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Acts 10:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— a devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, who gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God always.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [A] devout [man], and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— a devout man and one who feared God with all his household, and gave many alms to the [Jewish] people and prayed to God continually.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [A] devout [man], and one that feared God with all his house, who gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God always.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— pious, and fearing God with all his house, [both] giving much alms to the people, and supplicating God continually,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Devout, and fearing God with all his house, doing many alms unto the people, and supplicating God continually,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— pious, and fearing God with all his house, doing also many kind acts to the people, and beseeching God always,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A religious man, and fearing God with all his house, giving much alms to the people and always praying to God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A deuout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gaue much almes to the people, and prayed to God alway.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he was just, and feared Aloha, he and all his house: he did much alms among the people, and in all time prayed of Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he was righteous, and feared God, he and all his house; [and] he did much alms among the people, and prayed to God at all times.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[A] devout 2152
{2152} Prime
εὐσεβής
eusebes
{yoo-seb-ace'}
From G2095 and G4576; well reverent, that is, pious.
[man], and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
one that feared 5399
{5399} Prime
φοβέω
phobeo
{fob-eh'-o}
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
with 4862
{4862} Prime
σύν
sun
{soon}
A primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than G3326 or G3844), that is, by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
house, 3624
{3624} Prime
οἶκος
oikos
{oy'-kos}
Of uncertain affinity; a dwelling (more or less extensive, literally or figuratively); by implication a family (more or less related, literally or figuratively).
which 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
gave 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
much 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
alms 1654
{1654} Prime
ἐλεημοσύνη
eleemosune
{el-eh-ay-mos-oo'-nay}
From G1656; compassionateness, that is, (as exercised towards the poor) beneficence, or (concretely) a benefaction.
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
people, 2992
{2992} Prime
λαός
laos
{lah-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a people (in general; thus differing from G1218, which denotes one's own populace).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
prayed 1189
{1189} Prime
δέομαι
deomai
{deh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice of G1210; to beg (as binding oneself), that is, petition.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
to God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
alway. 1275
{1275} Prime
διαπαντός
diapantos
{dee-ap-an-tos'}
From G1223 and the genitive of G3956; through all time, that is, (adverbially) constantly.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 10:1-2.


Acts 10:2

_ _ A devout man, etc. — an uncircumcised Gentile proselyte to the Jewish faith, of whom there were a very great number at this time; a distinguished proselyte, who had brought his whole household establishment under the hallowing influence of the Jewish faith and the regular observance of its principal seasons of worship.

_ _ gave much alms to the people — that is, the Jewish people, on the same principle as another centurion before him (Luke 7:5); thinking it no “great thing,” if they had “sown unto him spiritual things, that they should reap his carnal things” (1 Corinthians 9:11).

_ _ prayed to God alway — at the stated daily seasons. (See Acts 10:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 10:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 10:2

Who gave much alms to the people — That is, to the Jews, many of whom were at that time extremely poor.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 10:2

[A] (a) devout [man], and one that feared God with (b) all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway.

(a) So that he worshipped one God, and was not an idolater, and neither could he be void of faith in Christ, because he was a devout man: but as of yet he did not know that Christ had come.

(b) This is a commendable thing about the man, that he laboured to have all his household, and well-known friends, and acquaintances to be religious and godly.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
devout:

Acts 10:7 And when the angel which spake unto Cornelius was departed, he called two of his household servants, and a devout soldier of them that waited on him continually;
Acts 10:22 And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that feareth God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews, was warned from God by an holy angel to send for thee into his house, and to hear words of thee.
Acts 2:5 And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.
Acts 8:2 And devout men carried Stephen [to his burial], and made great lamentation over him.
Acts 13:50 But the Jews stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the chief men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts.
Acts 16:14 And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard [us]: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.
Acts 22:12 And one Ananias, a devout man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews which dwelt [there],
Luke 2:25 And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name [was] Simeon; and the same man [was] just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.

one:

Acts 10:35 But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him.
Acts 9:31 Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied.
Acts 13:16 Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with [his] hand said, Men of Israel, and ye that fear God, give audience.
Acts 13:26 Men [and] brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation sent.
1 Kings 8:43 Hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for: that all people of the earth may know thy name, to fear thee, as [do] thy people Israel; and that they may know that this house, which I have builded, is called by thy name.
2 Chronicles 6:33 Then hear thou from the heavens, [even] from thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for; that all people of the earth may know thy name, and fear thee, as [doth] thy people Israel, and may know that this house which I have built is called by thy name.
Job 1:1 There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name [was] Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil.
Psalms 102:15 So the heathen shall fear the name of the LORD, and all the kings of the earth thy glory.
Ecclesiastes 7:18 [It is] good that thou shouldest take hold of this; yea, also from this withdraw not thine hand: for he that feareth God shall come forth of them all.
Isaiah 59:19 So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him.
Daniel 6:26 I make a decree, That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel: for he [is] the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion [shall be even] unto the end.
Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for [thou] only [art] holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

with:

