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2 Timothy 4:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— At my first defence no one took my part, but all forsook me: may it not be laid to their account.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— At my first answer no man stood with me, but all [men] forsook me: [I pray God] that it may not be laid to their charge.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— At my first defense no one supported me, but all deserted me; may it not be counted against them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— At my first answer no man stood with me, but all [men] forsook me: [I pray God] that it may not be laid to their charge.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— At my first defence no man stood with me, but all deserted me. May it not be imputed to them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In my first defence, no man, came in to help me, but, all, forsook me,—unto them, may it not be reckoned!—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— in my first defence no one stood with me, but all forsook me, (may it not be reckoned to them!)
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— At my first answer, no man stood with me: but all forsook me. May it not be laid to their charge!
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— At my first answere no man stood with mee, but all men forsooke mee: I [pray God] that it may not bee laid to their charge.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— In the first defence no man was with me, but all of them left me. May this not be reckoned to them!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— At my first defence, no one was with me, but they all forsook me. Let not this be reckoned to them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
At 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
first 4413
{4413} Prime
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
answer 627
{0627} Prime
From the same as G0626; a plea ('apology').
no man 3762
{3762} Prime
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
stood y4836
[4836] Standard
From G4862 and G3854; to be present together, that is, to convene; by implication to appear in aid.
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
with x4836
(4836) Complement
From G4862 and G3854; to be present together, that is, to convene; by implication to appear in aid.
me, 3427
{3427} Prime
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
but 235
{0235} Prime
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
all 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
[men] forsook 1459
{1459} Prime
From G1722 and G2641; to leave behind in some place, that is, (in a good sense) let remain over, or (in a bad one) to desert.
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
me: 3165
{3165} Prime
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
[I pray God] that it may y3049
[3049] Standard
Middle voice from G3056; to take an inventory, that is, estimate (literally or figuratively).
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
be laid y3049
[3049] Standard
Middle voice from G3056; to take an inventory, that is, estimate (literally or figuratively).
<5678> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Optative (See G5793)
Count - 1
to their charge. 846
{0846} Prime
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
(3049) Complement
Middle voice from G3056; to take an inventory, that is, estimate (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Timothy 4:16

_ _ At my first answer — that is, “defense” in court, at my first public examination. Timothy knew nothing of this, it is plain, till Paul now informs him. But during his former imprisonment at Rome, Timothy was with him (Philippians 1:1, Philippians 1:7). This must have been, therefore, a second imprisonment. He must have been set free before the persecution in a.d. 64, when the Christians were accused of causing the conflagration in Rome; for, had he been a prisoner then, he certainly would not have been spared. The tradition [Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, 2.251] that he was finally beheaded, accords with his not having been put to death in the persecution, a.d. 64, when burning to death was the mode by which the Christians were executed, but subsequently to it. His “first” trial in his second imprisonment seems to have been on the charge of complicity in the conflagration; his absence from Rome may have been the ground of his acquittal on that charge; his final condemnation was probably on the charge of introducing a new and unlawful religion into Rome.

_ _ stood with meGreek, “came forward with me” [Alford] as a friend and advocate.

_ _ may it not be laid to their charge — The position of “their,” in the Greek, is emphatic. “May it not be laid to THEIR charge,” for they were intimidated; their drawing back from me was not from bad disposition so much as from fear; it is sure to be laid to the charge of those who intimidated them. Still Paul, like Stephen, would doubtless have offered the same prayer for his persecutors themselves (Acts 7:60).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Timothy 4:16-22

_ _ Here, I. He gives Timothy an account of his own present circumstances.

_ _ 1. He had lately been called to appear before the emperor, upon his appeal to Caesar; and then no man stood with him (2 Timothy 4:16), to plead his cause, to bear testimony for him, or so much as to keep him in countenance, but all men forsook him. This was strange, that so good a man as Paul should have nobody to own him, even at Rome, where there were many Christians, whose faith was spoken of throughout the world, Romans 1:8. But men are but men. The Christians at Rome were forward to go and meet him (Acts 28); but when it came to the pinch, and they would be in danger of suffering with him, then they all forsook him. He prays that God would not lay it to their charge, intimating that it was a great fault, and God might justly be angry with them, but he prays God to forgive them. See what a distinction is put between sins of presumption and sins of infirmity. Alexander the coppersmith, who maliciously withstood Paul, he prays against: The Lord reward him according to his works; but respecting these Christians, who through weakness shrunk from Paul in time of trial, he says, The Lord lay it not to their charge. Observe, (1.) Paul had his trials in his friends' forsaking him in a time of danger as well as in the opposition made by enemies: all forsook him. (2.) It was their sin not to appear for the good apostle, especially at his first answer; but it was a sin of weakness, and therefore the more excusable. Yet, (3.) God might lay it to their charge, but Paul endeavours to prevent it by his earnest prayers: Let it not be laid to their charge.

