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Acts 16:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the multitude rose up together against them: and the magistrates rent their garments off them, and commanded to beat them with rods.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the multitude rose up together against them: and the magistrates rent off their clothes, and commanded to beat [them].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The crowd rose up together against them, and the chief magistrates tore their robes off them and proceeded to order [them] to be beaten with rods.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the multitude rose together against them: and the magistrates rent off their clothes, and commanded to beat [them].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the crowd rose up too against them; and the praetors, having torn off their clothes, commanded to scourge [them].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the multitude rose up together against them, and, the magistrates, rending off them their mantles, were giving orders to beat them with rods;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the multitude rose up together against them, and the magistrates having torn their garments from them, were commanding to beat [them] with rods,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the people ran together against them: and the magistrates, rending off their clothes, commanded them to be beaten with rods.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the multitude rose vp together against them, and the Magistrates rent off their clothes, and commanded to beate them.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And a great gathering assembled against them. Then the prefects rent their vestments, and commanded to scourge them.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And a great company was collected against them. Then the prefects rent their garments, and commanded to scourge them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
multitude 3793
{3793} Prime
ὄχλος
ochlos
{okh'-los}
From a derivative of G2192 (meaning a vehicle); a throng (as borne along); by implication the rabble; by extension a class of people; figuratively a riot.
rose up together 4911
{4911} Prime
συνεφίστημι
sunephistemi
{soon-ef-is'-tay-mee}
From G4862 and G2186; to stand up together, that is, to resist (or assault) jointly.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
against 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
them: 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
magistrates 4755
{4755} Prime
στρατηγός
strategos
{strat-ay-gos'}
From the base of G4756 and G0071 or G2233; a general, that is, (by implication or analogy) a (military) governor (praetor), the chief (praefect) of the (Levitical) temple wardens.
rent off 4048
{4048} Prime
περι[ρ]ρήγνυμι
perirrhegnumi
{per-ir-hrayg'-noo-mee}
From G4012 and G4486; to tear all around, that is, completely away.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
their 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
clothes, 2440
{2440} Prime
ἱμάτιον
himation
{him-at'-ee-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of ἕννυμι [[ennumi]] (to put on); a dress (inner or outer).
and commanded 2753
{2753} Prime
κελεύω
keleuo
{kel-yoo'-o}
From a primary word κέλλω [[kello]] (to urge on); 'hail'; to incite by word, that is, order.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
to beat 4463
{4463} Prime
ῥαβδίζω
rhabdizo
{hrab-did'-zo}
From G4464; to strike with a stick, that is, bastinado.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
[them].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Acts 16:22

_ _ the multitude rose up together against them — so Acts 19:28, Acts 19:34; Acts 21:30; Luke 23:18.

_ _ the magistrates rent off their — Paul’s and Silas’

_ _ clothes — that is, ordered the lictors, or rod-bearers, to tear them off, so as to expose their naked bodies (see on Acts 16:37). The word expresses the roughness with which this was done to prisoners preparatory to whipping.

_ _ and commanded to beat them — without any trial (Acts 16:37), to appease the popular rage. Thrice, it seems, Paul endured this indignity (2 Corinthians 11:25).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 16:16-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 16:22

(14) And the multitude rose up together against them: and the magistrates rent off their clothes, and commanded to beat [them].

(14) An example of evil magistrates, to obey the fury and rage of the people.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the multitude:

Acts 17:5 But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people.
Acts 18:12 And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat,
Acts 19:28-41 And when they heard [these sayings], they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying, Great [is] Diana of the Ephesians. ... And when he had thus spoken, he dismissed the assembly.
Acts 21:30-31 And all the city was moved, and the people ran together: and they took Paul, and drew him out of the temple: and forthwith the doors were shut. ... And as they went about to kill him, tidings came unto the chief captain of the band, that all Jerusalem was in an uproar.
Acts 22:22-23 And they gave him audience unto this word, and [then] lifted up their voices, and said, Away with such a [fellow] from the earth: for it is not fit that he should live. ... And as they cried out, and cast off [their] clothes, and threw dust into the air,

the magistrates:

Acts 16:37 But Paul said unto them, They have beaten us openly uncondemned, being Romans, and have cast [us] into prison; and now do they thrust us out privily? nay verily; but let them come themselves and fetch us out.
Acts 5:40 And to him they agreed: and when they had called the apostles, and beaten [them], they commanded that they should not speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go.
Acts 22:24-26 The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle, and bade that he should be examined by scourging; that he might know wherefore they cried so against him. ... When the centurion heard [that], he went and told the chief captain, saying, Take heed what thou doest: for this man is a Roman.
Matthew 10:17 But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues;
Matthew 27:26 Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered [him] to be crucified.
2 Corinthians 6:5 In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings, in fastings;
2 Corinthians 11:23-25 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. ... Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep;
1 Thessalonians 2:2 But even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as ye know, at Philippi, we were bold in our God to speak unto you the gospel of God with much contention.
Hebrews 11:36 And others had trial of [cruel] mockings and scourgings, yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonment:
1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 10:17; 27:26. Ac 5:40; 16:37; 17:5; 18:12; 19:28; 21:30; 22:22, 24. 2Co 6:5; 11:23. 1Th 2:2. He 11:36. 1P 2:24.

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