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Acts 14:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And yet He left not himself without witness, in that he did good and gave you from heaven rains and fruitful seasons, filling your hearts with food and gladness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Nevertheless he left not himself without witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and yet He did not leave Himself without witness, in that He did good and gave you rains from heaven and fruitful seasons, satisfying your hearts with food and gladness.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Nevertheless he left not himself without witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— though indeed he did not leave himself without witness, doing good, and giving to you from heaven rain and fruitful seasons, filling your hearts with food and gladness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Although, not without witness, he left himself, doing good, from heaven, upon you, giving rain and fruitful seasons, filling, with food and gladness, your hearts.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— though, indeed, without witness He did not leave himself, doing good—from heaven giving rains to us, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Nevertheless he left not himself without testimony, doing good from heaven, giving rains and fruitful Seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Neuerthelesse, he left not himselfe without witnesse, in that he did good, and gaue vs raine from heauen, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladnesse.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— yet leaving not himself without witness, while he did them good from heaven, and sent down rain, and multiplied the fruits in their times, and filled with food and gladness their hearts.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— although he did not leave himself without testimony, while he did them good from heaven, and sent down the rain, and made the fruits to grow in their seasons, and filled their hearts with food and pleasure.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Nevertheless 2544
{2544} Prime
καίτοιγε
kaitoige
{kah'-ee-toyg-eh}
From G2543 and G1065; and yet indeed, that is, although really.
y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he left 863
{0863} Prime
ἀφίημι
aphiemi
{af-ee'-ay-mee}
From G0575 and ἵημι [[hiemi]] (to send; an intensive form of εἶμι [[eimi]] (to go)); to send forth, in various applications.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
himself 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
without witness, 267
{0267} Prime
ἀμάρτυρος
amarturos
{am-ar'-too-ros}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a form of G3144; unattested.
in that he did good, 15
{0015} Prime
ἀγαθοποιέω
agathopoieo
{ag-ath-op-oy-eh'-o}
From G0017; to be a well-doer (as a favor or a duty).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
rain 5205
{5205} Prime
ὑετός
huetos
{hoo-et-os'}
From a primary word ὕω [[huo]] (to rain); rain, especially a shower.
from heaven, 3771
{3771} Prime
οὐρανόθεν
ouranothen
{oo-ran-oth'-en}
From G3772 and the enclitic of source; from the sky.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
fruitful 2593
{2593} Prime
καρποφόρος
karpophoros
{kar-pof-or'-os}
From G2590 and G5342; fruitbearing (figuratively).
seasons, 2540
{2540} Prime
καιρός
kairos
{kahee-ros'}
Of uncertain affinity; an occasion, that is, set or proper time.
filling 1705
{1705} Prime
ἐμπί[μ]πλημι
empiplemi
{em-pip'-lay-mee}
From G1722 and the base of G4118; to fill in (up), that is, (by implication) to satisfy (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
hearts 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
with food 5160
{5160} Prime
τροφή
trophe
{trof-ay'}
From G5142; nourishment (literally or figuratively); by implication rations (wages).
and y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
x532
(0532) Complement
ἀπαρασκεύαστος
aparaskeuastos
{ap-ar-ask-yoo'-as-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G3903; unready.
gladness. 2167
{2167} Prime
εὐφροσύνη
euphrosune
{yoo-fros-oo'-nay}
From the same as G2165; joyfulness.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 14:14-18.


Acts 14:17

_ _ Nevertheless he left not himself without witness — Though the heinousness of idolatry is represented as so much less in the heathen, by how much they were outside the pale of revealed religion, he takes care to add that the heathen have divine “witness” enough to leave them “without excuse.”

_ _ he did good — scattering His beneficence everywhere and in a thousand forms.

_ _ rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons — on which human subsistence and all human enjoyment depend. In Lycaonia, where, as ancient writers attest, rain is peculiarly scarce, this allusion would have all the greater effect.