_ _ 2. Notwithstanding this God stood by him (2 Timothy 4:17), gave him extraordinary wisdom and courage, to enable him to speak so much the better himself. When he had nobody to keep him in countenance, God made his face to shine. — That by me the preaching might be fully known, that is, “God brought me out from that difficulty that I might preach the gospel, which is my business.” Nay, it should seem, that he might preach the gospel at that time; for Paul knew how to preach at the bar as well as in the pulpit. And that all the Gentiles might hear; the emperor himself and the great men who would never have heard Paul preach if he had not been brought before them. And I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion, that is, of Nero (as some think) or some other judge. Some understand it only as a proverbial form of speech, to signify that he was in imminent danger. And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work. See how Paul improved his experiences: “He that delivered doth deliver, and we trust he will yet deliver, will deliver me from every evil work, from any ill done to me by others. And shall preserve me to his heavenly kingdom.” And for this he gives glory to God, rejoicing in hope of the glory of God. Observe, (1.) If the Lord stand by us, he will strengthen us, in a time of difficulty and danger, and his presence will more than supply every one's absence. (2.) When the Lord preserves his servants from great and imminent danger, it is for eminent work and service. Paul was preserved that by him the preaching might be fully known, etc. (3.) Former deliverances should encourage future hopes. (4.) There is a heavenly kingdom, to which the Lord will preserve his faithful witnessing or suffering servants. (5.) We ought to give God the glory of all past, present, and future deliverances: To whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

_ _ II. He sends salutations to Aquila, and Priscilla, and the household of Onesiphorus, 2 Timothy 4:19. He mentions his leaving Trophimus sick at Miletum (2 Timothy 4:20), by which it appears that though the apostles healed all manner of diseases miraculously, for the confirmation of their doctrine, yet they did not exert that power upon their own friends, lest it should have looked like a collusion.

_ _ III. He hastens Timothy to come to him before winter (2 Timothy 4:21), because he longed to see him, and because in the winter the journey or voyage would be more dangerous.

_ _ IV. He sends commendations to him from Eubulus, Pudens, Linus, Claudia, and all the brethren. One of the heathen writers at this time mentions one Pudens and his wife Claudia, and says the Claudia was a Briton, whence some have gathered that it was this Pudens, and that Claudia here was his wife, and that they were eminent Christians at Rome.

_ _ V. He concludes with a prayer, that the Lord Jesus would be with his spirit. We need no more to make us happy than to have the Lord Jesus Christ with our spirits; for in him all spiritual blessings are summed up. And it is the best prayer we can put up for our friends, that the Lord Jesus Christ may be with their spirits, to sanctify and save them, and at last to receive them to himself; as Stephen the proto-martyr prayed, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit, Acts 7:59. “Lord Jesus, receive that spirit which thou hast been with while it was united to the body; do not now leave it in its separate state.” Grace be with you. Amen. This was our apostle's token in every epistle; so he wrote. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen, 2 Thessalonians 3:17, 2 Thessalonians 3:18. And if grace be with us here to convert and change us, to make us holy, to keep us humble, and to enable us to persevere to the end, glory will crown us hereafter: for the Lord is a sun, and a shield; the Lord will give grace and glory, and no good thing will he withhold from those that walk uprightly. O Lord of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in thee, Psalms 84:11, Psalms 84:12. Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God our Saviour, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Timothy 4:16

All — My friends and companions. Forsook me — And do we expect to find such as will not forsake us? My first defence — Before the savage emperor Nero.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Acts 22:1 Men, brethren, and fathers, hear ye my defence [which I make] now unto you.
Acts 25:16 To whom I answered, It is not the manner of the Romans to deliver any man to die, before that he which is accused have the accusers face to face, and have licence to answer for himself concerning the crime laid against him.
1 Corinthians 9:3 Mine answer to them that do examine me is this,
2 Corinthians 7:11 For behold this selfsame thing, that ye sorrowed after a godly sort, what carefulness it wrought in you, yea, [what] clearing of yourselves, yea, [what] indignation, yea, [what] fear, yea, [what] vehement desire, yea, [what] zeal, yea, [what] revenge! In all [things] ye have approved yourselves to be clear in this matter.
Philippians 1:7 Even as it is meet for me to think this of you all, because I have you in my heart; inasmuch as both in my bonds, and in the defence and confirmation of the gospel, ye all are partakers of my grace.
Philippians 1:17 But the other of love, knowing that I am set for the defence of the gospel.
1 Peter 3:15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and [be] ready always to [give] an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear:


2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.
2 Timothy 1:15 This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.
Psalms 31:11-13 I was a reproach among all mine enemies, but especially among my neighbours, and a fear to mine acquaintance: they that did see me without fled from me. ... For I have heard the slander of many: fear [was] on every side: while they took counsel together against me, they devised to take away my life.
Mark 14:50 And they all forsook him, and fled.
John 16:32 Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now come, that ye shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall leave me alone: and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me.

I pray:

Acts 7:60 And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.
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Ps 31:11. Mk 14:50. Jn 16:32. Ac 7:60; 22:1; 25:16. 1Co 9:3. 2Co 7:11. Php 1:7, 17. 2Ti 1:15; 4:10. 1P 3:15.

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