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2 Timothy 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— preach the word; be urgent in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— preach the word; be ready in season [and] out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— proclaim the word; be urgent in season [and] out of season, convict, rebuke, encourage, with all longsuffering and doctrine.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Proclaim the word, take thy position—in season, out of season,—convince, rebuke, encourage,—with all long-suffering and teaching.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— preach the word; be earnest in season, out of season, convict, rebuke, exhort, in all long-suffering and teaching,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Preach the word: be instant in season, out of season: reprove, entreat, rebuke in all patience and doctrine.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Preach the word, be instant in season, out of season, reprooue, rebuke, exhort with all long suffering & doctrine.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— preach the word, and stand with diligence in season, and (that) which is not season; confute, and rebuke with all prolongedness of mind and doctrine.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Proclaim the word; and persist [in it] with diligence, in time and out of time; admonish, and rebuke, with all patience and instructiveness.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Preach 2784
{2784} Prime
κηρύσσω
kerusso
{kay-roos'-so}
Of uncertain affinity; to herald (as a public crier), especially divine truth (the gospel).
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
word; 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
be instant 2186
{2186} Prime
ἐφίστημι
ephistemi
{ef-is'-tay-mee}
From G1909 and G2476; to stand upon, that is, be present (in various applications, friendly or otherwise, usually literally).
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
in season, 2122
{2122} Prime
εὐκαίρως
eukairos
{yoo-kah'-ee-roce}
Adverb from G2121; opportunely.
out of season; 171
{0171} Prime
ἀκαίρως
akairos
{ak-ah'-ee-roce}
Adverb from the same as G0170; inopportunely.
reprove, 1651
{1651} Prime
ἐλέγχω
elegcho
{el-eng'-kho}
Of uncertain affinity; to confute, admonish.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
rebuke, 2008
{2008} Prime
ἐπιτιμάω
epitimao
{ep-ee-tee-mah'-o}
From G1909 and G5091; to tax upon, that is, censure or admonish; by implication forbid.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
exhort 3870
{3870} Prime
παρακαλέω
parakaleo
{par-ak-al-eh'-o}
From G3844 and G2564; to call near, that is, invite, invoke (by imploration, hortation or consolation).
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
longsuffering 3115
{3115} Prime
μακροθυμία
makrothumia
{mak-roth-oo-mee'-ah}
From the same as G3116; longanimity, that is, (objectively) forbearance or (subjectively) fortitude.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
doctrine. 1322
{1322} Prime
διδαχή
didache
{did-akh-ay'}
From G1321; instruction (the act or the matter).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Timothy 4:2

_ _ Preach — literally, “proclaim as a herald.” The term for the discourses in the synagogue was daraschoth; the corresponding Greek term (implying dialectial style, dialogue, and discussion, Acts 17:2, Acts 17:18; Acts 18:4, Acts 18:19) is applied in Acts to discourses in the Christian Church. Justin Martyr [Apology, 2], describes the order of public worship, “On Sunday all meet and the writings of the apostles and prophets are read; then the president delivers a discourse; after this all stand up and pray; then there is offered bread and wine and water; the president likewise prays and gives thanks, and the people solemnly assent, saying, Amen.” The bishops and presbyters had the right and duty to preach, but they sometimes called on deacons, and even laymen, to preach. Eusebius [Ecclesiastical History, 6.19]; in this the Church imitated the synagogue (Luke 4:17-22; Acts 13:15, Acts 13:16).

_ _ be instant — that is, urgent, earnest, in the whole work of the ministry.

_ _ in season, out of season — that is, at all seasons; whether they regard your speaking as seasonable or unseasonable. “Just as the fountains, though none may draw from them, still flow on; and the rivers, though none drink of them, still run; so must we do all on our part in speaking, though none give heed to us” [Chrysostom, Homily, 30, vol. 5., p. 221]. I think with Chrysostom, there is included also the idea of times whether seasonable or unseasonable to Timothy himself; not merely when convenient, but when inconvenient to thee, night as well as day (Acts 20:31), in danger as well as in safety, in prison and when doomed to death as well as when at large, not only in church, but everywhere and on all occasions, whenever and wherever the Lord’s work requires it.

_ _ reprove — “convict,” “confute.”

_ _ with, etc. — Greek, “IN (the element in which the exhortation ought to have place) all long-suffering (2 Timothy 2:24, 2 Timothy 2:25; 2 Timothy 3:10) and teaching”; compare 2 Timothy 2:24, “apt to teach.” The Greek for “doctrine” here is didache, but in 2 Timothy 3:16, didascalia.Didascalia” is what one receives; “didache” is what is communicated [Tittmann].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Timothy 4:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Timothy 4:2

Be instant — Insist on, urge these things in season, out of season — That is, continually, at all times and places. It might be translated, with and without opportunity — Not only when a fair occasion is given: even when there is none, one must be made.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Preach:

Psalms 40:9 I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, thou knowest.
Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound; ... To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
Jonah 3:2 Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee.
Luke 4:18-19 The Spirit of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, ... To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.
Luke 9:60 Jesus said unto him, Let the dead bury their dead: but go thou and preach the kingdom of God.
Romans 10:15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!
Colossians 1:25 Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God which is given to me for you, to fulfil the word of God;
Colossians 1:28 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus:

be:

Luke 7:4 And when they came to Jesus, they besought him instantly, saying, That he was worthy for whom he should do this:
Luke 7:23 And blessed is [he], whosoever shall not be offended in me.
Acts 13:5 And when they were at Salamis, they preached the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews: and they had also John to [their] minister.
*marg.
Romans 12:12 Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer;
1 Timothy 4:15-16 Meditate upon these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting may appear to all. ... Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.

in:

John 4:6-10 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with [his] journey, sat thus on the well: [and] it was about the sixth hour. ... Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
John 4:32-34 But he said unto them, I have meat to eat that ye know not of. ... Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work.
Acts 16:13 And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted [thither].
Acts 16:31-33 And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. ... And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed [their] stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, straightway.
Acts 20:7 And upon the first [day] of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.
Acts 20:18-21 And when they were come to him, he said unto them, Ye know, from the first day that I came into Asia, after what manner I have been with you at all seasons, ... Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.
Acts 28:16 And when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard: but Paul was suffered to dwell by himself with a soldier that kept him.
Acts 28:30-31 And Paul dwelt two whole years in his own hired house, and received all that came in unto him, ... Preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him.

reprove:

Colossians 1:28-29 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus: ... Whereunto I also labour, striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily.
1 Thessalonians 2:11-12 As ye know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a father [doth] his children, ... That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.
1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all [men].
1 Thessalonians 5:20 Despise not prophesyings.
Titus 1:13 This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith;
Titus 2:15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.
Hebrews 13:22 And I beseech you, brethren, suffer the word of exhortation: for I have written a letter unto you in few words.
Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

exhort:

1 Timothy 4:13 Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

all:

2 Timothy 2:21 If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master's use, [and] prepared unto every good work.
2 Timothy 2:25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;
2 Timothy 3:10 But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 40:9. Is 61:1. Jna 3:2. Lk 4:18; 7:4, 23; 9:60. Jn 4:6, 32. Ac 13:5; 16:13, 31; 20:7, 18; 28:16, 30. Ro 10:15; 12:12. Col 1:25, 28. 1Th 2:11; 5:14, 20. 1Ti 4:13, 15. 2Ti 2:21, 25; 3:10. Tit 1:13; 2:15. He 13:22. Rv 3:19.

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