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2 Timothy 4:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— for Demas forsook me, having loved this present world, and went to Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for Demas, having loved this present world, has deserted me and gone to Thessalonica; Crescens [has gone] to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and hath departed to Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for Demas has forsaken me, having loved the present age, and is gone to Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, Demas, hath forsaken me, having loved the present age, and hath journeyed unto Thessalonica; Crescens unto Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for Demas forsook me, having loved the present age, and went on to Thessalonica, Crescens to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Crescens into Galatia, Titus into Dalmatia.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For Demas hath forsaken me, hauing loued this present world, and is departed vnto Thessalonica: Crescens to Galatia, Titus vnto Dalmatia.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— for Dema hath left me, and hath loved this world, and is gone to Thessalonika; Krispos to Galatia, Titos to Dalmatia;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For Demas hath left me; and hath loved this world and gone away to Thessalonica; Crispus to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
Demas 1214
{1214} Prime
Probably for G1216; Demas, a Christian.
hath forsaken 1459
{1459} Prime
From G1722 and G2641; to leave behind in some place, that is, (in a good sense) let remain over, or (in a bad one) to desert.
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
me, x3165
(3165) Complement
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
having loved 25
{0025} Prime
Perhaps from ἄγαν [[agan]] (much; or compare [H5689]); to love (in a social or moral sense).
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
this present 3568
{3568} Prime
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
world, 165
{0165} Prime
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
is departed 4198
{4198} Prime
Middle voice from a derivative of the same as G3984; to traverse, that is, travel (literally or figuratively; especially to remove [figuratively die], live, etc.).
<5675> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 79
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Thessalonica; 2332
{2332} Prime
From Θεσσαλός [[Thessalos]] (a Thessalian) and G3529; Thessalonice, a place in Asia Minor.
Crescens 2913
{2913} Prime
Of Latin origin; growing; Cresces (that is, Crescens), a Christian.
to 1519
{1519} Prime
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Galatia, 1053
{1053} Prime
Of foreign origin; Galatia, a region of Asia.
Titus 5103
{5103} Prime
Of Latin origin but uncertain significance; Titus, a Christian.
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Dalmatia. 1149
{1149} Prime
Probably of foreign derivation; Dalmatia, a region of Europe.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Timothy 4:10

_ _ Demas — once a “fellow laborer” of Paul, along with Mark and Luke (Colossians 4:14; Philemon 1:24). His motive for forsaking Paul seems to have been love of worldly ease, safety, and comforts at home, and disinclination to brave danger with Paul (Matthew 13:20, Matthew 13:21, Matthew 13:22). Chrysostom implies that Thessalonica was his home.

_ _ Galatia — One oldest manuscript supports the reading “Gaul.” But most oldest manuscripts, etc., “Galatia.”

_ _ Titus — He must have therefore left Crete after “setting in order” the affairs of the churches there (Titus 1:5).

_ _ Dalmatia — part of the Roman province of Illyricum on the coast of the Adriatic. Paul had written to him (Titus 3:12) to come to him in the winter to Nicopolis (in Epirus), intending in the spring to preach the Gospel in the adjoining province of Dalmatia. Titus seems to have gone thither to carry out the apostle’s intention, the execution of which was interrupted by his arrest. Whether he went of his own accord, as is likely, or was sent by Paul, which the expression “is departed” hardly accords with, cannot be positively decided. Paul here speaks only of his personal attendants having forsaken him; he had still friends among the Roman Christians who visited him (2 Timothy 4:21), though they had been afraid to stand by him at his trial (2 Timothy 4:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Timothy 4:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Timothy 4:10

Demas — Once my fellowlabourer, Philemon 1:24. Hath forsaken me. Crescens, probably a preacher also, is gone, with my consent, to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia, having now left Crete. These either went with him to Rome, or visited him there.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Timothy 4:10

For Demas hath forsaken me, having (d) loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.

(d) Contented himself with this world.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Colossians 4:14-15 Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas, greet you. ... Salute the brethren which are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the church which is in his house.
Philemon 1:24 Marcus, Aristarchus, Demas, Lucas, my fellowlabourers.


2 Timothy 4:16 At my first answer no man stood with me, but all [men] forsook me: [I pray God] that it may not be laid to their charge.
2 Timothy 1:15 This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.
Matthew 26:56 But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.
Acts 13:13 Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia: and John departing from them returned to Jerusalem.
Acts 15:38 But Paul thought not good to take him with them, who departed from them from Pamphylia, and went not with them to the work.
2 Peter 2:15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;


Luke 9:61-62 And another also said, Lord, I will follow thee; but let me first go bid them farewell, which are at home at my house. ... And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God.
Luke 14:26-27 If any [man] come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple. ... And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.
Luke 14:33 So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.
Luke 16:13 No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
Luke 17:32 Remember Lot's wife.
Philippians 2:21 For all seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's.
1 Timothy 6:10 For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
1 John 2:15-16 Love not the world, neither the things [that are] in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. ... For all that [is] in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
1 John 5:4-5 For whatsoever is born of God overcometh the world: and this is the victory that overcometh the world, [even] our faith. ... Who is he that overcometh the world, but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God?


Acts 17:1 Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews:
Acts 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.
Acts 17:13 But when the Jews of Thessalonica had knowledge that the word of God was preached of Paul at Berea, they came thither also, and stirred up the people.


Acts 16:6 Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia,
Acts 18:23 And after he had spent some time [there], he departed, and went over [all] the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples.
Galatians 1:2 And all the brethren which are with me, unto the churches of Galatia:


2 Corinthians 2:13 I had no rest in my spirit, because I found not Titus my brother: but taking my leave of them, I went from thence into Macedonia.
2 Corinthians 7:6 Nevertheless God, that comforteth those that are cast down, comforted us by the coming of Titus;
2 Corinthians 8:6 Insomuch that we desired Titus, that as he had begun, so he would also finish in you the same grace also.
2 Corinthians 8:16 But thanks [be] to God, which put the same earnest care into the heart of Titus for you.
Galatians 2:1-3 Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with [me] also. ... But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:
Titus 1:4 To Titus, [mine] own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 26:56. Lk 9:61; 14:26, 33; 16:13; 17:32. Ac 13:13; 15:38; 16:6; 17:1, 11, 13; 18:23. 2Co 2:13; 7:6; 8:6, 16. Ga 1:2; 2:1. Php 2:21. Col 4:14. 1Ti 6:10. 2Ti 1:15; 4:16. Tit 1:4. Phm 1:24. 2P 2:15. 1Jn 2:15; 5:4.

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