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Acts 13:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And afterward they asked for a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for the space of forty years.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Then they asked for a king, and God gave them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And afterward they desired a king: and God gave to them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And then they asked for a king, and God gave to them Saul, son of Kis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, during forty years.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, from that time, they asked for themselves a king, and God gave them Saul, son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, during forty years;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and thereafter they asked for a king, and God did give to them Saul, son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And after that they desired a king: and God gave them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, forty years.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And afterward they desired a King, and God gaue vnto them Saul the sonne of Cis, a man of the tribe of Beniamin, by the space of fourty yeres.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and then prayed they for themselves a king; and Aloha gave to them Shaol-bar-Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, forty years.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And then they asked for themselves a king: and God gave them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, during forty years.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And afterward 2547
{2547} Prime
κἀκεῖθεν
kakeithen
{kak-i'-then}
From G2532 and G1564; likewise from that place (or time).
they desired 154
{0154} Prime
αἰτέω
aiteo
{ahee-teh'-o}
Of uncertain derivation; to ask (in generally).
z5668
<5668> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 88
a king: 935
{0935} Prime
βασιλεύς
basileus
{bas-il-yooce'}
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
unto them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Saul 4549
{4549} Prime
Σαούλ
Saoul
{sah-ool'}
Of Hebrew origin [H7586]; Saul (that is, Shaul), the Jewish name of Paul.
the son 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of Cis, 2797
{2797} Prime
Κίς
Kis
{kis}
Of Hebrew origin [H7027]); Cis (that is, Kish), an Israelite.
a man 435
{0435} Prime
ἀνήρ
aner
{an'-ayr}
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the tribe 5443
{5443} Prime
φυλή
phule
{foo-lay'}
From G5453 (compare G5444); an offshoot, that is, race or clan.
of Benjamin, 958
{0958} Prime
Βενιαμίν
Beniamin
{ben-ee-am-een'}
Of Hebrew origin [H1144]; Benjamin, an Israelite.
by the space of forty 5062
{5062} Prime
τεσσαράκοντα
tessarakonta
{tes-sar-ak'-on-tah}
The decade of G5064; forty.
years. 2094
{2094} Prime
ἔτος
etos
{et'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a year.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 13:18-22.


Acts 13:21

_ _ God gave ... them Saul ... of the tribe of Benjamin — That the speaker was himself of the same name and of the same tribe, has often been noticed as in all likelihood present to the apostle’s mind while speaking.

_ _ forty years — With this length of Saul’s reign (not mentioned in the Old Testament), Josephus coincides [Antiquities, 6.14.9].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 13:14-41.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 13:21

He gave them Saul forty years — Including the time wherein Samuel judged Israel.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 13:21

And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of (m) forty years.

(m) In this space of forty years the time of Samuel must be counted and included with the days of Saul, for the kingdom did as it were include his administration.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they:

1 Samuel 8:5-22 And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations. ... And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city.
1 Samuel 12:12-19 And when ye saw that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon came against you, ye said unto me, Nay; but a king shall reign over us: when the LORD your God [was] your king. ... And all the people said unto Samuel, Pray for thy servants unto the LORD thy God, that we die not: for we have added unto all our sins [this] evil, to ask us a king.

Saul:

1 Samuel 10:1 Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured [it] upon his head, and kissed him, and said, [Is it] not because the LORD hath anointed thee [to be] captain over his inheritance?
1 Samuel 10:21-26 When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the family of Matri was taken, and Saul the son of Kish was taken: and when they sought him, he could not be found. ... And Saul also went home to Gibeah; and there went with him a band of men, whose hearts God had touched.
1 Samuel 11:15 And all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal; and there they sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings before the LORD; and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly.
1 Samuel 15:1 Samuel also said unto Saul, The LORD sent me to anoint thee [to be] king over his people, over Israel: now therefore hearken thou unto the voice of the words of the LORD.

Cis:

1 Samuel 9:1-2 Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name [was] Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power. ... And he had a son, whose name [was] Saul, a choice young man, and a goodly: and [there was] not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he: from his shoulders and upward [he was] higher than any of the people.
1 Samuel 10:21 When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the family of Matri was taken, and Saul the son of Kish was taken: and when they sought him, he could not be found.
, Kish
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