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2 Timothy 3:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Every scripture inspired of God [is] also profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for instruction which is in righteousness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Every scripture [is] divinely inspired, and profitable for teaching, for conviction, for correction, for instruction in righteousness;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Every scripture, [is] God-breathed, and profitable—unto teaching, unto conviction, unto correction, unto the discipline that is in righteousness,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— every Writing [is] God-breathed, and profitable for teaching, for conviction, for setting aright, for instruction that [is] in righteousness,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— All scripture, inspired of God, is profitable to teach, to reprove, to correct, to instruct in justice:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— All Scripture [is] giuen by inspiration of God, & is profitable for doctrine, for reproofe, for correction, for instrution in righteousnesse,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— FOR all scripture which from the Spirit is written, is profitable for doctrine, and for rebuke, and for correction, and for instruction which is in righteousness:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— All scripture that was written by the Spirit, is profitable for instruction, and for confutation, and for correction, and for erudition in righteousness;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
All 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
scripture 1124
{1124} Prime
γραφή
graphe
{graf-ay'}
From G1125; a document, that is, holy Writ (or its contents or a statement in it).
[is] given by inspiration of God, 2315
{2315} Prime
θεόπνευστος
theopneustos
{theh-op'-nyoo-stos}
From G2316 and a presumed derivative of G4154; divinely breathed in.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[is] profitable 5624
{5624} Prime
ὠφέλιμος
ophelimos
{o-fel'-ee-mos}
From a form of G3786; helpful or serviceable, that is, advantageous.
for 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
doctrine, 1319
{1319} Prime
διδασκαλία
didaskalia
{did-as-kal-ee'-ah}
From G1320; instruction (the function or the information).
for 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
reproof, 1650
{1650} Prime
ἔλεγχος
elegchos
{el'-eng-khos}
From G1651; proof, conviction.
for 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
correction, 1882
{1882} Prime
ἐπανόρθωσις
epanorthosis
{ep-an-or'-tho-sis}
From a compound of G1909 and G0461; a straightening up again, that is, (figuratively) rectification (reformation).
for 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
instruction 3809
{3809} Prime
παιδεία
paideia
{pahee-di'-ah}
From G3811; tutorage, that is, education or training; by implication disciplinary correction.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
righteousness: 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Timothy 3:16

