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Acts 16:40 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they went out of the prison, and entered into [the house] of Lydia: and when they had seen the brethren, they comforted them, and departed.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they went out of the prison, and entered into [the house of] Lydia: and when they had seen the brethren, they comforted them, and departed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They went out of the prison and entered [the house of] Lydia, and when they saw the brethren, they encouraged them and departed.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they went out of the prison, and entered into [the house of] Lydia: and when they had seen the brethren, they comforted them, and departed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And having gone out of the prison, they came to Lydia; and having seen the brethren, they exhorted them and went away.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And so, coming forth from the prison, they went unto Lydia, and, seeing the brethren, they comforted them, and went forth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they, having gone forth out of the prison, entered into [the house of] Lydia, and having seen the brethren, they comforted them, and went forth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they went out of the prison and entered into the house of Lydia: and having seen the brethren, they comforted them and departed.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they went out of the prison, and entred into [the house] of Lydia, and when they had seene the brethren, they comforted them, and departed.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And when they had gone forth from the house of the bound, they entered with Lydia, and there saw the brethren, and consoled them.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when they came out from the prison, they entered the house of Lydia; and there they saw the brethren, and comforted them, and departed.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
they went 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
out of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
prison, 5438
{5438} Prime
φυλακή
phulake
{foo-lak-ay'}
From G5442; a guarding or (concretely guard), the act, the parson; figuratively the place, the condition, or (specifically) the time (as a division of day or night), literally or figuratively.
and entered 1525
{1525} Prime
εἰσέρχομαι
eiserchomai
{ice-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1519 and G2064; to enter (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
[the house of] Lydia: 3070
{3070} Prime
Λυδία
Ludia
{loo-dee'-ah}
Properly feminine of Λύδιος [[Ludios]] (of foreign origin; a Lydian, in Asia Minor); Lydia, a Christian woman.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when they had seen 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
brethren, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
they comforted 3870
{3870} Prime
παρακαλέω
parakaleo
{par-ak-al-eh'-o}
From G3844 and G2564; to call near, that is, invite, invoke (by imploration, hortation or consolation).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
departed. 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 16:39-40.


Acts 16:40

_ _ And they went out of the prison — Having attained their object — to vindicate their civil rights, by the infraction of which in this case the Gospel in their persons had been illegally affronted — they had no mind to carry the matter farther. Their citizenship was valuable to them only as a shield against unnecessary injuries to their Master’s cause. What a beautiful mixture of dignity and meekness is this! Nothing secular, which may be turned to the account of the Gospel, is morbidly disregarded; in any other view, nothing of this nature is set store by: — an example this for all ages.

_ _ and entered into the house of Lydia — as if to show by this leisurely proceeding that they had not been made to leave, but were at full liberty to consult their own convenience.

_ _ and when they had seen the brethren — not only her family and the jailer’s, but probably others now gained to the Gospel.

_ _ they comforted them — rather, perhaps, “exhorted” them, which would include comfort. “This assembly of believers in the house of Lydia was the first church that had been founded in Europe” [Baumgarten].

_ _ and departed — but not all; for two of the company remained behind (see on Acts 17:14): Timotheus, of whom the Philippians “learned the proof” that he honestly cared for their state, and was truly like-minded with Paul, “serving with him in the Gospel as a son with his father” (Philippians 2:19-23); and Luke, “whose praise is in the Gospel,” though he never praises himself or relates his own labors, and though we only trace his movements in connection with Paul, by the change of a pronoun, or the unconscious variation of his style. In the seventeenth chapter the narrative is again in the third person, and the pronoun is not changed to the second till we come to Acts 20:5. The modesty with which Luke leaves out all mention of his own labors need hardly be pointed out. We shall trace him again when he rejoins Paul in the same neighborhood. His vocation as a physician may have brought him into connection with these contiguous coasts of Asia and Europe, and he may (as Mr. Smith suggests, “Shipwreck,” etc.) have been in the habit of exercising his professional skill as a surgeon at sea [Howson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 16:35-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 16:40

When they had seen the brethren, they comforted them and departed — Though many circumstances now invited their stay, yet they wisely complied with the request of the magistrates, that they might not seem to express any degree of obstinacy or revenge, or give any suspicion of a design to stir up the people.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 16:40

(22) And they went out of the prison, and entered into [the house of] Lydia: and when they had seen the brethren, they comforted them, and departed.

(22) We may avoid dangers in such a way that we never neglect our duty.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and entered:

Acts 16:14 And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard [us]: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.
Acts 4:23 And being let go, they went to their own company, and reported all that the chief priests and elders had said unto them.
Acts 12:12-17 And when he had considered [the thing], he came to the house of Mary the mother of John, whose surname was Mark; where many were gathered together praying. ... But he, beckoning unto them with the hand to hold their peace, declared unto them how the Lord had brought him out of the prison. And he said, Go shew these things unto James, and to the brethren. And he departed, and went into another place.

they comforted:

Acts 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, [and] exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.
2 Corinthians 1:3-7 Blessed [be] God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort; ... And our hope of you [is] stedfast, knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so [shall ye be] also of the consolation.
2 Corinthians 4:8-12 [We are] troubled on every side, yet not distressed; [we are] perplexed, but not in despair; ... So then death worketh in us, but life in you.
2 Corinthians 4:16-18 For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward [man] is renewed day by day. ... While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen [are] temporal; but the things which are not seen [are] eternal.
1 Thessalonians 3:2-3 And sent Timotheus, our brother, and minister of God, and our fellowlabourer in the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith: ... That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves know that we are appointed thereunto.
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Ac 4:23; 12:12; 14:22; 16:14. 2Co 1:3; 4:8, 16. 1Th 3:2.

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