, and the craftsmen with him, have against anyone an accusation, courts, are being held, and there are, proconsuls: let them accuse one another!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— if indeed, therefore, Demetrius and the artificers with him with any one have a matter, court [days] are held, and there are proconsuls; let them accuse one another.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But if Demetrius and the craftsmen that are with him have a matter against any man, the courts of justice are open: and there are proconsuls. Let them accuse one another.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftesmen which are with him, haue a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are deputies, let them implead one another.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But if this Dimitrios and the sons of his craft have strife with any man, behold, the proconsul is in the city, (and) there are officers: let them go nigh and judge one with another.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But if Demetrius and the men of his trade have a controversy with any one, lo, there is a proconsul in the city, they are men of dexterity, let them approach and litigate with one another.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
y3303
[3303] Standard
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
x3303
(3303) Complement
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
Demetrius, 1216
{1216} Prime
Δημήτριος
Demetrios
{day-may'-tree-os}
From Δημήτηρ [[Demeter]] (Ceres); Demetrius, the name of an Ephesian and of a Christian.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
craftsmen 5079
{5079} Prime
τεχνίτης
technites
{tekh-nee'-tace}
From G5078; an artisan; figuratively a founder (Creator).
which are with 4862
{4862} Prime
σύν
sun
{soon}
A primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than G3326 or G3844), that is, by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
a matter 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
against 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
any man, 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
the law y60
[0060] Standard
ἀγοραῖος
agoraios
{ag-or-ah'-yos}
From G0058; relating to the market place, that is, forensic (times); by implication vulgar.
is open, 71
{0071} Prime
ἄγω
ago
{ag'-o}
A primary verb; properly to lead; by implication to bring, drive, (reflexively) go, (specifically) pass (time), or (figuratively) induce.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
x60
(0060) Complement
ἀγοραῖος
agoraios
{ag-or-ah'-yos}
From G0058; relating to the market place, that is, forensic (times); by implication vulgar.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
there are 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
deputies: 446
{0446} Prime
ἀνθύπατος
anthupatos
{anth-oo'-pat-os}
From G0473 and a superlative of G5228; instead of the highest officer, that is, (specifically) a Roman proconsul.
let them implead 1458
{1458} Prime
ἐγκαλέω
egkaleo
{eng-kal-eh'-o}
From G1722 and G2564; to call in (as a debt or demand), that is, bring to account (charge, criminate, etc.).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
one another. 240
{0240} Prime
ἀλλήλων
allelon
{al-lay'-lone}
Genitive plural from G0243 reduplicated; one another. (Sometimes with G3326 or G4314.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 19:35-41.


Acts 19:38

_ _ if Demetrius have a matter — of complaint.

_ _ against any man, the law is open — rather, “the court days are being held.”

_ _ and there are deputies — literally “proconsuls” (see on Acts 13:7); that is, probably, the proconsul and his council, as a court of appeal.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 19:21-41.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 19:38

There are proconsuls — One in every province. There was one at Ephesus.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 19:38

Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a (o) matter against any man, the (p) law is open, and there are (q) deputies: let them implead one another.

(o) Have anything to accuse any man of.

(p) For there are certain days appointed for civil causes and matters of judgment, and the deputies sit on those days.

(q) By the deputies are meant also the deputies' substitutes, that is, those who sat for them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Demetrius:

Acts 19:24 For a certain [man] named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen;

have:

Acts 18:14 And when Paul was now about to open [his] mouth, Gallio said unto the Jews, If it were a matter of wrong or wicked lewdness, O [ye] Jews, reason would that I should bear with you:
Deuteronomy 17:8 If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke, [being] matters of controversy within thy gates: then shalt thou arise, and get thee up into the place which the LORD thy God shall choose;
1 Corinthians 6:1 Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints?

the law is open:
or, the court-days are kept
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Dt 17:8. Ac 18:14; 19:24. 1Co 6:1.

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