Acts 10:7 And when the angel which spake unto Cornelius was departed, he called two of his household servants, and a devout soldier of them that waited on him continually;
Acts 16:15 And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought [us], saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide [there]. And she constrained us.
Acts 18:8 And Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized.
Genesis 18:19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.
Joshua 24:15 And if it seem evil unto you to serve the LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that [were] on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD.
Job 1:5 And it was so, when the days of [their] feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings [according] to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually.
Psalms 101:6-8 Mine eyes [shall be] upon the faithful of the land, that they may dwell with me: he that walketh in a perfect way, he shall serve me. ... I will early destroy all the wicked of the land; that I may cut off all wicked doers from the city of the LORD.

which:

Acts 10:4 And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said unto him, Thy prayers and thine alms are come up for a memorial before God.
Acts 10:22 And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that feareth God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews, was warned from God by an holy angel to send for thee into his house, and to hear words of thee.
Acts 10:31 And said, Cornelius, thy prayer is heard, and thine alms are had in remembrance in the sight of God.
Acts 9:36 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas: this woman was full of good works and almsdeeds which she did.
Psalms 41:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
Isaiah 58:7-8 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh? ... Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the LORD shall be thy rereward.
Luke 7:4-5 And when they came to Jesus, they besought him instantly, saying, That he was worthy for whom he should do this: ... For he loveth our nation, and he hath built us a synagogue.
Romans 15:26-27 For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem. ... It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things.
2 Corinthians 9:8-15 And God [is] able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all [things], may abound to every good work: ... Thanks [be] unto God for his unspeakable gift.

and prayed:

Acts 9:11 And the Lord [said] unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight, and enquire in the house of Judas for [one] called Saul, of Tarsus: for, behold, he prayeth,
Psalms 25:5 Lead me in thy truth, and teach me: for thou [art] the God of my salvation; on thee do I wait all the day.
Psalms 25:8-9 Good and upright [is] the LORD: therefore will he teach sinners in the way. ... The meek will he guide in judgment: and the meek will he teach his way.
Psalms 55:17 Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud: and he shall hear my voice.
Psalms 86:3 Be merciful unto me, O Lord: for I cry unto thee daily.
*marg.
Psalms 88:1 [[A Song [or] Psalm for the sons of Korah, to the chief Musician upon Mahalath Leannoth, Maschil of Heman the Ezrahite.]] O LORD God of my salvation, I have cried day [and] night before thee:
Psalms 119:2 Blessed [are] they that keep his testimonies, [and that] seek him with the whole heart.
Proverbs 2:3-5 Yea, if thou criest after knowledge, [and] liftest up thy voice for understanding; ... Then shalt thou understand the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge of God.
Daniel 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime.
Daniel 6:16 Then the king commanded, and they brought Daniel, and cast [him] into the den of lions. [Now] the king spake and said unto Daniel, Thy God whom thou servest continually, he will deliver thee.
Daniel 6:20 And when he came to the den, he cried with a lamentable voice unto Daniel: [and] the king spake and said to Daniel, O Daniel, servant of the living God, is thy God, whom thou servest continually, able to deliver thee from the lions?
Matthew 7:7-8 Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you: ... For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.
Luke 18:1 And he spake a parable unto them [to this end], that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;
Colossians 4:2 Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with thanksgiving;
1 Thessalonians 5:17 Pray without ceasing.
James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
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Gn 18:19. Jsh 24:15. 1K 8:43. 2Ch 6:33. Jb 1:1, 5. Ps 25:5, 8; 41:1; 55:17; 86:3; 88:1; 101:6; 102:15; 119:2. Pv 2:3. Ec 7:18. Is 58:7; 59:19. Dn 6:10, 16, 20, 26. Mt 7:7. Lk 2:25; 7:4; 18:1. Ac 2:5; 8:2; 9:11, 31, 36; 10:4, 7, 22, 31, 35; 13:16, 26, 50; 16:14, 15; 18:8; 22:12. Ro 15:26. 2Co 9:8. Col 4:2. 1Th 5:17. Jm 1:5. Rv 15:4.

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