_ _ filling our hearts with food and gladness — a natural colloquialism, the heart being gladdened by the food supplied to the body.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 14:8-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 14:17

He left not himself without witness — For the heathens had always from God himself a testimony both of his existence and of his providence; in that he did good — Even by punishments he testifies of himself; but more peculiarly by benefits; giving rain — By which air, earth, and sea, are, as it were, all joined together; from heaven — The seat of God; to which St. Paul probably pointed while he spoke, filling the body with food, the soul with gladness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he left:

Acts 17:27-28 That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after him, and find him, though he be not far from every one of us: ... For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring.
Psalms 19:1-4 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. ... Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,
Romans 1:19-20 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed [it] unto them. ... For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:

in that:

Psalms 36:5-7 Thy mercy, O LORD, [is] in the heavens; [and] thy faithfulness [reacheth] unto the clouds. ... How excellent [is] thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings.
Psalms 52:1 [[To the chief Musician, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David, when Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul, and said unto him, David is come to the house of Ahimelech.]] Why boastest thou thyself in mischief, O mighty man? the goodness of God [endureth] continually.
Psalms 104:24-28 O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches. ... [That] thou givest them they gather: thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good.
Psalms 145:9 The LORD [is] good to all: and his tender mercies [are] over all his works.
Psalms 145:15-16 The eyes of all wait upon thee; and thou givest them their meat in due season. ... Thou openest thine hand, and satisfiest the desire of every living thing.
Luke 6:35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and [to] the evil.

and gave:

Leviticus 26:4 Then I will give you rain in due season, and the land shall yield her increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit.
Deuteronomy 11:14 That I will give [you] the rain of your land in his due season, the first rain and the latter rain, that thou mayest gather in thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil.
Deuteronomy 28:12 The LORD shall open unto thee his good treasure, the heaven to give the rain unto thy land in his season, and to bless all the work of thine hand: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, and thou shalt not borrow.
1 Kings 18:1 And it came to pass [after] many days, that the word of the LORD came to Elijah in the third year, saying, Go, shew thyself unto Ahab; and I will send rain upon the earth.
Job 5:10 Who giveth rain upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the fields:
Job 37:6 For he saith to the snow, Be thou [on] the earth; likewise to the small rain, and to the great rain of his strength.
Job 38:26-28 To cause it to rain on the earth, [where] no man [is; on] the wilderness, wherein [there is] no man; ... Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
Psalms 65:9-13 Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of God, [which] is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it. ... The pastures are clothed with flocks; the valleys also are covered over with corn; they shout for joy, they also sing.
Psalms 68:9-10 Thou, O God, didst send a plentiful rain, whereby thou didst confirm thine inheritance, when it was weary. ... Thy congregation hath dwelt therein: thou, O God, hast prepared of thy goodness for the poor.
Psalms 147:7-8 Sing unto the LORD with thanksgiving; sing praise upon the harp unto our God: ... Who covereth the heaven with clouds, who prepareth rain for the earth, who maketh grass to grow upon the mountains.
Isaiah 5:6 And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
Jeremiah 5:24 Neither say they in their heart, Let us now fear the LORD our God, that giveth rain, both the former and the latter, in his season: he reserveth unto us the appointed weeks of the harvest.
Jeremiah 14:22 Are there [any] among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? [art] not thou he, O LORD our God? therefore we will wait upon thee: for thou hast made all these [things].
Matthew 5:45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
James 5:17-18 Elias was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months. ... And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.

filling:

Deuteronomy 8:12-14 Lest [when] thou hast eaten and art full, and hast built goodly houses, and dwelt [therein]; ... Then thine heart be lifted up, and thou forget the LORD thy God, which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage;
Nehemiah 9:25 And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells digged, vineyards, and oliveyards, and fruit trees in abundance: so they did eat, and were filled, and became fat, and delighted themselves in thy great goodness.
Isaiah 22:13 And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die.
1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;
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Lv 26:4. Dt 8:12; 11:14; 28:12. 1K 18:1. Ne 9:25. Jb 5:10; 37:6; 38:26. Ps 19:1; 36:5; 52:1; 65:9; 68:9; 104:24; 145:9, 15; 147:7. Is 5:6; 22:13. Jr 5:24; 14:22. Mt 5:45. Lk 6:35. Ac 17:27. Ro 1:19. 1Ti 6:17. Jm 5:17.

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