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Acts 13:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and after these things he gave [them] judges until Samuel the prophet.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And after that he gave [unto them] judges about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “After these things He gave [them] judges until Samuel the prophet.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And after that he gave [to them] judges, about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And after these things he gave [them] judges till Samuel the prophet, [to the end of] about four hundred and fifty years.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, after these things, he gave them judges, until Samuel the prophet.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And after these things, about four hundred and fifty years, He gave judges—till Samuel the prophet;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As it were, after four hundred and fifty years. And after these things, he gave unto them judges, until Samuel the prophet.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And after that he gaue vnto them iudges, about the space of foure hundred and fifty yeeres vntill Samuel the Prophet.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And four hundred and fifty years he gave them judges, until Shamuel the prophet;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And for four hundred and fifty years he gave them judges, until Samuel the prophet.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
after 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
that 5023
{5023} Prime
ταῦτα
tauta
{tow'-tah}
Nomitive or accusative neuter plural of G3778; these things.
he gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
[unto them] judges 2923
{2923} Prime
κριτής
krites
{kree-tace'}
From G2919; a judge (generally or specifically).
about y5613
[5613] Standard
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
the space of x5613
(5613) Complement
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
four hundred 5071
{5071} Prime
τετρακόσιοι
tetrakosioi
{tet-rak-os'-ee-oy}
Neuter and plural from G5064 and G1540; four hundred.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
fifty 4004
{4004} Prime
πεντήκοντα
pentekonta
{pen-tay'-kon-tah}
Multiplicative of G4002; fifty.
years, 2094
{2094} Prime
ἔτος
etos
{et'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a year.
until 2193
{2193} Prime
ἕως
heos
{heh'-oce}
Of uncertain affinity; a conjugation, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place).
Samuel 4545
{4545} Prime
Σαμουήλ
Samouel
{sam-oo-ale'}
Of Hebrew origin [H8050]; Samuel (that is, Shemuel), an Israelite.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
prophet. 4396
{4396} Prime
προφήτης
prophetes
{prof-ay'-tace}
From a compound of G4253 and G5346; a foreteller ('prophet'); by analogy an inspired speaker; by extension a poet.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 13:18-22.


Acts 13:20

_ _ after that he gave ... judges ... about the space of four hundred and fifty years — As this appears to contradict 1 Kings 6:1, various solutions have been proposed. Taking the words as they stand in the Greek, thus, “after that, by the space of four hundred fifty years, He gave judges,” the meaning may be, that about four hundred fifty years elapsed from the time of the covenant with Abraham until the period of the judges; which is historically correct, the word “about” showing that chronological exactness was not aimed at. But taking the sense to be as in our version, that it was the period of the judges itself which lasted about four hundred fifty years, this statement also will appear historically correct, if we include in it the interval of subjection to foreign powers which occurred during the period of the judges, and understand it to describe the whole period from the settlement of the tribes in Canaan to the establishment of royalty. Thus, from the Exodus to the building of the temple were five hundred ninety-two years [Josephus, Antiquities, 8.3.1]; deduct forty years in the wilderness; twenty-five years of Joshua’s rule [Josephus, Antiquities, 5.1.29]; forty years of Saul’s reign (Acts 13:2); forty of David’s and the first four years of Solomon’s reign (1 Kings 6:1), and there remain, just four hundred forty-three years; or, in round numbers, “about four hundred fifty years.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 13:14-41.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 13:20

And after that he gave [unto them] judges about the space of (l) four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet.

(l) There were from the birth of Isaac until the destruction of the Canaanites under the governance of Joshua four hundred and forty-seven years, and therefore he adds in this place the word "about", for three years are missing; the apostle, however, uses the whole greater number.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he gave:

Judges 2:16 Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them.
Judges 3:10 And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the LORD delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.
Ruth 1:1 Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons.
1 Samuel 12:11 And the LORD sent Jerubbaal, and Bedan, and Jephthah, and Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side, and ye dwelled safe.
2 Samuel 7:11 And as since the time that I commanded judges [to be] over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house.
2 Kings 23:22 Surely there was not holden such a passover from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah;
1 Chronicles 17:6 Wheresoever I have walked with all Israel, spake I a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people, saying, Why have ye not built me an house of cedars?

until:

1 Samuel 3:20 And all Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel [was] established [to be] a prophet of the LORD.
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Jg 2:16; 3:10. Ru 1:1. 1S 3:20; 12:11. 2S 7:11. 2K 23:22. 1Ch 17:6.

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