_ _ All scriptureGreek, “Every Scripture,” that is, Scripture in its every part. However, English Version is sustained, though the Greek article be wanting, by the technical use of the term “Scripture” being so well known as not to need the article (compare Greek, Ephesians 3:15; Ephesians 2:21). The Greek is never used of writings in general, but only of the sacred Scriptures. The position of the two Greek adjectives closely united by “and,” forbids our taking the one as an epithet, the other as predicated and translated as Alford and Ellicott. “Every Scripture given by inspiration of God is also profitable.” Vulgate and the best manuscripts, favor English Version. Clearly the adjectives are so closely connected that as surely as one is a predicate, the other must be so too. Alford admits his translation to be harsh, though legitimate. It is better with English Version to take it in a construction legitimate, and at the same time not harsh. The Greek, “God-inspired,” is found nowhere else. Most of the New Testament books were written when Paul wrote this his latest Epistle: so he includes in the clause “All Scripture is God-inspired,” not only the Old Testament, in which alone Timothy was taught when a child (2 Timothy 3:15), but the New Testament books according as they were recognized in the churches which had men gifted with “discerning of spirits,” and so able to distinguish really inspired utterances, persons, and so their writings from spurious. Paul means, “All Scripture is God-inspired and therefore useful”; because we see no utility in any words or portion of it, it does not follow it is not God-inspired. It is useful, because God-inspired; not God-inspired, because useful. One reason for the article not being before the Greek, “Scripture,” may be that, if it had, it might be supposed that it limited the sense to the hiera grammata, “Holy Scriptures” (2 Timothy 3:15) of the Old Testament, whereas here the assertion is more general: “all Scripture” (compare Greek, 2 Peter 1:20). The translation, “all Scripture that is God-inspired is also useful,” would imply that there is some Scripture which is not God-inspired. But this would exclude the appropriated sense of the word “Scripture”; and who would need to be told that “all divine Scripture is useful (‘profitable’)?” Hebrews 4:13 would, in Alford’s view, have to be rendered, “All naked things are also open to the eyes of Him,” etc.: so also 1 Timothy 4:4, which would be absurd [Tregelles, Remarks on the Prophetic Visions of the Book of Daniel]. Knapp well defines inspiration, “An extraordinary divine agency upon teachers while giving instruction, whether oral or written, by which they were taught how and what they should speak or write” (compare 2 Samuel 23:1; Acts 4:25; 2 Peter 1:21). The inspiration gives the divine sanction to all the words of Scripture, though those words be the utterances of the individual writer, and only in special cases revealed directly by God (1 Corinthians 2:13). Inspiration is here predicated of the writings, “all Scripture,” not of the persons. The question is not how God has done it; it is as to the word, not the men who wrote it. What we must believe is that He has done it, and that all the sacred writings are every where inspired, though not all alike matter of special revelation: and that even the very words are stamped with divine sanction, as Jesus used them (for example in the temptation and John 10:34, John 10:35), for deciding all questions of doctrine and practice. There are degrees of revelation in Scripture, but not of inspiration. The sacred writers did not even always know the full significancy of their own God-inspired words (1 Peter 1:10, 1 Peter 1:11, 1 Peter 1:12). Verbal inspiration does not mean mechanical dictation, but all “Scripture is (so) inspired by God,” that everything in it, its narratives, prophecies, citations, the whole — ideas, phrases, and words — are such as He saw fit to be there. The present condition of the text is no ground for concluding against the original text being inspired, but is a reason why we should use all critical diligence to restore the original inspired text. Again, inspiration may be accompanied by revelation or not, but it is as much needed for writing known doctrines or facts authoritatively, as for communicating new truths [Tregelles]. The omission here of the substantive verb is,’ I think, designed to mark that, not only the Scripture then existing, but what was still to be written till the canon should be completed, is included as God-inspired. The Old Testament law was the schoolmaster to bring us to Christ; so it is appropriately said to be “able to make wise unto salvation through faith in Jesus Christ”: the term wisdom being appropriated to a knowledge of the relations between the Old and New Testaments, and opposed to the pretended wisdom of the false teachers (1 Timothy 1:7, 1 Timothy 1:8).

_ _ doctrineGreek, “teaching,” that is, teaching the ignorant dogmatic truths which they cannot otherwise know. He so uses the Old Testament, Romans 1:17.

_ _ reproof — “refutation,” convicting the erring of their error. Including polemical divinity. As an example of this use of the Old Testament, compare Galatians 3:6, Galatians 3:13, Galatians 3:16. “Doctrine and reproof” comprehend the speculative parts of divinity. Next follow the practical: Scripture is profitable for: (1) correction (Greek, “setting one right”; compare an example, 1 Corinthians 10:1-10) and instruction (Greek, “disciplining,” as a father does his child, see on 2 Timothy 2:25; Ephesians 6:4; Hebrews 12:5, Hebrews 12:11, or “training” by instruction, warning, example, kindnesses, promises, and chastisements; compare an example, 1 Corinthians 5:13). Thus the whole science of theology is complete in Scripture. Since Paul is speaking of Scripture in general and in the notion of it, the only general reason why, in order to perfecting the godly (2 Timothy 3:17), it should extend to every department of revealed truth, must be that it was intended to be the complete and sufficient rule in all things touching perfection. See Article VI, Common Prayer Book.

