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Acts 1:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— (Now this man obtained a field with the reward of his iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— (Now this man acquired a field with the price of his wickedness, and falling headlong, he burst open in the middle and all his intestines gushed out.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (This [man] then indeed got a field with [the] reward of iniquity, and, having fallen down headlong, burst in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— This man therefore had possessed himself of a field out of the reward of unrighteousness,—and falling headlong burst asunder in the midst, and forth gushed all his bowels;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— this one, indeed, then, purchased a field out of the reward of unrighteousness, and falling headlong, burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed forth,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he indeed hath possessed a field of the reward of iniquity, and being hanged, burst asunder in the midst: and all his bowels gushed out.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity, and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the mids, and all his bowels gushed out.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— This is he who obtained the field with the wages of sin, and fell upon his face on the ground, and was severed in his middle, and all his bowels were shed forth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— He purchased a field with the wages of sin; and he fell upon his face on the ground, and burst in the middle, and all his entrails were poured out.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
y3303
[3303] Standard
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
this man 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
x3303
(3303) Complement
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
purchased 2932
{2932} Prime
κτάομαι
ktaomai
{ktah'-om-ahee}
A primary verb; to get, that is, acquire (by any means; own).
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
a field 5564
{5564} Prime
χωρίον
chorion
{kho-ree'-on}
Diminutive of G5561; a spot or plot of ground.
with 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
reward 3408
{3408} Prime
μισθός
misthos
{mis-thos'}
Apparently a primary word; pay for service (literally or figuratively), good or bad.
of iniquity; 93
{0093} Prime
ἀδικία
adikia
{ad-ee-kee'-ah}
From G0094; (legal) injustice (properly the quality, by implication the act); moral wrongfulness (of charater, life or act).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
falling 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5637
<5637> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 137
headlong, 4248
{4248} Prime
πρηνής
prenes
{pray-nace'}
From G4253; leaning (falling) forward ('prone'), that is, head foremost.
he burst asunder 2997
{2997} Prime
λάσχω
lascho
{las'-kho}
A strengthened form of a primary verb, which only occurs in this and another prolonged form as an alternate in certain tenses; to crack open (from a fall).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
in the midst, 3319
{3319} Prime
μέσος
mesos
{mes'-os}
From G3326; middle (as adjective or [neuter] noun).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
bowels 4698
{4698} Prime
σπλάγχνον
splagchnon
{splangkh'-non}
Probably strengthened from σπλήν [[splen]] (the 'spleen'); an intestine (plural); figuratively pity or sympathy.
gushed out. 1632
{1632} Prime
ἐκχέω
ekcheo
{ek-kheh'-o}
From G1537 and χέω [[cheo]] (to pour); to pour forth; figuratively to bestow.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Acts 1:15-26.


Acts 1:18

_ _ falling headlong, etc. — This information supplements, but by no means contradicts, what is said in Matthew 27:5.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Acts 1:15-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Acts 1:18

This man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity — That is, a field was purchased with the reward of his iniquity; though very possibly Judas might design the purchase. And falling down on his face — It seems the rope broke before, or as he died.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Acts 1:18

Now this man (q) purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and (r) falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.

(q) Luke did not consider Judas' purpose, but that which followed it, and so we used to say that a man has done himself harm, not that he wanted and intended to, but in respect of that which followed.

(r) The Greek words signify this much, that Judas fell down flat and was torn apart in the middle, with a tremendously great noise.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
this:

Matthew 27:3-10 Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, ... And gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord appointed me.

with:

Numbers 22:7 And the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian departed with the rewards of divination in their hand; and they came unto Balaam, and spake unto him the words of Balak.
Numbers 22:17 For I will promote thee unto very great honour, and I will do whatsoever thou sayest unto me: come therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people.
Joshua 7:21-26 When I saw among the spoils a goodly Babylonish garment, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight, then I coveted them, and took them; and, behold, they [are] hid in the earth in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it. ... And they raised over him a great heap of stones unto this day. So the LORD turned from the fierceness of his anger. Wherefore the name of that place was called, The valley of Achor, unto this day.
2 Kings 5:20-27 But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my master hath spared Naaman this Syrian, in not receiving at his hands that which he brought: but, [as] the LORD liveth, I will run after him, and take somewhat of him. ... The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto thee, and unto thy seed for ever. And he went out from his presence a leper [as white] as snow.
Job 20:12-15 Though wickedness be sweet in his mouth, [though] he hide it under his tongue; ... He hath swallowed down riches, and he shall vomit them up again: God shall cast them out of his belly.
Matthew 25:15 And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability; and straightway took his journey.
2 Peter 2:15-16 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; ... But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet.

and falling:

Psalms 55:15 Let death seize upon them, [and] let them go down quick into hell: for wickedness [is] in their dwellings, [and] among them.
Psalms 55:23 But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee.
Matthew 27:5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 22:7, 17. Jsh 7:21. 2K 5:20. Jb 20:12. Ps 55:15, 23. Mt 25:15; 27:3, 5. 2P 2:15.

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User-Posted Comments on Acts 1:18


In response to another comment, visceral compassion is okay, as well as bowels...I think most have always understood what bowels meant, the same as we understand what it means when referring to to the "heart". However, the point regarding hanging versus bowels gushing is a misnomer. Judas could very well have both hung and fallen into the field, gushing his bowels, thus the field being named "field of blood". Because when a body is cut down from a hanging, the body falls downward, and if on a sloping or rough landing, it could certainly cause bowels or viscera to erupt.
- Blanch (4/23/2014 4:00:52 AM)
Robin)
Like to try something a little different …
Remember how we resolved the use of the word "bowels" and "matrix" …
well there's another, related, word that needs some attention, but it's figurative use
makes it very difficult to come up with a way of using it both figuratively and literally …

The word is "splagchna" … litterally, that part of the upper guts or viscera where the spleen, liver, heart and lungs are …
apparently that part of the body that Judas spilled when he killed himself … however, it's normal or predominate use
in the NT is intended to convey the thought of intense visceral emotions, particularly "compassion" …

What I'd like to try, which is different, is to create a combination word that captures both the literal viscera, and the figurative emotions…
that is, present this as the hyphenated …"visceral-compassions" …in the nine verses where the intended idea is visceral emotions,
and then just shorten or truncate it to real …"viscera"… in Acts 1:18, where the viscera or guts of Judas gushed out.

I'd played with just using the perfectly good word "visceral" in those verses where we now read it as "compassions," but for some reason
this just didn't work very well (my opinion); however when combined as "visceral-compassions" it seems to work very well in all nine of
these verses … in fact, it conveys a much stronger and more meaningful feeling to what these verses are saying … take a look at this ….

So, it's our Judas that is the problem … perhaps the whole verse needs to be rethought, but I'm currently focused on Romans and dont have the
time/resources to tackle this right now …just a passing thought about Judas, hanging doesn't sound like something that would spill out one's
lungs, spleen, liver and heart … just break the fools neck, or at worst, snap his head off, sooooo … perhaps the verse in Acts is being misread,
and it's really intended to convey the heartfelt remorse, and deep fit of sobbing, lung wrenching dispare of Judas conveyed just before he hung himself ...
Just a theory …my creative contemplations, but when you think about it, since he did hang himself, he really did "repent" of what he had done, what
Satan drove him to do, so he obviously did have …visceral regrets … so perhaps it really wasn't his guts that spilled out on the ground, but more
figuratively, Luke is telling us that Judas "spilled his guts" in compassionate dispare at what he had done …Ummmm

Anyway, I'd like to suggest that we adjust "compassion" to "visceral-compassion" in nine of the ten verses where the word "splagchna" is used ...


4698 GK5073 splagchna (1) visceral-compassions N-NPN.21

4698 GK5073 splagchnois (1) unto visceral-compassions N-DPN.23

http://matthewgrantmcdaniel.com/splagchnon/
- robin (4/21/2014 10:49:15 AM)
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