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Acts 17:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The times of ignorance therefore God overlooked; but now he commandeth men that they should all everywhere repent:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Therefore having overlooked the times of ignorance, God is now declaring to men that all [people] everywhere should repent,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— God therefore, having overlooked the times of ignorance, now enjoins men that they shall all everywhere repent,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The times of ignorance, therefore, overlooking, God, as things now are, is charging all men everywhere to repent,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— the times, indeed, therefore, of the ignorance God having overlooked, doth now command all men everywhere to reform,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And God indeed having winked at the times of this ignorance, now declareth unto men that all should every where do penance.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the times of this ignorance God winked at, but now commandeth all men euery where to repent:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the times of error Aloha hath made to pass away; and in this time he commandeth all men, that every man in every place should repent;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the times of this error God hath made to pass away; and at the present time, he commandeth all men, that each individual, in every place, should repent.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 3303
{3303} Prime
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
{3767} Prime
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
times 5550
{5550} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; a space of time (in genitive case, and thus properly distinguished from G2540, which designates a fixed or special occasion; and from G0165, which denotes a particular period) or interval; by extension an individual opportunity; by implication delay.
of this ignorance 52
{0052} Prime
From G0050; ignorance (properly the quality).
God 2316
{2316} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
winked x5237
(5237) Complement
From G5228 and G1492; to overlook, that is, not punish.
at; y5237
[5237] Standard
From G5228 and G1492; to overlook, that is, not punish.
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
but now 3569
{3569} Prime
From neuter plural of G3588 and G3568; the things now, that is, (adverb) at present.
commandeth 3853
{3853} Prime
From G3844 and the base of G0032; to transmit a message, that is, (by implication) to enjoin.
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
all 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
men 444
{0444} Prime
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
every where 3837
{3837} Prime
Genitive case (as adverb of place) of a presumed derivative of G3956; universally.
to repent: 3340
{3340} Prime
From G3326 and G3539; to think differently or afterwards, that is, reconsider (morally to feel compunction).
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Acts 17:30

_ _ the times of this ignorance God winked at — literally (and far better), “overlooked,” that is, bore with, without interposing to punish it, otherwise than suffering the debasing tendency of such worship to develop itself (compare Acts 14:16, and see on Romans 1:24, etc.).

_ _ but now — that a new light was risen upon the world.

_ _ commandeth — “That duty — all along lying upon man estranged from his Creator, but hitherto only silently recommending itself and little felt — is now peremptory.”

_ _ all men every where to repent — (compare Colossians 1:6, Colossians 1:23; Titus 1:11) — a tacit allusion to the narrow precincts of favored Judaism, within which immediate and entire repentance was ever urged. The word “repentance” is here used (as in Luke 13:3, Luke 13:5; Luke 15:10) in its most comprehensive sense of “repentance unto life.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 17:22-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 17:30

The times of ignorance — What! does he object ignorance to the knowing Athenians? Yes, and they acknowledge it by this very altar. God overlooked — As one paraphrases, "The beams of his eye did in a manner shoot over it." He did not appear to take notice of them, by sending express messages to them as he did to the Jews. But now — This day, this hour, saith Paul, puts an end to the Divine forbearance, and brings either greater mercy or punishment. Now he commandeth all men every where to repent — There is a dignity and grandeur in this expression, becoming an ambassador from the King of heaven. And this universal demand of repentance declared universal guilt in the strongest manner, and admirably confronted the pride of the haughtiest Stoic of them all. At the same time it bore down the idle plea of fatality. For how could any one repent of doing what he could not but have done?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 17:30

(15) And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:

(15) The oldness of the error does not excuse those that err, but it commends and sets forth the patience of God, who nonetheless will be a just judge to those who condemn him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the times:

Acts 14:16 Who in times past suffered all nations to walk in their own ways.
Psalms 50:21 These [things] hast thou done, and I kept silence; thou thoughtest that I was altogether [such an one] as thyself: [but] I will reprove thee, and set [them] in order before thine eyes.
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
Romans 3:25 Whom God hath set forth [to be] a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;


Acts 3:19 Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord;
Acts 11:18 When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.
Acts 20:21 Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.
Acts 26:17-20 Delivering thee from the people, and [from] the Gentiles, unto whom now I send thee, ... But shewed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and [then] to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance.
Matthew 3:2 And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
Matthew 4:17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
Mark 6:12 And they went out, and preached that men should repent.
Luke 13:5 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.
Luke 15:10 Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth.
Luke 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
Romans 2:4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?
2 Corinthians 7:10 For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death.
Ephesians 4:17-32 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, ... And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you.
Ephesians 5:6-8 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. ... For ye were sometimes darkness, but now [are ye] light in the Lord: walk as children of light:
Titus 2:11-12 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, ... Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;
1 Peter 1:14-15 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance: ... But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation;
1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 50:21. Mt 3:2; 4:17. Mk 6:12. Lk 13:5; 15:10; 24:47. Ac 3:19; 11:18; 14:16; 20:21; 26:17. Ro 1:28; 2:4; 3:23, 25. 2Co 7:10. Ep 4:17; 5:6. Tit 2:11. 1P 1:14; 4:3.

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