_ _ inGreek, “instruction which is in righteousness,” as contrasted with the “instruction” in worldly rudiments (Colossians 2:20, Colossians 2:22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Timothy 3:10-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Timothy 3:16

All scripture is inspired of God — The Spirit of God not only once inspired those who wrote it, but continually inspires, supernaturally assists, those that read it with earnest prayer. Hence it is so profitable for doctrine, for instruction of the ignorant, for the reproof or conviction of them that are in error or sin, for the correction or amendment of whatever is amiss, and for instructing or training up the children of God in all righteousness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Timothy 3:16

(5) All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

(5) The eighth admonition which is most precious: a pastor must be wise by the word of God alone: in which we have perfectly delivered to us, whatever pertains to discerning, knowing and establishing true opinions, and to prove which opinions are false: and furthermore, to correct evil manners, and to establish good.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
All:

2 Samuel 23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word [was] in my tongue.
Matthew 21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
Matthew 22:31-32 But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying, ... I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.
Matthew 22:43 He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying,
Matthew 26:54 But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?
Matthew 26:56 But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.
Mark 12:24 And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God?
Mark 12:36 For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
John 10:35 If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;
Acts 1:16 Men [and] brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus.
Acts 28:25 And when they agreed not among themselves, they departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet unto our fathers,
Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.
Romans 15:4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
Galatians 3:8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, [saying], In thee shall all nations be blessed.
Hebrews 3:7 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice,
Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
2 Peter 1:19-21 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: ... For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost.

and is:

Psalms 19:7-11 The law of the LORD [is] perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD [is] sure, making wise the simple. ... Moreover by them is thy servant warned: [and] in keeping of them [there is] great reward.
Psalms 119:97-104 MEM. O how love I thy law! it [is] my meditation all the day. ... Through thy precepts I get understanding: therefore I hate every false way.
Psalms 119:130 The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.
Micah 2:7 O [thou that art] named the house of Jacob, is the spirit of the LORD straitened? [are] these his doings? do not my words do good to him that walketh uprightly?
Acts 20:20 [And] how I kept back nothing that was profitable [unto you], but have shewed you, and have taught you publickly, and from house to house,
Acts 20:27 For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.
1 Corinthians 12:7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.
Ephesians 4:11-16 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; ... From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.

for doctrine:

2 Timothy 3:10 But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience,

for reproof:

2 Timothy 4:2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.
Proverbs 6:23 For the commandment [is] a lamp; and the law [is] light; and reproofs of instruction [are] the way of life:
Proverbs 15:10 Correction [is] grievous unto him that forsaketh the way: [and] he that hateth reproof shall die.
Proverbs 15:31 The ear that heareth the reproof of life abideth among the wise.
John 3:20 For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
Ephesians 5:11-13 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove [them]. ... But all things that are reproved are made manifest by the light: for whatsoever doth make manifest is light.
Hebrews 11:1 Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.
*Gr.

for instruction:

2 Timothy 2:25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;
Deuteronomy 4:36 Out of heaven he made thee to hear his voice, that he might instruct thee: and upon earth he shewed thee his great fire; and thou heardest his words out of the midst of the fire.
Nehemiah 9:20 Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.
Psalms 119:9 BETH. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed [thereto] according to thy word.
Psalms 119:11 Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee.
Matthew 13:52 Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe [which is] instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [that is] an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure [things] new and old.
Acts 18:25 This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John.
Romans 2:20 An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:36. 2S 23:2. Ne 9:20. Ps 19:7; 119:9, 11, 97, 130. Pv 6:23; 15:10, 31. Mi 2:7. Mt 13:52; 21:42; 22:31, 43; 26:54, 56. Mk 12:24, 36. Jn 3:20; 10:35. Ac 1:16; 18:25; 20:20, 27; 28:25. Ro 2:20; 3:2; 15:4. 1Co 12:7. Ga 3:8. Ep 4:11; 5:11. 2Ti 2:25; 3:10; 4:2. He 3:7; 4:12; 11:1. 2P 1:19.

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